This article reports on the experiences of teachers who have had Continuing Professional Development (CPD) in Europe. The findings of this study reveal, in all three countries, similar discrepancies between the activities in which these teachers engage and the value they place on individual professional development. In most cases, teachers interviewed in this study identified not just a huge variation in their experience of professional development. According to these teachers, their professional development would appear to be neither systematic nor particularly successful. Furthermore, accountability is checked by the sorts of appraisals mentioned by many of these teachers. In many cases these are based on targets and observations, which can be used to apply pressure on individuals to take part in staff development, or indeed be used by teachers as its justification.