Search results for: USA
Page 3/127 1270 items
Pre-service teachers' understanding of culture in multicultural education: A qualitative content analysis
As culture is the core concept in multicultural education, this paper focuses on teachers' understanding of culture, which is a factor in implementing multicultural education successfully. The present study investigates 231 generalist and bilingual pre-service teachers’ definitions of culture and whether or not there is a difference in the number of descriptors used by the groups. To analyze the data collected through a survey, the author conducted a qualitative content analysis and then ran a 2 × 2 factorial ANOVA. Although there is no statistical difference between the groups, bilingual pre-service teachers showed a deeper understanding of culture.
Updated: May. 08, 2022
Possibilities for using visual drawing with student-teachers: Linking childhood memories to future teaching selves
Drawing from memory-work, this study examines the relationship between childhood and the pedagogical perspectives and practices of 16 pre-service student-teachers enrolled at one large university in the United States. In an analysis of their visual drawings and written narratives of childhood memories, student-teachers link childhood pasts with teaching futures in three distinct ways: 1) intimate connections with former teachers, 2) difficult life circumstances involving loss or trauma, and 3) the primacy of family and culture. Each set of memories is tied to a range of responsibilities that student-teachers vow to uphold, leading towards more reflexive practices in teacher education programs.
Updated: Apr. 28, 2022
Developing Teacher Educators’ Hybrid Identities by Negotiating Tensions in Linguistically Responsive Pedagogy: A Collaborative Self-Study
Intentional integration of knowledge from both K-12 practice and teacher preparation theories supports emerging teacher educators’ hybrid identity development. In this collaborative self-study, three teacher educators reflected upon the negotiation of tensions that arose in their efforts to promote culturally and linguistically responsive pedagogy in K-12 and teacher education settings. Individual journals, recorded critical friend discussions, and teaching artifacts were used as data to support teacher educators’ critical reflections on their own practice and identity development. Data collection spanned teacher educators’ experiences teaching K-12 students in a summer writing camp, creating vignettes based on writing camp experiences, and implementing those vignettes in teacher education settings. Analysis surfaced tensions between teacher and teacher educator identities and between stated objectives and implicit assumptions focused on multicultural education reform. Implications of teacher educators’ sustained engagement in both K-12 and teacher preparation settings using the dual processes of reflection and action are discussed.
Updated: Apr. 28, 2022
Disability Studies in Education and Justice-Oriented Teacher Preparation: Understanding the Barriers and Possibilities of Integrating Critical Visions of Disability
The authors’ self-study examines their integration of concepts from the field of Disability Studies in Education (DSE) into their introductory special education and educational foundations courses in two different accredited teacher preparation programs. Using narratives and shared dialogues about their curricular deliberations, they explored the barriers and possibilities of bringing critical visions of disability into the dominant teacher education curriculum. While barriers such as their positioning as contingent faculty and graduate students hindered their adaptation of the “official” curriculum of their programs, they found that such changes afforded important possibilities for justice-oriented teacher preparation. They discuss their realization of DSE as the “null curriculum” in their programs and the need to break away from the curricular status quo in their courses. Their conclusions explore how the integration of DSE informed concepts generated unique opportunities for exploring social justice concepts with the next generation of teachers.
Updated: Apr. 25, 2022
Barriers and supports to nutrition education in the early childhood classroom are most often presented from in-service teachers’ perspective. Little work has been done to understand pre-service early childhood educators’ perceptions of barriers and supports before entering the classroom. The purpose of this study was to identify early childhood pre-service teachers’ perceived barriers and supports to nutrition education. Using phenomenology, eleven in-depth telephone interviews were conducted with early childhood pre-service teachers from two public universities in North Carolina. Three major themes were revealed: (1) identification of barriers and supports, (2) individual perceptions of nutrition education and the potential influence of barriers and supports, and (3) educational background and training. Pre-service teachers reported human resources (e.g. colleagues, collaborators, administrators), resource availability (materials, time), and policy constraints as anticipated barriers and/or supports. Participants’ perceptions of how they would experience barriers and supports in practice varied, but teachers were generally positive about their ability to overcome potential barriers and obtain needed support. Implications and recommendations for teacher-education programs and the early childhood field are discussed. Relevant pre-service trainings, integration of nutrition education into curriculum, and development of teacher self-efficacy are needed to prepare teachers to navigate barriers and supports in early childhood education.
