Section archive - Programs & Practicum
Page 4/37 361 items
Toward More Inclusive Education: An Empirical Test of the Universal Design for Learning Conceptual Model Among Preservice Teacher
Universal Design for Learning (UDL) holds considerable promise to create inclusive educational environments. Nevertheless, the most recent theoretical UDL model, which includes both teachers’ philosophy and praxis of teaching, has never been tested empirically. Therefore, this study aims to validate the UDL model as a “whole” among preservice teachers. Results show that the three philosophical constructs of UDL predict the performance of preservice teachers’ practices associated with UDL. These constructs are growth mindset about learning, self-efficacy to implement inclusion, and self-regulation and motivation for teaching. Results also show that preservice teachers think and reason about UDL not as three separate principles (i.e., engagement, representation, action, and expression) but in an interrelated way as the analysis shows them to be a unidimensional factor. Finally, this article discusses the implications of a validated model on UDL for teacher-educators, practitioners, and researchers.
Updated: Aug. 22, 2021
Human-in-the-loop simulation is a valuable tool that can support novice teachers in learning how to lead classroom discussions. The authors ground their use of simulation in a theory of practice-based teacher education, examining how authenticity is theorized around approximations of practice. They then illustrate the use an approximation of practice approach, discussing guiding principles of project work in which novice teachers learn to facilitate small-group discussions with digitally simulated fifth-grade students. Several provocative vignettes illustrate the complexity of authenticity, suggesting additional theorization to help use authenticity as more a malleable attribute than as simulation’s end goal. One implication is that more study is needed, in the context of using virtual environments and humans in teacher education, addressing authenticity, participant perception of authenticity, and their interaction.
Updated: Aug. 20, 2021
In this case study, the authors explored how one college of education went about revising curricula across several programs; thereby disentangling multiple perspectives in order to address the needs of various external drivers as well as meeting faculty-driven needs. Informed by a conceptual framework undergirded by sociocultural theory and co/sense-making, findings from their study present a complicated view of the curricular revisioning process––offering evidence of both success and areas for continued improvement. Specifically, findings illustrate how faculty chose to mediate curricular revisioning tools; how faculty and college administration negotiated the aims and processes of curricular revisioning; and how (mis)communication among various participants intersected the work and shaped the perceptions of faculty and administration. Themes generated from their study provide lessons for others seeking to revise their teacher education curricula.
Updated: Aug. 10, 2021
As part of the requirements for Residency I, a clinical-based course to prepare undergraduates for teaching, teacher candidates (art, music, physical education, agriculture, English, history, math, and science) participated in ATLAS video case analysis activities to examine the instructional strategies of accomplished teachers. Before watching the videos, candidates read lesson summaries and created possible questions to promote student discussion and higher-level thinking. Through peer group discussions, reflection questions, and interviews, candidates explained how the accomplished teachers 1) incorporated higher-order thinking questions; 2) probed and guided student thinking; 3) encouraged peer-to-peer interactions; 4) gave oral feedback; 5) provided wait time after questioning students; and 6) created classroom environments conducive to the use of questioning strategies. After the video case analysis activities, many candidates chose to revise their original questions to emulate the types of questions used by the accomplished teachers in the videos.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2021
Evidence-Based Practice in Teacher Education: The Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Practical Knowledge
European educational reforms call for the implementation of evidence-based teaching (EBT) in universities. Based on the evidence-based research paradigm in medical education, this study investigates the relationship between teacher educators' research experience, practical knowledge, self-efficacy beliefs, and frequency of EBT implementation. The authors report on survey data from N = 243 teacher educators from Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. A set of mediation analyses were run to identify the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs and practical knowledge in the interplay among teacher educators' research experience and frequency of research evidence implementation. The results indicate that self-efficacy beliefs are a strong predictor of how frequently teacher educators implement EBT. Implications about the role of self-efficacy beliefs in teacher educators' professional learning and development along with future steps that are necessary to increase the implementation of EBT practices in teacher education will be discussed.
Updated: Jul. 29, 2021
Teaching and Learning with Others: Situated Encounters in Service Learning among Pre-Service Teachers
This ethnographic case study looks at the emerging teacher identities of pre-service teachers by examining their service learning experiences in a literacy programme for pre-school children from an urban poor community in the Philippines. Specifically, constructs of teacher’s roles, understandings of the goals of education, sense of self-efficacy, and identification to the teaching profession are explored from their situated encounters in a literacy programme. The relevance of reflection and mentoring during the teaching-learning process of service learning is likewise considered. Thematic analysis of observation notes, submitted portfolios, and interview transcripts revealed how pre-service teachers can learn more about themselves and their pivotal role in society particularly when their service learning is deliberately oriented towards social justice. Such findings on these situated encounters in service learning can provide valuable insights as to how a social justice approach to service learning is important to curriculum design and implementation of teacher education.
Updated: Jul. 28, 2021
The present research demonstrates initial evidence of validity of a model of pedagogical practice for teacher educators, the Pre-Service Teacher Motivation Model, which is conceptually based in self-determination theory. The study deployed a survey comprising items constituting the proposed model’s factors, and measures of satisfaction of basic psychological needs and teacher self-efficacy, which were completed by pre-service teachers (N = 402) in two independent cohorts (n = 185; n = 217). The final model comprised three factors, Relational Dynamics, Student-Centered Organization, and Connected Learning. The findings are evidence of the model’s potential utility as a tool for informing the design of learning and teaching, and reflective practices in teacher education.
Updated: Jul. 27, 2021
Results of Practice-Based Professional Development for Supporting Special Educators in Learning How to Design Functional Assessment–Based Interventions
Content-focused practice-based professional development (PBPD) with active learning is one avenue to support teachers in learning new strategies, practices, and programs. This type of professional development moves away from traditional lectures. In this descriptive study, the authors used a pre–post group design to examine the extent to which a PBPD was effective in teaching participants how to design, implement, and evaluate functional assessment–based interventions. Results indicate participants increased perceived knowledge, confidence, and usefulness and made gains in actual knowledge. The authors conclude with implications, limitations, and suggestions for research and practice.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Supporting Pre-Service Teachers in Becoming Reflective Practitioners Using Conversation and Professional Standards
A significant goal of teacher education is to support the development of reflective practitioners. This intention, however, is not easily achieved when after-the-fact recall and reporting are key features of pre-service teacher learning rather than critique and contemplation. This research reports on a small-scale pilot study evaluating a novel approach to help pre-service teachers develop reflective skills in order to both understand and address the requirements of the profession. The approach involved a set of Conversation Cards with a series of question-based prompts directly linked to the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers (APSTs) and designed to enhance reflective conversations. Focus group interview discussions unveiled the surprising ways in which the pre-service teachers used the question prompts, not only as tools for reflection but for planning lessons and preparing for professional discussions with mentors. This research provides insight into a creative and meaningful approach for integrating reflection, professional standards and classroom practice through professional experience.
Updated: Jun. 24, 2021
Learning to teach across the boundary: A cultural historical activity theory perspective on a university-school partnership in Vietnam
Featuring a fundamental component in initial teacher education (ITE), the practicum also presents pre-service teachers (PSTs) with challenges arising in the process of crossing the boundary between the university and school. This paper draws on the Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) to analyse case study data on a university-school partnership in Vietnam. Findings reveal a ‘separatist’ partnership, characterised by marked division of labour, and insufficient communication between the partners. In light of CHAT, the paper offers a renewed understanding of partnership, whereby contradictions are viewed as valuable for learning as consistent ideas and values held by the partners.
Updated: Jun. 23, 2021