Section archive - Mentoring & Supervision
Page 1/29 283 items
The significance of mentor–mentee relationship quality for student teachers' well-being and flourishing during practical field experiences: a longitudinal analysis
To support student teachers' well-being and ensure that they flourish during teacher education, it is necessary to examine the relationship between student teachers and their mentors during field experiences. Previous research has identified a connection between the quality of the mentor–mentee relationship and facets of student teachers' well-being. However, to date, this link has been insufficiently corroborated using longitudinal empirical data. This study aims to investigate the impact of mentor–mentee relationship quality on the well-being and flourishing of student teachers. A cross-lagged panel design with two intervals (six weeks apart) was applied during a 15-week field experience with a sample of 125 German student teachers. Well-being and flourishing were captured using the positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning, achievement (PERMA) framework. Relationship quality was assessed by adapting a questionnaire from the field of mentoring in medicine. The study found that relationship quality at the outset significantly predicted all five PERMA dimensions at the end of the assessment period. The impact of relationship quality was especially strong on the dimensions of relationships (R) and meaning (M). Conversely, the PERMA dimensions (except achievement) did not significantly impact relationship quality.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Mentoring plays a critical role in providing a quality professional experience for pre-service teachers in their initial teacher education. There have been numerous studies about pre-service teacher mentoring, yet actual mentoring practice still remains varied and poorly understood. Consequently, there is a need for mentoring processes that can enhance graduate teacher quality. In response to this call, this study aims to elucidate an understanding of how mentoring is operationalized, as perceived by the teacher mentor. Semi-structured interviews, with experienced teacher mentors, provided understanding on mentoring practices used within differing school contexts. These findings increase our understanding of actual mentoring processes that are used during the different phases of support for the preservice teachers. Understanding how the mentor–mentee relationship is operationalized has implications for supporting and enhancing quality mentoring experiences.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Analyzing Mentor Narratives of Reflective Practice: A Case for Supporting Adult Learning in Hungarian Initial Teacher Education
In this paper, the authors outline findings from a research project on mentor teachers’ conceptualizations and strategies of mentoring novice teachers for reflective practice. The study was conducted with the aim to explore the qualitatively different ways in which mentor teachers conceive of mentoring for reflective practice and also how they translate this into actual mentoring strategies. They interviewed 10 senior mentor teachers who are certified mentors at Hungarian primary and secondary schools. The transcripts were analyzed using a phenomenographic approach. Mentor teachers were found to oscillate between fragmented and cohesive conceptions of mentoring for teaching with varying levels of integrating the notion of reflective practice and addressing mentees as adult learners. Based on the results a structure of conceptualizations and strategies was created.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Examining Diverse Perspectives of edTPA Policy Implementation Across States: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
Since 2009, the Educative Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA) has been rapidly implemented as a policy tool for strengthening teacher professionalization across the United States. However, its national assimilation has become a target for both praise and critique among teacher educators. In this article, the authors examine such diverse perspectives. Highlighting the sensemaking of administrators, faculty, staff, and teacher candidates (n = 75) across eight teacher preparation programs (TPPs) in two states, they examine how they have responded to varied edTPA policy designs and program contexts. Results show that both policy design and programmatic differences influence how these stakeholders have perceived and implemented edTPA—either as a framework for inquiry or compliance. In the process, they contend that edTPA has many promises and pitfalls as a scalable policy tool for preparing and assessing future teachers.
Updated: Jun. 24, 2021
Thriving, not just surviving: The impact of teacher mentors on pre-service teachers in disadvantaged school contexts
This study explores the perceptions held by nine mentor teachers from four Australian secondary schools about the impact they have on pre-service teachers during professional placement. Using Fraser’s (2000, 2005, 2008) social justice framework as a theoretical lens, this paper examines what can be learnt from these teacher mentors about mentoring in disadvantaged school contexts. These mentor teachers felt their most significant impact was in shaping pre-service teachers’ awareness and responsiveness to contextual factors so that they could not only fulfil professional experience requirements, but also be better prepared for potential future teaching opportunities in disadvantaged school contexts.
