Search results for: Germany
Page 4/7 62 items
Motivations for Choosing Teaching as a Career: An International Comparison Using the FIT-Choice Scale
This investigation had two major aims: 1. to examine the utility and validity of the FIT-Choice scale for measuring teaching motivations within and across samples and settings; 2. to explore differences in motivations and perceptions related to the teaching profession across the different samples, as first indications of differences among Australian, U.S., German, and Norwegian samples. The findings reveal that the FIT-Choice scale displayed good construct validity and reliability across diverse samples. Furthermore, the sample comparisons revealed that motivations for teaching were more similar than they were different across these samples.
Updated: Nov. 05, 2014
The Influence of (Research-Based) Teacher Training Programs on Evaluations of Central Computer Science Concepts
Based on a cross-contextual research paradigm, this study compares the combinations of content and process concepts identified as important in the context of professors with those considered relevant in the context of teachers. The authors found significant differences between computer science professors and teachers. The greatest differences were found in their evaluations of the content concepts algorithm and structure: professors and teachers differed significantly in their evaluations of these concepts’ relationships with five and four process concepts, respectively.
Updated: Oct. 07, 2014
Motivations for Choosing Teaching as a Career: Effects on General Pedagogical Knowledge during Initial Teacher Education
This study aimed to examine the significance of teaching motivations for the gain of professional knowledge during teacher education. The findings reveal that the FIT-Choice instrument’s factor structure was replicated. Furthermore, the motivation profile typical for preservice teachers in Germany was also replicated. The results also reveal that intrinsic motivation is positively correlated, whereas extrinsic motivation is negatively correlated, with GPK at the first occasion of measurement. In addition, the findings show that extrinsic motivation also matters for preservice teachers.
Updated: Jun. 02, 2014
The present article set out to examine the issue of whether opportunity to learn (OTL) was related to mathematics and mathematics pedagogy knowledge for future middle school mathematics teachers and for future elementary teachers who will likely teach mathematics. The authors used data from 81 randomly sampled U.S. public and private institutions as well as international data from top-achieving countries. The results showed major differences in course taking between the A+ countries and the United States, especially for lower secondary preparation programs.
Updated: Jan. 01, 2014
Teacher Education Effectiveness: Quality and Equity of Future Primary Teachers’ Mathematics and Mathematics Pedagogical Content Knowledge
This article examined across 15 countries to what extent primary teacher education can be regarded as effective and the possible reasons for inequity. The effectiveness of teacher education was examined by taking two indicators into account: future teachers’ mean achievement on a paper-and-pencil test as an indicator of quality, and the variability of teacher achievement due to background characteristics as an indicator of equity. The authors conclude that none of the TEDS-M countries was successful on both indicators of teacher education effectiveness with respect to background characteristics, gender, and language. Singapore and Taiwan may be regarded as the most effective teacher education systems, with high achievement and gender equity on MPCK and high achievement and language.
Updated: Dec. 25, 2013
Family Background, Entry Selectivity and Opportunities to Learn: What Matters in Primary Teacher Education? An International Comparison of Fifteen Countries
This article examines the effectiveness of teacher education programs from fifteen countries with respect to mathematics content knowledge (MCK) and mathematics pedagogical content knowledge (MPCK) as cognitive outcomes after equalizing their teacher intake. Data from the comparative TEDS-M study revealed that the mathematics content knowledge (MCK) and the mathematics pedagogical content knowledge (MPCK) of primary teachers differed significantly at the end of teacher education between the participating countries and between teacher education programs within countries.
Updated: Oct. 29, 2013
Are the Traditional Curricula Dispensable? A Feature Pattern to Compare Different Types of Curriculum and a Critical View of Educational Standards and Essential Curricula in Germany
The author presents a curriculum-theoretical instrument, which allows a systematic analysis of the structure of curricula. This instrument was developed based on German curricula, a country in which a large-scale educational reform was set in motion involved the adoption of new curriculum types.
Updated: Jun. 26, 2013
The Dilemma of Cultural Responsiveness and Professionalization: Listening Closer to Immigrant Teachers Who Teach Children of Recent Immigrants
The authors present an analysis of the teacher interviews which were conducted in five U.S. cities with 50 preschool teachers. These interviews were part of a comparative study in Europe and the United States of what practitioners and parents who are recent immigrants think should happen in preschool. The authors compare the perspectives of these immigrant teachers with those of their nonimmigrant counterparts. Specifically, the authors focus on the cultural expertise of immigrant teachers who work within their own immigrant community. One of the major findings is that preschool teachers are caught between their pedagogical training and their cultural knowledge.
Updated: Jun. 17, 2013
Knowledge Orientations of Prospective Early Childhood Teachers: A Study of Students' Scientific Versus Subjective Orientations in Teacher Education Courses in Germany
The authors explored prospective early childhood teachers' orientations to scientific knowledge and to research. In a latent profile analysis, two types of orientation profiles could be identified: (a) an orientation towards subjective theories, lay theories, and subjective experience, and (b) an orientation towards scientific theories and research results.
Updated: May. 29, 2013
General Pedagogical Knowledge of Future Middle School Teachers: On the Complex Ecology of Teacher Education in the United States, Germany, and Taiwan
This article reports how the general pedagogical knowledge test was conceptualized in the context of Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics. The researchers from the United States, Germany, and Taiwan worked together and used representative samples of future middle school teachers in these countries from a survey which conducted on 2008. Findings revealed that U.S. future middle school teachers were significantly outperformed by future teachers in Germany and Taiwan. Furthermore, the data revealed that U.S. future middle school teachers had a relative strength in generating classroom strategies but a weakness in recalling knowledge and analyzing problems.
Updated: Apr. 08, 2013