Section archive - Programs & Practicum
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This article aims to present a systematic review of research studies on school practicum to identify the main critical points and also provide a wider perspective to the researchers in the field. The findings reveal that many of the reviewed studies take pre-service teachers as their main participants. Furthermore, the authors examined the main issues that emerged regarding mentoring. This article also found that many practicum studies are relatively small-scale studies since they are mainly qualitative focused and findings derived from a relatively small sample.
Updated: Jul. 12, 2018
Preparing Teachers for Success with English Language Learners: Challenges and Opportunities for University TESOL Education
The study examines the role that university English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) programs play in shaping inservice teachers’ work with English Language Learners (ELLs). The findings reveal that the ESOL endorsement program contributed positively to Wheatland Elementary teachers’ preparation for their transition to becoming a district ESL site. The results show that there was an increase in an appreciation of the use of students’ first language to facilitate comprehension of content and promote bilingualism. These results suggest that well-planned university programs influence even very experienced teachers and those who may be ambivalent toward ESOL endorsement mandates, and policies that limit the requirements for those seeking state ESOL endorsement may be ill advised.
Updated: May. 16, 2018
What English/Language Arts Teacher Candidates Learn During Coursework and Practica: A Study of Three Teacher Education Programs
This study examines what students in three different university teacher education programs report having learned from the range of influences encountered during their studies and related field experiences. The findings demonstrate that although the three programs have different structures and processes, the participants reported very similar learning, yet with variations following from their program structures. The authors conclude that teacher candidate's developing conception of effective instruction is mediated by their previous experiences in schools as students, the structure of their teacher education program, their cultural and social backgrounds, their various field-based experiences, and the students, teachers, and faculty involved in teacher preparation.
Updated: Apr. 22, 2018
Impact of an In-service Training in Neurocognitive Insights on Teacher Stress, Teacher Professionalism and Teacher Student Relationships
The present study explores the impact of a training in neurocognitive insights on teachers’ stress. The authors found that the training had a significant impact on the stress experienced by teachers in their professional and personal functioning. The participants experienced less stress, more confidence and less impulsiveness. Furthermore, the participants showed a greater awareness of functioning, state of mind and stress, as well as clear prefrontal attitudes. The participants also mentioned changes within themselves and their professional environment. They indicated that teacher–student relationships were improved and unwanted or problematic students’ behavior was decreased.
Updated: Mar. 11, 2018
Motivation and Commitment: Pre-Service Teachers from Hong Kong and Mainland China at a Training Institute in Hong Kong
This study examined the motivation to teach and the commitment to teaching among prospective student teachers from mainland China and their Hong Kong counterparts. The findings suggest that the individuals’ commitment to teaching was mediated by immediate contextual factors, closely related to their imagined teaching identity. These factors were also shaped by their socio-economic backgrounds, and constructed by social discourses on teachers and the teaching profession. The authors conclude that this research sheds lights on how to sustain non-local prospective student teachers’ motivation to teach and commitment to teaching. This study also highlights how to ensure their full participation in teaching practices after graduation, and how to retain young qualified teachers in the teaching profession, in educational settings elsewhere.
Updated: Feb. 22, 2018
Social Studies Teacher Education in the Early Twentieth Century: A Historical Inquiry Into the Relationship Between Teacher Preparation and Curriculum Reform
The present study examines how teacher education programs contributed and/or responded to the emergence of social studies as a school subject in the early part of the twentieth century. The authors argue that the data reveal some longstanding assumptions about the development of the social studies field. For instance, there was little agreement among subject matter and education specialists regarding what constituted the social studies curriculum. Hence, there was little agreement on what social studies teachers and students needed to know. However, this little agreement suggests that disarray in the social studies field may have been as much a function of disorder in the realm of teacher education as it was of conflict among national committees. The authors conclude that the current study represents first efforts in a pursuit of understanding the historical connection of teacher education and curriculum reform.
Updated: Feb. 22, 2018
The Effect of Teacher Education Programs on Future Elementary Mathematics Teachers’ Knowledge: A Five Country Analysis Using TEDS-M Data
This study examined the associations between teacher preparation components and the knowledge of teaching candidates based on data from the TEDS-M study. The findings reveal that the number of mathematics content courses taken has an effect on teaching candidates’ level of MCK in three countries. Specifically, the authors found that taking courses in discrete structure and logic had an effect on MCK in Chinese Taipei, Spain, and Switzerland. Furthermore, they found that taking courses in continuity and functions had an effect on MCK in Chinese Taipei, Switzerland, and the USA.
Updated: Feb. 14, 2018
Preparing Teacher-Students for Twenty-First-Century Learning Practices (PREP 21): A Framework for Enhancing Collaborative Problem-Solving and Strategic Learning Skills
The purpose of this paper is describe the authors' pedagogical framework for the twenty-first-century learning practices in teacher education. The authors argue that teacher education has been challenged by the need to enhance the new teachers’ ability to implement new pedagogical approaches and take advantage of ICT for teaching and learning. Since the current way of working in teacher education does not match well enough the needs of twenty-first-century learning environments, such as inquiry-based learning approaches that focus upon collaboration and social forms of learning, as well as the use of ICT. According to the authors' approach, pre-service teachers are educated in a way they are supposed to teach their future students.
Updated: Feb. 14, 2018
This study examines the development, description, and illustration of inherent requirement (IR) statements in relation to the professional practice component of an initial teacher education (ITE) course. The authors used consultative group processes with stakeholders involved in ITE to identify seven IR domains. Furthermore, they used interviews with academics to develop first-person narratives and to illustrate pre-service teachers’ performance in complex professional practice scenarios. Then, university staff and pre-service teachers rated the narratives in relation to three of the IR domains. In conclusion, the authors believe that these narratives have potential to exemplify the IR, to develop understanding of professional practice performance requirements for pre-service teachers and to assist the decision-making of teacher educators.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2018
Impact of Short-term Study Abroad Program: Inservice Teachers' Development of Intercultural Competence and Pedagogical Beliefs
In this study, the authors examined the design of a short-term study abroad program for inservice teachers and the impact of the program on both teachers’ intercultural competence development and their teaching beliefs and practices. The authors conclude that study abroad programs offer a unique opportunity for teachers to develop intercultural competency and teaching beliefs through intercultural immersion experiences. They also emphasize that teacher educators interested in integrating study abroad programs in professional development programs need to design intentional and meaningful integration of cultural experiences, teaching opportunities, language learning, reflection, and collaboration.
Updated: Oct. 24, 2017