Updated: Apr. 11, 2022
Examining the effects of internal versus external coaching on preschool teachers’ implementation of a framework of evidence-based social-emotional practices
Coaching is becoming widely recognized as a tool to help early childhood educators enhance teaching and build professional skills. Although effective, the use of an external coach can be cost and time prohibitive. This study examined the effectiveness of internal peer coaches as compared to external coaches in implementation fidelity of an evidence-based framework aimed at enhancing the social-emotional competencies of young children in early childhood classrooms. Fifteen Head Start teachers and 125 of their students participated in this study. The intervention consisted of training on practice-based coaching, training on the social-emotional framework, and eight weeks of coaching (eight teachers participated as internal peer coaches and seven received external coaching). Pre and post data included an assessment of fidelity to the framework and evaluation of individual child social skills. Overall, results suggest that internal peer coaches were more effective at supporting the implementation of practices with fidelity. Children in classrooms with internal coaches demonstrated a significant increase in social skills. Although more research is needed, internal peer coaching can be considered as a potential solution to the challenges of working with an external coach.
Updated: Apr. 11, 2022
Are you positive that you’re positive?: The downside to maintaining positivity as a first-year teacher
This year-long qualitative study follows a new teacher, who had self-identified as a ‘positive person’, through her first year in the classroom to explore the ways in which she maintained that disposition in the face of the difficulties that the work of teaching entails. Using a lens of emotion states and traits, we catalogued several different strategies this teacher used to return to her ‘positive’ emotion trait. A close examination of the data through I-Poems revealed that the very strategies she used were a type of avoidance from situations that produced uncomfortable emotion states. This avoidance contributed to a false sense of positivity, a dissonant between the teacher’s reported experiences and her perceived sense of self, gradually leading to burnout. The focus on maintaining her desired emotion trait distracted from the need to process her emotional experiences to improve her practice. Implications for teaching and teacher education are discussed.
Updated: Mar. 29, 2022
Dissonance during teacher preparation is commonplace. Rather than presenting a roadblock, dissonance may be critical for preservice teachers' learning. This case study examines how to organize teacher education to embrace dissonance through deliberative dialogue. Findings suggest that scaffolding during dialogues created conditions where participants could engage with peers' perspectives, rethink assumptions, and deepen interpretive power for understanding students’ ideas. Dialogues encouraged persistence when dissonance threatened to prohibit further sense-making. By persisting, tensions became productive rather than prohibitive for sense-making. Findings have implications for the design of teacher preparation experiences and for theorizing about how beginning teachers learn across experiences.
Updated: Mar. 28, 2022
Which teacher induction practices work? Linking forms of induction to teacher practices, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction
Teacher induction is regarded as an important facet of the teacher education system in many countries. However, important questions remain concerning which teacher induction practices are most associated with teacher quality and retention. This study (N = 736) therefore leverages data from the 2018 Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) to examine relationships between various forms of teacher induction and teacher practices, self-efficacy, and job satisfaction, while controlling for an array of teacher socio-demographic and professional characteristics. Five specific teacher induction activities—including team teaching; online activities; and portfolios, diaries, or journals—were associated with one or more teacher-level outcome variables.
Updated: Mar. 22, 2022
Teachers in the United States are primarily White and female. Thus, the education system is built on whiteness and maintains white supremacy. One approach to disrupting racist outcomes is to increase the number of people of color pursuing teaching. Yet, the ways that pre-service teachers (PSTs) are racialized often results in PSTs of color experiencing harm during teacher preparation. Therefore, the purpose of this phenomonological study was to explore the racialized lived experiences of PSTs in a predominantly White teacher preparation program whose stated mission is to work to develop racially conscious educators who work toward equity and justice. Participants were PSTs (n = 15) enrolled in a teacher preparation program in the Midwest who were placed into two focus groups, one that identified as people of color and one as White. Focus groups discussed: their racialized lived experiences (1) with faculty (2) with curriculum (3) with other PSTs (4) with cooperating teachers, and (5) with P-12 students. Results from both groups suggest a lack of race content. PSTs of color reported feelings of exclusion and limited racial consciousness of White peers and faculty.
Updated: Mar. 08, 2022