Section archive - Research Methods
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The purpose of this article is to assess the level of argument and content of student teachers’ reflective writings over the course of two semesters. The results showed that the mean argument levels of students’ reflective essays differed between the two consecutive semesters. The results indicated that it is important to encourage students to focus on the content of the justification, dialogue and transformative learning in their reflective essays.
Updated: Jan. 20, 2015
When ‘Research Ethics’ Become ‘Everyday Ethics’: The Intersection of Inquiry and Practice in Practitioner Research
This article explores the ethical dimensions of what Cochran-Smith and Lytle have termed the dialectic of practitioner inquiry. The article argues that the reflexive nature of the theory/practice dynamic means that, in the context of sustained practitioner inquiry, the ethics of research and the ethics of practice both hold the potential to be shaped by and to shape the other. Elsewhere in discussions of the issue of quality in practitioner and other practice-based research, Groundwater-Smith and Mockler have argued that ethical professionalism can and does work as a platform for quality, pushing practitioner inquiry ‘beyond celebration’.
Updated: Nov. 24, 2014
In this study, the authors explore educators’ experiences in a research design that adheres to collaboration with educators; in this case in a year-long formative intervention in the context of teacher education. This analysis revealed three main contrasts, all of which the teacher educators experience as being consequential for their participation in the research. The first reflection related to how the teacher educators perceived their own position. The educators describe this position as one of agency and ownership, coupled with recognition of their expertise. Secondly, the position of the researcher was experienced as one that explicitly involves learning. Lastly, the research was experienced as being integrated.
Updated: Sep. 30, 2014
This article will describe two of the author's personal stories to try to explore the secret or opaque space between the original telling and retelling of stories in narrative inquiry. Based upon her difficult struggles with the two stories of tea, school, and narrative, the author suggests that narrative inquiry has to be a complex loop of relationship, reflexivity, responsibility, and recursion.
Updated: Sep. 17, 2014
Abduction, Deduction and Induction: Can These Concepts Be Used for an Understanding of Methodological Processes in Interpretative Case Studies?
This article presents an extended perspective based on Charles Sanders Peirce’s concepts of abduction, deduction and induction. The author intends to show some of the integral relationships between these concepts which can be relevant for interpretative case studies exemplified by classroom research.
Updated: Aug. 24, 2014
The authors argue that a popular explanation for the inequality in the access to the nation’s most selective colleges is that low-income students undermatch by attending less selective colleges when their credentials predict admission to more highly selective colleges. They identify three problematic assumptions in research on undermatching.
Updated: Aug. 07, 2014
This article argues that physical scientists are attempting to advance knowledge in the so-called hard sciences, whereas education researchers are laboring to increase knowledge and understanding in an “extremely hard” but softer domain. The author suggests that given the highly contextualized nature of educational processes, embedded in shifting complex social settings, and the relevance of all variables, very little education research is able to pursue predictive power.
Updated: Jul. 23, 2014
In this article, the author argues that there is a considerable degree of similarity between research in the hard sciences and education and that this provides a useful lens for thinking about what constitutes “rigorous” and “scientific” education research. He suggests that the fundamental property of hard science research is its predictive power, a property that can equally be applied to large- and small-scale and quantitative and qualitative research in education.
Updated: Jul. 23, 2014
In this article, the authors focused on findings from qualitative research on the effects of action research by reporting two linked quantitative studies. The authors' first goal was to triangulate the findings from their quantitative inquiry with the results from qualitative studies in order to increase the generalizability of claims previously reported. Their second goal was to identify potential moderators of action research impact on teachers. The contribution of these two studies to the corpus of action research literature is twofold. First, the authors confirmed two important benefits of action research participation reported by qualitative researchers, improved teacher attitudes to educational research and increased self-efficacy. Second, they found moderators of the impact of action research that help identify conditions in which action research is particularly likely to benefit teachers.
Updated: Apr. 29, 2014
The current study is a comparison of PhD and EdD dissertations from 1997 to 2010 in the content area of special education on the variables of research design, statistics, target populations, significance of results as well as the age and exceptionality category of participants. No differences were found in the percentage of dissertations in special education for type of degree by gender and type of research by degree type.
Updated: Mar. 19, 2014