Section archive - Multiculturalism & Diversity
Page 1/23 228 items
Pre-service and in-service teachers’ professional learning through the pedagogical exchange of ideas during a teaching abroad experience
This study explores the professional learning of ten pre-service teachers from Hong Kong and ten host teachers in a school in China who participated in a teaching abroad project. The participants’ professional learning during the project is conceptualised within five knowledge domains of quality teaching for the twenty-first century: personal, contextual, pedagogical, sociological and social. The findings suggest that by immersing pre-service teachers in an unfamiliar teaching environment, they can learn professional knowledge for teaching in an increasingly complex world. This complements the knowledge they are acquiring in their domestic courses and practicums. Furthermore, through the pedagogical exchange of ideas, the host teachers are also found to benefit. The authors recommend that teaching abroad opportunities be included in initial teacher education (ITE) programmes and that host teachers’ professional learning are considered in their development.
Updated: Jul. 28, 2021
Exploring epistemologies: deepening pre-service teachers’ ways of knowing through international professional experience
This study utilised institutional ethnography to inquire into the lived experiences of 15 Australian pre-service teachers (PSTs) who completed an international professional experience in Indonesia. The PSTs were privy to a unique cultural experience, one grounded in an epistemological stance that differed considerably from their own. Despite completing substantial pre-service teacher education coursework prior to travelling to Indonesia, the PSTs became more acutely aware of how school students, teachers, and community members may operate from varied ways of knowing. As such, in this article the authors argue that international professional experiences have the possibility to guide PSTs towards newer and deeper explorations of epistemologies, a process of paramount importance in preparing future teachers to work effectively and appropriately in diverse classrooms.
Updated: Jul. 28, 2021
Teacher educators’ perspectives on preparing student teachers to work with pupils who speak languages beyond English
This article reports on a mixed-methods study investigating teacher educators’ views on their role in preparing future teachers to work effectively with multilingual children. A survey was conducted with 62 teacher educators who have responsibility for inclusion or English as an Additional Language (EAL) teacher training, which was followed up with a series of semi-structured interviews. Key findings suggest that there may be a mismatch between the perceptions of teacher educators and newly qualified teachers, as the vast majority of the participants reported that they were either confident or very confident about teaching student teachers how to teach EAL children. Additional themes explored were related to concerns over a performativity culture in education, and to balancing linguistic diversity training alongside other pressing priorities in initial teacher education.
Updated: Jul. 27, 2021
Exploring elementary teacher self-efficacy and teacher beliefs: are we preparing teachers to teach culturally diverse students?
As student demographics continue to change in countries across the world, questions remain as to how well teacher education programmes are training teachers to teach students who are culturally diverse from their teacher. Preservice teachers (N = 523) from six different teacher education programs across one state in the U.S. completed a teacher self-efficacy scale used to determine their beliefs about teaching culturally diverse students at the end of their training and again after their first year of teaching. Teacher education programme descriptions across six programs suggested programs are provided and it was determined that these varied in their structure and in required coursework. Furthermore, findings revealed statistically significant differences across programs. Generally, preservice teachers rated their capability to teach diverse students as “adequate” to “well” on a five-point Likert scale. Scores dropped after one year of teaching full-time. However, these differences in mean scores as participants moved from the preservice to the inservice stage were not statistically significant. These findings suggest that teacher self-efficacy to teach culturally diverse students remain fairly stable as teachers make this critical transition so the work done at the teacher training stage is critical. Recommendations and implications for teacher education programs are provided.
