Search results for: France
Page 2/2 19 items
This article has two primary aims. The first is to clarify the differing rationales for affirmative action that have emerged in five nations—France, India, South Africa, the United States and Brazil. The second is to make the case for the most compelling rationales, whether instrumentally or morally based. The author offers philosophical analysis of the justifications for affirmative action in each country and synthesizes federal and state legislation, court decisions, news media sources, and research-based scholarship.
Updated: Oct. 19, 2010
Teacher Training by Alternating Classroom Work and Work Analysis: From the Perspective of a Social Conception of Meaning and Action
This article investigates teacher training by the alternation of classroom work and work analysis. The links between these two professional situations have been identified and analyzed from the perspective of a social conception of meaning and action. This approach allows the development of professional activity in preservice teachers (PTs) to be assessed by tracking how the reflective tools acquired in training evolve in work and/or work analysis situations. The concepts of 'meaning' and 'expectation' are helpful in discussing the empirical data from a research program designed to evaluate the potential for PTs' professional development offered by the alternating work/analysis programs of French University Institutes of Teacher Training.
Updated: Jan. 31, 2010
Co-Analysis of Work in the Triadic Supervision of Preservice Teachers Based on Neo-Vygotskian Activity Theory: Case Study from a French University Institute of Teacher Training
The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of the joint training activities of a cooperating teacher and a university supervisor during an advisory visit on (a) the professional development of a preservice teacher's activity and (b) the reorganization of mentoring activity following this visit. The discussion focuses on the conditions that led to the greater effectiveness of the advisory visit, which is an integral part of teacher training programs that alternate classroom work with co-analysis of the work.
Updated: Dec. 21, 2009
The purpose of this paper is defining what 'transversal training' represents in secondary teachers' training in France. It attempts at the same time to assess critically the place it holds in the framework of the two years of training that university institutes for teacher training provide for young teachers.
Updated: Nov. 04, 2009
Effects of collaborative mentoring on the articulation of training and classroom situations: A case study in the French school system
The article explores the effects of collaborative mentoring on the professional development of preservice teachers. The data was gathered from observation and interviews. Findings indicate that in some circumstances collaborative mentoring provides a better articulation than the traditional models of co-preparation and co-evaluation of lessons.
Updated: Apr. 08, 2008
Culture-Blind? Parental Discourse on Religion, Ethnicity and Secularism in the French Educational Context
This article examines policy mediation and adaptation in a context where religious, ethnic and other cultural identities are not officially recognised in the public sphere but considered part of the private sphere. French educational policy is firmly rooted within a secular Republican framework which relies on a colour-blind approach to promote equality.
Updated: Mar. 23, 2008
This article provides an overview of the gradual development, in the span of two decades (1985-2005), of a theorisation which has come to be known as the Anthropological Theory of the Didactic (ATD). It stresses important stages in the dismissing – based on both fact and theory – of some widespread views of teaching and learning, and the establishing of new attitudes towards ‘the didactic’, seen as an anthropological dimension of social life.
Updated: Feb. 03, 2008
In this article, the author attempts to show how French disciplinary didactiques were created and have developed. At the beginning, nobody could forecast the future and whether the didactiques would one day be recognised by the academic and instructional systems. The French didactiques are strongly based on school subject matters.
Updated: Feb. 03, 2008
The article discusses school linked models for teacher education in England, France, Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden, and what, if any, are the consequences of the models in terms of teacher quality. The authors note a substantial variation between countries in terms of integration between the institution and the school, emphasis on practical learning, embedding of teacher education and duration of teacher education.
Updated: Jan. 16, 2008