Section archive - Research Methods
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The purpose of this study is to examine whether using Lesson Study with preservice secondary mathematics teachers might better prepare students to be teachers. The main finding of this action research is that Lesson Study can have a strong influence on the efficacy of preservice mathematics teachers. In addition, it was found that a key factor in establishing the confidence of the preservice teachers was the direct connection from the field-experience school to the methods classroom.
Updated: Mar. 25, 2018
The Continuing Search to Find A More Effective and Less Intimidating Way to Teach Research Methods in Higher Education
The purpose of this study is to integrate the potential advantages of an intensive format with student-centred learning and active engagement in research methods education. Specifically, this study examined the implementation of a new, intensive course format at UK business school. This format aimed to increase student participation, and promote independent learning in a less formal and more collegiate environment. The results reveal that the new format produced scores that were at least as good as the traditional format and which were more closely aligned with the students’ average overall course scores. Consequently, students had a clearer idea of the research process and were often enthusiastic and more prepared to take ownership of their project.
Updated: Feb. 11, 2018
This literature review aims to investigate the goals and challenges as well as the policy and programmatic implications of action research in graduate teacher education. Specifically, this review looks at how action research is being used in graduate teacher education programs as a content area and as a methodology. The authors conclude that this review has discussed the trends and challenges in teacher education programs with respect to the integration of action research. They have categorized the literature in terms of three themes that have characterized the goals and related structures for action research in graduate programs within teacher education.
Updated: Feb. 11, 2018
This article discusses the research regarding the formation and role of networks, and factors to consider when assessing the impact and outcomes of a network. It also looks at the connections between networks and action research (AR), and moves to a focus on the Evaluative Study of Action Research (ESAR), currently in its first stages, and outlines four levels of networks associated with the study. Finally, this article provides an early formative analysis with regard to the impact and outcomes of the ESAR team as a network to date. The authors conclude that the ESAR network provides evidence of each factor of well-functioning networks. Formative evaluations will continue for how the team network functions, as well as how each of the networks that develop functions as the research is undertaken.
Updated: Sep. 19, 2017
This article investigates the way Higher Education (HE) students use metaphors to make tangible the lived and living experience of learning. It provides a contemporary development of the ethnographic paradigm by offering a new model termed ‘proximal ethnography’ to capture the sense of inside-out-inside research, of being what one has studied. In this innovative model, the researcher shares the same experiences as the observed but does so outside their specific domain. The findings reveal that students possessed a hierarchy of motivating drivers; some of these remained stable while others fluctuated. Students' acceptance of this instability helped them succeed on their course.
Updated: Sep. 10, 2017
In this study, the authors examine the strategies reported by naïve assessment constructors. Naïve assessment constructors refer to those individuals with limited, if any, formal preparation for constructing classroom assessments. The authors identified 14 distinct strategies that coalesced into three families of strategies: Alignment, Item Evaluation, and Affective Evaluation. The authors suggest that teacher educators can guide learners to more appropriate strategies within each family and facilitate deliberate practice on their use.
Updated: Jul. 24, 2017
A Methodological Framework for Studying Policy-Oriented Teacher Inquiry in Qualitative Research Contexts
The purpose of this paper is to highlight the importance of policy-oriented teacher inquiry that is collaborative, theoretically driven, and methodologically well-grounded. The author proposes a methodological framework for policy-oriented teacher inquiry that highlights multilayered research approaches and collaborative inquiry. She situates her arguments and the proposed framework in the context of qualitative research and Marx’s dialectic method. The author introduces four study phases that can enable deeper and more detailed understandings of relations between individual experiences, political structures, and material environments.
Updated: Jul. 05, 2017
Navigating the Complexity of Qualitative Research in Postmodern Contexts: Assemblage, Critical Reflexivity, and Communion as Guides
Through examining related literature and incorporating the author's own experiences, she explores ethical dilemmas that social justice-oriented qualitative researchers may encounter as a result of conflicting multiplicities of difference among researcher(s), participants, and readers. Such dilemmas include incongruent interpretations between participants and researchers, and participants’ and researchers’ conflicting desires about what should be shared, intercultural (mis)interpretations, rapport issues, and conflicts between research life and home life.
Updated: Feb. 26, 2017
Polyptych Construction as Historical Methodology: An Intertextual Approach to the Stories of Central Technical School’s Past
Adopting the lens of “new histories” as the basis for the author's inquiry into the institutional legacy of the art program at Toronto’s Central Technical School (CTS), the author created a methodological framework informed by the traditional art form of the polyptych, in which many panels are joined together to show and tell multilayered stories connected to a central theme, to demonstrate visually how stories are interrelated, and to present openings to other stories. This article describes how the author came to see the polyptych as a methodological frame by unpacking its historic roots; by exploring how it operates in contemporary historical research; and by reflecting on how his identity as an artist, teacher, and researcher influences the way he organizes stories within this framework.
Updated: Feb. 26, 2017
The current paper reports a self-study of multicultural identities in a public high school ethnic studies class and a university multicultural education course in Hawai‘i, a unique multicultural setting in which no ethnic group is in the majority. Three important findings emerged. First, a personal-constructivist-collaborative approach to self-study in an intellectually safe classroom environment provides both students and teachers with a context for challenging their socially constructed assumptions about race, culture, and ethnicity. The second major theme to come out of the data analysis describes how the students’ stories became transformational teaching texts. Third, self-study is a multicultural pedagogy that promotes social perspective taking, tolerance, and understanding of diversity through personal transformation.
Updated: Feb. 26, 2017