Search results for: USA
Page 10/109 1088 items
This study examines teachers’ behavioral, academic, and relational beliefs and how these beliefs shape the actions used in managing their classrooms. The author found that the participants focused primarily on behavior and academics when managing classrooms. The author concludes that these results suggest that a more relational orientation to classroom management is related to instructional quality. The author found that teachers also tended to implement actions that were consistent with their beliefs of classroom management, although they differed from one another in the extent that they focused on relational aspects.
Updated: Jun. 07, 2018
This article describes a case study about how teacher education might better prepare rural teacher candidates for rural schools. The author concludes that participants emphasized the importance of personal relationships, relationships both within the school and the relationship between the school and community. However, it was found that the participants in this study also perceived school and community as a site of ambiguity and ambivalence, a site of strategy, negotiation, and resistance. The authors suggests that teacher candidates should be prepared to learn about rural communities in ways that do not reinstate deficit perspectives and increase the likelihood that they will choose rural teaching appointments.
Updated: Jun. 06, 2018
Content of Curriculum in Physical Education Teacher Education: Expectations of Undergraduate Physical Education Students
The present study aimed to examine the perceptions of the importance of content areas in physical education from the perspective of university students. The study also explored how those perceptions related to the reasons for course choice and motivation. The findings reveal that the participants mentioned sport and physical activity, confident interpersonal service, and role model as reasons for choosing to study physical education. The authors also found that the students were motivated towards study, with intrinsic motivation towards study higher than extrinsic motivation and lack of motivation.
Updated: Jun. 03, 2018
This article aims to examine the field of teacher preparation in the current era of accountability and testing. The authors claim that policymakers try finding ways to improve teacher preparation, hence they use assessment tests. This article shows an evidence that teacher preparation is in the forefront in its use of outcome measures to gauge the effectiveness of its work. The authors suggest that nuanced use of these assessment measures, in ways that don’t over assume their validity, should be the approach taken as this innovation evolves.
Updated: May. 30, 2018
This study examined the factors that influenced two novice and two experienced teachers’ decisions to remain in the teaching field. The findings reveal that both novice and experienced teachers mentioned administrative support and relationships as prominent influences of teachers to remain in the field. Furthermore, all the participants suggested the stress of the profession contributes to teachers leaving the field, such as behavioral issues, requirements of paperwork, and state-mandated tests.
Updated: May. 29, 2018
Content and Context of the Administrative Internship: How Mentoring and Sustained Activities Impact Preparation
This study aimed to explore the experiences of administrative interns and mentors at the completion of their experience. The authors were interested to examine the interns' types of activities, and interactions with mentors with a particular focus on the degree to which these were passive or active. The authors argue that the findings reveal that ongoing dialogue is critical among the research team, but also among stakeholders such as the intern, site-based mentor, university supervisor, and instructors about what constitutes active involvement and what specific activities and experiences will most effectively prepare aspiring leaders for contemporary school leadership positions. The authors conclude that many interns reported a sense of completing the internship with compliance and were focused on simply completing time logs and getting in the hours. Hence, they suggest that teacher education programs must move internships from compliance-based activities to meaningful and authentic learning experiences.
Updated: May. 27, 2018
In this study, the authors aimed investigated to identify elements that constitute the practical rationality of mathematics teaching. Specifically, they focused on the assumptions that participants made regarding what should constitute the launch of a problem-based lesson. The authors hypothesized that different assumptions may lead to tensions and dilemmas when launching a problem. The authors conclude that the manner in which teachers set up a problem can reduce the opportunities for high-level mathematical reasoning. Hence, they argue that the launch is important for teachers to maximize student engagement and mathematical reasoning. They also note that teachers’ decisions about launching a problem can enable students to exercise conceptual agency.
Updated: May. 24, 2018
This study aimed to investigate teacher educators’ in-action mental model (IAMM) regarding student teachers’ minds and learning. The authors investigated the same teacher educators in two teaching contexts: (1) teaching an academic course about pedagogy in college; and (2) in the post-lesson feedback sessions that took place while they were supervising student teachers in elementary schools. The authors found that when the teacher educators taught an academic course, they had the same IAMM of the mind and learning as teachers who teach children in elementary and high school. The authors argue that this finding indicates the generality of the IAMM. The authors also found that the general IAMM has limitations. The findings in this study point to the contextual nature of IAMM.
Updated: May. 17, 2018
This study aimed to better understand how teachers negotiate their emergent identities and the role emotional transactions play in this process. The authors organized the findings by four key features of what we call the process of ‘identity work’: (1) Incoming teacher beliefs; (2) Teacher identity emotional episodes; (3) Teacher attributions, and (4) and Identity adjustment. All of the participants could identify episodes or experiences during which they had salient emotional responses. Some participants elaborated the ways that these emotional responses served to confirm or further teacher identities/expectations they brought with them into their first year of teaching. Others argued that these events triggered a process of questioning or exploration regarding what their incoming beliefs were.
Updated: May. 17, 2018
Preparing Teachers for Success with English Language Learners: Challenges and Opportunities for University TESOL Education
The study examines the role that university English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) programs play in shaping inservice teachers’ work with English Language Learners (ELLs). The findings reveal that the ESOL endorsement program contributed positively to Wheatland Elementary teachers’ preparation for their transition to becoming a district ESL site. The results show that there was an increase in an appreciation of the use of students’ first language to facilitate comprehension of content and promote bilingualism. These results suggest that well-planned university programs influence even very experienced teachers and those who may be ambivalent toward ESOL endorsement mandates, and policies that limit the requirements for those seeking state ESOL endorsement may be ill advised.
Updated: May. 16, 2018