Search results for: USA
Page 4/127 1270 items
This qualitative action research project examined preservice teachers’ conceptions of teacher leadership. Through an analysis of preservice teachers’ writings in a graduate-level teacher leadership course, students’ beliefs about the power of teacher leaders emerged. Findings revealed that novice teachers most often identified the scope of leadership as focused in classrooms and schools, while identifying curriculum and instructional decision-making and peer collaboration as the key actions taken by teacher leaders. Barriers to teacher leadership were most often described as administrators and policymakers. Regardless of the scope of influence or actions taken by teacher leaders, the primary purpose of teacher leadership overwhelming reflected a desire to address socioeconomic inequalities through educational change.
Updated: Mar. 08, 2022
This mixed methods study investigates novice teacher and coach survey responses from a two-year induction programme to learn more about what makes a good match. The authors qualitatively analyse comments from all novice teachers and coaches who were paired across years and find shared themes of structural, professional, and personality similarities as well as the importance of coaching support prominent throughout novice teacher responses. They also use logistic regression to indicate that novice teachers’ ratings of coaching skills and coaches’ beliefs about the induction programme fitting within vertical professional development were positive and significant predictors of perceptions of being well matched. Findings have implications for induction programmes on how to match their coaches with novice teachers to enhance teacher development.
Updated: Mar. 02, 2022
Given the scarcity of research on how teacher educators prepare teacher candidates to successfully bridge coursework and fieldwork, the authors conducted a case study of six literacy teacher educators to investigate how they described learning experiences designed to help teacher candidates navigate varied coursework and fieldwork. Teacher educators described intentionally creating learning experiences that connected coursework and fieldwork, but often lacked an explicit articulation of these connections to candidates. Few educators described learning experiences that engaged and supported candidates to critically examine encountered curricular contexts and then enact responsive literacy instruction using curricular materials from fieldwork.
Updated: Feb. 28, 2022
This mixed-methods study explores the experiences and influence of induction on novice teachers. The authors quantitatively analyze survey data from over two thousand novice teachers and a thousand of their coaches through statistical comparisons and multiple linear regression analyses to explore whether structures of induction are associated with how teachers learn and develop in their pedagogy. Qualitative analyses of respondents’ open-ended responses guided by word cluster formations indicate a positive feeling about this induction program but revealed differing areas of focus between novice teachers and their coaches. Results indicate the importance of coaches, curriculum, and the learning management system in creating positive induction experiences. Findings from this study have implications for the influence and structural design of induction programs for novice teacher development.
Updated: Feb. 08, 2022
Examining how early childhood preservice teacher funds of knowledge shapes pedagogical decision making
Preservice teachers (PSTs) must learn to approach curriculum and pedagogy in a socially just way. Descriptive examination of early childhood PSTs’ personal funds of knowledge is crucial to inform preparation programs. Drawing on a study that investigated subjectivities of and conceptualization of culture held by PSTs in rural Midwest (USA), this paper specifically focuses on teaching in the early years. The author argues that PSTs personal funds of knowledge serve as a main catalyst for pedagogical decision making. Majority of PSTs express the need to examine hegemony, privilege, and bias yet struggle to be pedagogical agents of change in practice.
