Section archive - Theories & Approaches
Page 4/53 523 items
Thinking with/through the Contradictions of Social Justice in Teacher Education: Self-Reflection on NETDS Experience
This article describes the National Exceptional Teaching for Disadvantaged Schools (NETDS). The purpose of the NETDS is to channel high performing teacher education students to disadvantaged schools. This paper is based on the authors' collective, critical self-reflection on designing and implementing NETDS at University of New England over the last three years. The authors use the taxonomy of three different ideological approaches—conservative, liberal and critical—to school reform as a heuristic device for their self-reflection.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2018
In this article, the authors used ecological perspective to prepare preservice teachers to be attentive and responsive to their students. The authors want to prepare teachers to perceive their students as complex beings who navigate in different contexts such as home, school and community. The authors conclude that the Teaching and Learning Together project at Bryn Mawr and Haverford Colleges provides structures, scaffolding, and support to build awareness among prospective teachers. Such support allows preservice teachers to acknowledge the complexity of the educational process and prepare themselves to be teachers who will embrace, and structure opportunities for their own students.
Updated: Nov. 05, 2017
Teachers’ Professional Knowledge for Teaching English as a Foreign Language: Assessing the Outcomes of Teacher Education
This paper offers a conceptualization and operationalization of the professional knowledge of future middle school teachers for teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL), whom the authors directly assessed using tests developed by the research group. The authors conclude that test score differences by phase and program as shown in this study are well aligned to certain priorities laid down in the initial teacher education curriculum. The authors consider this as evidence for the curricular validity of the tests. The authors suggest that the tests could be used to inform about learning progress of student teachers throughout their teacher preparation program.
Updated: Sep. 25, 2017
In this article, the author is talking about non-formal education. The goals, content, methods of teaching, ways of achievement measuring, and all the other aspects of non-formal education can differ widely. Also, teachers working in non-formal education can be very different from each other from many aspects, e.g., the training they got before starting any type of non-formal teaching. They can also be different if they had or still have any experience in mainstream education ('schooling'). We should pay much more attention to non-formal education than we did typically, i.e., without thinking that non-formal education would be better than formal education or the opposite. They are different, but based on the same roots. There are dozens of crucial issues such as What kinds of knowledge can be constructed in non-formal education?
Updated: Sep. 10, 2017
This article analyses data from two studies in English comprehensive schools, in which teachers were given research reports about teaching gifted and talented students, and supported over a 12-month period, to incorporate findings into practitioner research projects of their own devising. The findings revealed that the teachers used research in instrumental and strategic ways, but only very occasionally. More frequently, their use of research was conceptual. Within this category, research influenced what teachers thought about, and how they thought.
Updated: Aug. 30, 2017
This article explores the research practices used by teachers and their schools. It also investigates the value that teachers attribute to those research practices. In conclusion, this study reveals that teachers are interested in research and research practices and value these things even if they are unable to engage with them in their daily work.
Updated: Aug. 28, 2017
This study examined the support, instruction, coursework, discussions, field and clinical experiences, and critical reflection that took place within a precollegiate Urban Teaching Academy (UTA) magnet program located in a southeastern school district. Two major themes emerged with sub-themes undergirding each. The first theme of disparate program-based experiences highlighted the three unique structures each teacher implemented to expose their students to the realities of teaching, which included their emphasis—or lack thereof—on coursework and field and clinical experiences. The second theme of student reactions to their learning experiences expressed the three differentiated curricular experiences students encountered.
Updated: Aug. 13, 2017
Using Vygotsky’s Zone of Proximal Development to Propose and Test an Explanatory Model for Conceptualising Coteaching in Pre-service Science Teacher Education
In this study, coteaching between pre-service and in-service teachers is used to lessen the gap between theory and practice, to develop reflective practice and to develop pedagogical content knowledge. Explanatory frameworks have been proposed for coteaching. The authors also suggest that Vygotsky’s zone of proximal development helps to propose a more nuanced developmental and learning explanatory framework which provides pedagogical structures for implementation and highlights the importance of the social environment for learning.
Updated: Aug. 13, 2017
This paper presents a design for supporting theory–practice reflection in teacher practicums. This design is based on three design principles that promote a transformative stance towards the creation of novel pedagogical approaches: mutual transformation of theory and practice, co-design among supervising teachers, university lecturers and student teachers, and participating in the long-term development of pedagogical practices. The results show that the student teachers who participated in the thematic practicum used theory more frequently in their reflections. Moreover, their theory–practice connections were more robust than those made by student teachers who participated in the conventional practicum.
Updated: Jul. 09, 2017
The authors consider possibilities for further exploration of the research of practice and the practice of research in both initial and continuing teacher education. As both a theoretical and methodological challenge, this is tied recursively with research and practice in teacher education, for teacher educators, about teacher education. The authors draw on the theoretical resources of practice theories, to argue that teacher education practice must be informed by the study of the practice of teaching as well as research addressing the teaching of practice.
Updated: Jul. 05, 2017