Updated: Jun. 17, 2021
This study aims to better understand the role of mentor teacher–mediated experiences in preservice teachers (PTs)’ progress toward the vision of teaching advocated by their programs. Data were collected from multiple cohorts of preservice science teachers at two university-based teacher preparation programs. Employing a qualitative, multiple case study approach, a total of 35 cases were analyzed focusing on the quality of mentor teacher–mediated experiences (i.e., modeling program-advocated vision of teaching, supporting PTs’ experimentation, and providing feedback), and its relationship to PTs’ progress over time. The analyses show that mentor teachers’ supportiveness for PTs’ experimentation played a critical role in facilitating PTs’ desirable changes. Well-structured experimentation created conditions for PTs to notice, leverage, and expand students’ sense-making repertoires in classrooms. Mentors’ modeling of program-recommended practices was not necessarily related to PTs’ progress. This study raises questions about prevalent perceptions of a good mentor teacher as someone who models program-recommended practices.
Updated: Jun. 03, 2021
Tutors have an important teaching role in higher education (HE), but rarely receive professional development beyond one-off generic workshops or seminars. Any feedback on their teaching is typically in the form of an evaluation, rather than focussed on enhancing tutors’ teaching practice. To address this gap, the authors devised a professional development programme that incorporated video-recorded observations, informal student feedback, self-reflection, and peer mentoring. Twelve tutors and six mentors participated in the programme. Data included focus group interviews and audio-recorded meetings between mentors and tutors. Benefits to tutors included enhanced self-reflection, collegiality, increased confidence in teaching ability, and positive outcomes for their students’ learning. The interdisciplinary pairing of tutors and mentors resulted in dialogue that was non-evaluative, supportive, and collegial. The authors argue that video-recorded observations combined with peer mentoring and student feedback can enhance teaching quality by providing tutors with contextual, relevant, and individualised professional development.
Updated: May. 15, 2021
Mentoring of newly qualified teachers in early childhood education and care centres: Individual or organizational orientation?
The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss contrasting perceptions regarding “leadership and mentoring” among leaders of Norwegian early childhood education and care (ECEC) centres in their mentoring practices with newly qualified early childhood teachers (NQTs). Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with eight leaders in Norwegian ECEC centres. Leaders in dual roles as leaders and mentors have varying orientations in mentoring NQTs. The paper presents the findings as two main orientations: an individual and an organizational orientation. Individually oriented leaders as mentors focus on individual needs and support of the NQT. Organizationally oriented leaders as mentors emphasize collective reflection and learning in the staff group and include NQTs in various learning processes in the ECEC centre. The study contributes to increased knowledge on how leaders’ views on leadership and organization influence their mentoring with NQTs. The study is relevant for leaders in other educational settings such as schools.
Updated: Feb. 17, 2021
Mentoring as meaningful professional development: The influence of mentoring on in-service teachers' identity and practice
Within teacher education, many experienced in-service teachers routinely mentor pre-service teachers during teaching practicums. Notwithstanding the benefits pre-service teachers are meant to experience from these mentor–protégé relationships and experiences, recent research has demonstrated that mentors, too, may experience some (oftentimes unintended) potential benefits. The purpose of this paper is to further investigate such potential benefits within a Canadian secondary school physical education (PE) context. The researchers employed a qualitative case study methodology. The three primary data sources included field observations/notes, journals and interviews. The mentor teachers viewed the mentor–protégé relationship/experience as meaningful professional development, recognizing that it approximated a professional learning community. Relatedly, the mentor teachers experienced professional growth with respect to their own teaching identity and teaching practice.
Updated: Feb. 09, 2021
The purpose of this paper is to identify the negative coping strategies used by pre-service teachers who struggle to cope in a school placement in Melbourne, Australia, highlighting the importance of providing quality mentorship. A mixed-methods approach was used for the analysis of pre-service teachers’ coping on a teaching practicum and to identify common related beliefs. A total of 177 pre-service teachers, who have completed at least one supervised practicum participated in this study. The Coping Scale for Adults second edition (CSA-2) was administered alongside an open-ended questionnaire to identify frequently used coping styles and associated thoughts and beliefs. The results show that pre-service teachers who favour non-productive coping strategies were more likely to express feelings of loneliness, pointed at poor communication with their mentor and described thoughts about leaving the teaching profession.
Updated: Feb. 04, 2021