Section archive - Theories & Approaches
Page 2/52 519 items
In this study, the authors were interested to understand their practice as teacher educators. The authors argue that from their reflections on their own experiences, they now better understand the power of their personal apprenticeships of observation over their teaching practices.
Updated: Oct. 28, 2018
The authors designed a lab-based pilot and classroom-based feasibility study to examine an effective way to introduce mindfulness meditation. The authors conclude that the findings of these two studies of the guided mindfulness meditation — one a pilot and the other comparative trial — suggest that mindfulness meditation is feasible to introduce to early childhood education students with some modifications.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2018
This article aims to examine how sociopolitically conscious teacher educators tailor preparation for teachers of color. The results showed that teacher educators’ pedagogy for teacher candidates of color was characterized by three binding mindsets and practices: 1. The authors found that teacher educators made an intentional choice to work as a change agent for communities of color. 2. The authors also found that teacher educators challenged sociocultural barriers to the academic and professional achievement of teachers of color. 3. It was also found that teacher educators implemented constructivist approaches as an instructional bridge to prepare teacher candidates of color to work with culturally and linguistically diverse students.
Updated: Oct. 18, 2018
This study aimed to determine the impact of a course on inclusive education on participants’ attitudes, concerns, and their teaching efficacy. The findings reveal that formal education alters pre-service teacher attitudes, concerns, and efficacy towards inclusive education while also revealing that demographic differences influenced the ability of formal education to modify these characteristics.
Updated: Oct. 16, 2018
Picture This: Multimodal Representations of Prospective Teachers' Metaphors about Teachers and Teaching
This article describes the results of a multimodal project. The research study centers on participant-generated metaphors and required prospective teachers to capture, produce, and share their selected metaphors through multimodal means. The findings reveal that the participants vary in their metaphorical conceptions of teachers and teaching. They are able to identify and articulate metaphors for teachers and teaching through multimodal means. The participants understood the metaphors and shared through multiple modes they were able to demonstrate and articulate in more than one way. The findings suggest prospective teachers' uses of multimodality enabled individuals, to varying degrees, to more readily and through multiple modes identify, capture and articulate their understanding(s) of teaching and teachers.
Updated: Oct. 04, 2018
This paper describes a systematic review to critically analyze empirical research conducted in the field of social justice and teacher education and published in peer-reviewed journals within the last 10 years. The authors found that the broad foci of this research could be represented by four themes: understandings of social justice and attitudes to diversity, changes in beliefs, field experience and service learning, and innovations and challenges in teacher education.
Updated: Aug. 12, 2018
Education and Child Poverty in Times of Austerity in Portugal: Implications for Teachers and Teacher Education
This article aimed to examine recent policy documents and other reports on the education sector. It also analysed the ways in which initial teacher education (ITE) deals with poverty issues, within the post-Bologna context, through the voices of student-teachers who have finished their practicum at school. The findings pointed to the deterioration of working conditions at school for teachers. The authors argue that the strategies used by teachers to face poverty situations have made student-teachers more aware of their lack of preparedness to deal with teaching in such a demanding context.
Updated: Jul. 03, 2018
In this study, the author examined the professional knowledge that teachers use in order to assess and respond meaningfully to children’s interests. The findings revealed that personal and idiosyncratic nature of teachers’ knowledge gained in family, center and community contexts. The author argues that the personal, informal knowledge became infused with professional knowledge that influenced teacher curriculum decision-making and pedagogical practices. This informal knowledge can be described as an analytical framework of funds of knowledge. The teachers use the funds of knowledge in their interactions with children in complex and connected ways.
Updated: May. 23, 2018
This study examined how policy-makers described their work and motivations. Furthermore, the study focused on policy-makers' perceived relationship with teacher educators researchers and their understandings about research. The findings revealed that policy-makers described research as necessary to shape their decision-making and important to justify their work. However, some of the participants appeared acutely aware of their own lack of ‘research literacy’ and were quick to note they wished for greater support in this area. Policy-makers sought better communication strategies to utilise research findings in a timely, free and publicly accessible, user-friendly manner.
Updated: May. 22, 2018
This study examines the general level of effective teaching behavior of pre-service teachers teaching in secondary education. It also investigates the role of several contextual and personal characteristics in explaining differences in effective teaching behavior and the link between effective teaching behavior and pupils’ academic engagement. The results show substantiate differences in the level of effective teaching behavior between pre-service and experienced teachers. It was found that several contextual and personal characteristics determine differences in effective teaching behavior. Furthermore, the importance of effective pre-service teaching behavior for pupil engagement was established. The authors conclude that findings suggest that when pre-service teachers display better effective teaching behavior, the more pupils’ academic engagement is achieved.
Updated: May. 10, 2018