Section archive - Beginning Teachers
Page 6/26 255 items
This paper presents an alternative explanation for turnover—one grounded in organizational theory and substantiated by an emerging line of research. In doing so, it reframes the debate over what fuels high rates of teacher turnover in high-poverty schools and provides advice for policy makers and practitioners. This paper reviews six studies analyzing turnover as a function of school context rather than as a function of student demographics. The review suggests that teachers who leave high-poverty schools are not fleeing their students. Rather, they are fleeing the poor working conditions that make it difficult for them to teach and for their students to learn. The working conditions that teachers prize most include school leadership, collegial relationships, and elements of school culture.
Updated: Mar. 08, 2017
The goal of this paper is to provide a useful framework rooted in social capital theory to be utilized to guide future research and practice concerning novice teacher induction that includes broader attention to the social context within which teachers are situated. Specifically, the author expounds upon the elements of a school’s social context which impact teacher socialization, including: (1) social context, (2) characteristics of novices, mentors, and colleagues, (3) alignment, and (4) frequency and content of interactions. The author provides recommendations for future research and improved practice.
Updated: Feb. 12, 2017
“That’s My Job”: Comparing the Beliefs of More and Less Accomplished Special Educators Related to Their Roles and Responsibilities
This study aims to understand special education teachers’ beliefs regarding their roles and responsibilities. The goal of this study is also to determine how these beliefs differ among more and less accomplished teachers. In this study, the authors examine the interviews of special education teachers identified as either more or less accomplished based on the Reading in Special Education (RISE) observation instrument. Through qualitative coding of the data, several themes about beliefs revealed differences between the teachers. The more accomplished teachers discussed a need for instructional intensity and linked their roles and responsibilities to academic needs.
Updated: Jan. 29, 2017
This study aimed to explore the professional challenges and concerns of 30 second career teachers (SCTs) participating in an alternative fast-track induction program during their first year of teaching. Additionally, the study investigated their perspectives of the institutional support provided to them. The results suggest that the challenges and concerns of SCTs trained through a fast-track program are essentially not dissimilar from novice teachers trained in traditional programs. Even though SCTs entered the profession with extensive life and work experience, they seemed to perceive the same mismatch experienced by other first-year teachers between what they had expected and what they actually encountered. Their main challenges and concerns centered on: classroom teaching, teacher–student relations, the extensive workload, and their emotional involvement.
Updated: Jan. 02, 2017
Utilizing the story as a research tool enables the individual to make unique voice heard and provides information regarding identity. In the education system, we study stories and place the emphasis on beginning teachers. During recent years, hundreds of stories have been collected from teachers in their first year of teaching. The stories were collected by means of a 'call' addressed to those individuals specializing in teaching to participate in a 'story contest'. As a result of the contest, we have collected thousands of stories, all of which enable us to examine the professional reality of beginning teachers in their first year of work. Two processes emerged: (1) the written stories describe and reflect the event that occurred in reality, and (2) the stories construct and shape reality. The processes of reflecting, constructing, and shaping are expressed on two levels: the individual level and the systemic-organizational level.
Updated: Dec. 13, 2016
This paper draws from a qualitative study of seven beginning teachers’ perceptions of diversity over a period of 6–18 months. The study found that while initial teacher training had broadened their understanding of diversity and its implication for teaching, it was established pedagogical practices in their schools that influenced the novices’ ongoing understanding of responsiveness to learner diversity. For these novices, the influence of the structures and systems of their school contexts began to restrict their pedagogical stance.
Updated: Dec. 06, 2016
Using a Cultural Lens to Explore Challenges and Issues in Culturally Diverse Schools for Teach First Beginning Teachers: Implications for Future Teacher Training
The main purpose of this research was to explore the cultural issues and challenges that Teach First (TF) trainees face in their first year of teaching, from the perspective of the teachers. The exploration of these differences allowed the emergence of coping strategies as a major finding to emerge from what was initially a more open-ended investigation. Three main themes emerge from the data: Firstly, there is evidence from all datasets that cultural challenges exist for the participants, and that they have developed strategies for overcoming them during the course of the year; Secondly, the cultural gap exists between curriculum and pupils; Thirdly, while cultural differences have caused problems for the participants, they have come to recognise that although they cannot change the whole culture of the school and its pupils, they can make a difference in class.
Updated: Nov. 29, 2016
Keeping an Eye on Learning: Differences Between Expert and Novice Teachers’ Representations of Classroom Management Events
In this study, the authors created a coding scheme using grounded theory to analyze expert and novice teachers’ verbalizations describing classroom events and their relevance for classroom management. Four categories of codes emerged. These referred to perceptions/interpretations, thematic focus, temporality, and cognitive processing expressed. Mixed-method analysis of teachers’ verbalizations yielded a number of significant effects related to participants’ expertise levels. Notably, teachers’ cognitive processing diverged significantly based on expertise level.
Updated: Nov. 08, 2016
The purpose of this case study was to document the development of a beginning elementary teacher identity for science teaching at the elementary school. In doing so, this study traces the experiences throughout her life in various contexts and examines how those impacted the development of her identity for science teaching. As revealed in the findings, the beginning teacher did not have a strong science identity as a young learner of science. She articulated no enthusiasm about science and was unable to share many critical experiences with science across her schooling years. A shift in her identity occurred when she went to university and gained an interest in science because she was provided with opportunities to think and do science in contemporary ways.
Updated: Oct. 31, 2016
This longitudinal study examined the curricular approaches of 14 student-teachers in training to teach Jewish subjects, from the preservice training stage through the beginning of teaching in secondary schools. This study focuses on the student-teachers’ approaches to curriculum and the differences in their attitudes toward two formal study programs: Jewish Philosophy and Bible studies, that differ in character and essence. The study’s findings identified differences in the curricular approaches held by the participating student-teachers from the beginning of training through professional teaching. Furthermore, it seems that the institutional component was a significant factor in the differences between the two subjects.
Updated: Aug. 28, 2016