Updated: Feb. 06, 2022
Entering, Staying, Shifting, Leaving, and Sometimes Returning: A Descriptive Analysis of the Career Trajectories of Two Cohorts of Alternatively Certified Mathematics Teachers
This article examines the career trajectories of recent college graduates and career changers who became mathematics teachers in hard-to-staff schools through New York City Teaching Fellows (NYCTF). The goal is to understand the main patterns in their careers before, during, and after teaching. The study provides a portrait of the career trajectories and decision-making of more than 600 NYCTF mathematics teachers over a nine-year period. The study incorporates survey and retention data collected as part of a longitudinal research project on NYCTF mathematics teachers. The analysis of the teachers’ career trajectories is illuminated by descriptive statistics and qualitative analyses of teachers’ open-ended survey responses. The article deepens our understanding of teachers’ career decision-making as it unfolds over time. For example, it documents that the leavers emphasized different reasons for leaving NYC public schools, depending on when they left. The study also challenges conventional understandings of teacher turnover by finding consequential amounts of midyear and involuntary turnover and by demonstrating the stochastic nature of some teachers’ trajectories. It further shows that, although in many ways similar, the career trajectories of the career changers and recent college graduates differed in key regards; for example, although the career changers seem to have had greater trouble adjusting to teaching, they were more likely to remain in the district a decade after entry than the recent graduates. The discussion focuses on the implications of the study for recruitment and retention strategies that can ameliorate pressing teacher turnover and shortage issues. It posits that, given the high rates of turnover among NYCTF mathematics teachers, recruitment strategies focused on recruiting high-achieving recent graduates and professional career changers will not solve long-standing teacher turnover issues in districts such as NYC public schools. As such, districts need to focus on retention strategies. These would include, for example, training and induction tailored to meet the different needs and career goals of career changers and recent graduates.
Updated: Jan. 29, 2022
This article explores the experiences of six nonbinary preservice teachers of diverse gender expression and racial and class backgrounds. Each was enrolled or had recently completed teacher training in North America when the study was conducted in 2018. This qualitative study employed in-depth, phenomenological interviews to prompt participants to reconstruct rich narratives about their experiences as educators. This article uses Sara Ahmed’s concept of the “willful subject” to consider how participants negotiated the relationship between their gender identities as non-binary people and their nascent professional identities as teachers. These beginning teachers expressed concern about succeeding in their teacher education programs and worried about how others perceived them because of the expectation of normative gender implicit in teaching’s professional norms. This expectation was enforced by the profession’s gatekeepers more than by K–12 students and their families, who participants generally described as hospitable or indifferent to having a non-binary teacher. If the profession is to genuinely welcome gender diversity, it must do more than protect trans and gender nonconforming teachers from discrimination and harassment: It must also recognize and work to deconstruct its own gender normativity.
Updated: Jan. 25, 2022
The current study examined multiple factors in predicting whether preservice teachers felt self-efficacious for instructing lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) students. Among the predictive factors, heterosexist beliefs had the strongest relationship with self-efficacy for teaching LGBTQ students, with participants who reported lower levels of heterosexism demonstrating higher self-efficacy. Contrary to expectations, general teacher self-efficacy was not a strong predictor of self-efficacy for teaching LGBTQ students. Implications for these findings suggest that teacher-training programs should include components that focus on developing preservice teachers’ abilities to work with LGBTQ students, including addressing future educators’ heterosexist beliefs.
Updated: Jan. 25, 2022
This study examined professional teacher noticing in the context of written responses 12 pre-service teachers (PSTs) provided in a reflective journal after posing addition and subtraction problems for students in an after-school tutoring program. Professional teacher noticing skills, attending, interpreting, and deciding, were situated within the well-defined mathematics content and associated trajectory of student strategies for the meaning of addition and subtraction. A three-point rubric was designed and utilized to analyze PST attending, interpreting, and deciding responses. Results characterize what PSTs “could do” relative to each skill as well as development of noticing skills over time. Results also highlight how PSTs included a rationale and next steps in deciding responses that related to supporting student understanding of the meaning of addition and subtraction, providing additional practice, and teaching solution strategies. Implications for teacher education are discussed.
Updated: Jan. 23, 2022
A new evaluation approach for teacher preparation programs using labor market competitiveness of teacher applicants
This study introduces a new approach to measure effectiveness of teacher preparation programs (TPP) at U.S. universities by examining to what extent TPPs produce employable teacher candidates. The authors use teacher vacancy-application data in Wisconsin public schools from 2014–15 through 2016–17. They find that attending specific TPPs makes a difference for novice teacher applicants’ hiring outcomes, but the competitiveness of these TPPs is inextricable from their geographic locales. Their findings complement the existing acontextual and absolute TPP rankings and suggest that graduates of TPPs with strong school and community partnerships are more competitive in the local labor market.
Updated: Jan. 17, 2022