Updated: Jul. 20, 2021
This study, based on a corpus of interviews with student primary school teachers engaged in a two-year programme of initial teacher education in France, investigates their readiness to meet the challenges of the multicultural classroom. Their attitudes towards the cultural and linguistic diversity of their classrooms, and their capacity to go beyond simply ‘managing’ the situation are analysed. The results suggest that without major changes in approach at the levels of teacher education, schools administration and within schools themselves; the rich possibilities to develop positive attitudes to inclusion and interculturality offered by the presence of plurilingual and pluricultural children in primary school classrooms will continue to be overlooked.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Student teachers’ beliefs about diversity: analysing the impact of a ‘diversity week’ during Initial Teacher Education
This article reports findings from a week of enrichment placements framed around ‘diversity’ within a secondary Initial Teacher Education (ITE) programme in England. The authors outline the demographics of the county – a largely rural, White county in the East Midlands of England – and describe the challenges this presents for ITE. A mixed-methods approach was used to study student teachers’ (n = 56) beliefs about diversity, generating data through: pre- and post-survey of beliefs and attitudes; student-created reflective videos; journaling; and one pre- and post-diversity week interview. The findings reveal shifts in student teachers’ perceptions about gender, race and sexuality, and these attitudinal shifts were more significant in those attending all week than those attending only the first day. This is particularly interesting because for some topics the only formal input was on the first day, and so the authors argue for the importance of time and space for creative reflection in beginning teachers’ professional development.
Updated: Jun. 23, 2021
Gender Differences in Stressors and Coping Strategies Among Teacher Education Students at University of Ghana
This study explored gender differences in stressors experienced by teacher education students at the University of Ghana, and adaptation stratagems they might utilise to manage stress. In 2018–2019 academic year, a total of two hundred and seventy (270) second- and third-year students were selected using random sampling procedure to respond to closed-ended and open-ended questions in a survey questionnaire. The questionnaire was to measure stressors students encounter and to measure students’ coping stratagems they might use to minimise their stress levels (Folkman & Lazarus, 1984). The findings show that the students use multiple strategies, such as praying/meditating and self-distracting activities to cope with stress. Although, females had higher overall perceived stress levels regarding encountered academic stressors and health stressors, the difference between genders was insignificant. Similarly, females had a higher perception of stress from psychosocial stressors when likened to males, however, the difference between genders was also insignificant. Regarding perceived coping stratagems, females utilised adaptive coping stratagems whilst males utilised maladaptive and avoidance coping stratagems although the difference between genders was also not significant. The study recommended among others that males be urged to likewise utilise increasingly adaptive strategies to control strain.
Updated: Dec. 03, 2020
Increasingly across the world, teachers are working with diverse groups of learners in inclusive school settings, as inclusion is seen as a strategy to promote social cohesion, citizenship and a more equitable society. Countries working towards this vision need to emphasise more effective teacher education programmes and systems that focus on enabling teachers to engage in inclusive practice in order to provide high-quality education for all learners. The purpose of this paper was to cast a light on different views of how to prepare teacher students for work in inclusive school settings. The aim is to gain knowledge and understanding of the organisation of initial teacher education at the University of Iceland.
Updated: Nov. 01, 2020
Despite their increasing population, many teacher preparation programs have yet to provide adequate preparation for teaching Emergent Bilinguals (EBs). To respond to this situation and to the high demand for effective teachers of EBs, the authors investigated how preservice teachers (PSTs) adapt mathematics lesson plans for EBs. Twenty-one secondary mathematics PSTs, enrolled in two university-based programs, participated in this study and developed lesson plans for EBs. The authors’ analysis revealed that although the PSTs frequently implemented visuals and group work strategies for EBs, they need to better integrate EBs’ funds of knowledge and academic language support.
Updated: Sep. 13, 2020
This article offers one example of an English as a Second Language literacy methods course that built preservice teachers’ understanding of and experiences with diverse language communities. Tara Yosso’s Community Cultural Wealth (CCW) framework provided a theoretical lens for the course and guided the preservice teachers’ teaching and reflections. The preservice teachers engaged in various activities that included literacy teaching, visiting places in their students’ communities, learning their students’ language, and creating narrative videos with the students and their families. The findings from this course show how the CCW framework can be a constructive method for identifying community assets when combined with a variety of activities for preservice teachers to engage with students and their families.
Updated: Sep. 09, 2020