Search results for: Theories
Page 2/9 86 items
The purpose of this article is to analyse the assumptions regarding how the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is to achieve its intended effects, that is, to reconstruct PISA’s programme theory (PT) and to probe the validity of its underlying assumptions. The article demonstrates that PISA’s PT has low internal validity. PISA results to react to and reflect on their own practice, compare themselves with others, and then act accordingly to improve education systems and school practice, though no activities or resources are allocated to change school practice.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2014
This study used Cognitive load theory (CLT) to explain the challenges faced by student teachers. Results revealed that student teachers decreased mental effort related to monitoring their students’ level of attention, meeting needs of diverse learners, and managing internal and external distractions.
Updated: Sep. 22, 2014
Abduction, Deduction and Induction: Can These Concepts Be Used for an Understanding of Methodological Processes in Interpretative Case Studies?
This article presents an extended perspective based on Charles Sanders Peirce’s concepts of abduction, deduction and induction. The author intends to show some of the integral relationships between these concepts which can be relevant for interpretative case studies exemplified by classroom research.
Updated: Aug. 24, 2014
In this article, the author contrasts two motivation theories often used to guide thinking about teacher evaluation, in order to develop an overarching theory of how evaluation works. The external motivation theory relies on economics and extrinsic incentives, and the internal motivation uses psychology and intrinsic incentives. These theories and available evidence raise doubts about performance-based pay, but not the use of other extrinsic incentives.
Updated: Aug. 20, 2014
In this article, the author uses the framework of prek-3rd as a vehicle for exploring the implications of more closely linking Early Childhood Education (ECE) and schooling, focusing especially on philosophical and practical issues raised by this objective. He will examine the reasoning of proponents and raise questions about their assumptions. The prek-3rd posits a heterogeneous population of children moving up through a matrix of diverse learning and developmental tasks at different rates. The author concludes that the example of prek-3rd suggests that there are many positive aspects to the idea of bringing ECE and early schooling closer together, such as a complex view of the child and sensitivity to individual differences; the balance in attention to teaching and learning; and the broadened time frame for considering the transition to school.
Updated: Aug. 04, 2014
This article presents a literature review of peer-reviewed articles and dissertations that contribute to the theory and research of group mentoring. In this literature review, the author summarized the distinct perspectives that have been theorized and researched. He also reviewed several typologies including peer mentoring, one-to-many mentoring, and many-to-one mentoring, and many-to-many mentoring that have been identified in the research. Finally, he identified significant gaps that exist in the study of group mentoring.
Updated: Mar. 11, 2014
In this article, the author questions the micro–macro separation in discourse analysis, the separation of personal and institutional discourses. The author explores the connections between macro-level power inequities and micro-level interactional positionings, thereby establishing critical narrative analysis (CNA). She examines the focus of critical discourse analysis (CDA) on institutional discourses and problematize the definition of power discourses by looking closely at the intertextual recycling of institutional discourses in everyday narratives and at the adoption of everyday narratives in institutional discourses. Ultimately, the article proposes that CNA unites CDA and narrative analysis in a mutually beneficial partnership that addresses both theoretical and methodological dilemmas in discourse analysis.
Updated: Feb. 18, 2014
This article examines the Deleuzian concept of ‘assemblage’ in educational research in the context of Teacher Education (TE) for the ‘continuing education’ or ‘Lifelong Learning’ sector. The author argues that the concept of assemblage recognises developmental practices in distinctive ways and that it challenges the centripetal views implied by other models’ elision of more specific types of convergence, each of which is analysed. Drawing on Deleuze’s creative approach to analysis, the article draws a portrait of practice which identifies problems and successes in specific cases of TE with wider applicability.
Updated: Feb. 17, 2014
In this article, the authors explore inquiry through the efforts of one pre-service teacher, Toni, during her practicum experience in a secondary mathematics classroom. Drawing on aspects of Bourdieu’s social field theory, the authors highlight the tensions between two different “fields', as well as the tensions within Toni herself in her efforts to identify and become proficient with inquiry pedagogy.
Updated: Dec. 15, 2013
This article reports on a mentoring programme in a university at the Republic of Ireland, which provides an accreditation pathway to a master’s level qualification. The authors adopted three different and complementary lenses through which to consider mentoring as an academic and professional practice: (a) the international literature; (b) their own reflective and reflexive dialogue; and (c) observations from mentor teachers’ efforts to interrogate their own professional practices. The authors conclude by arguing for productive mentoring, for sustainable change, as an academic, caring and professional practice that is contextually responsive.
Updated: Sep. 30, 2013