Section archive - Preservice Teachers
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Barriers and supports to nutrition education in the early childhood classroom are most often presented from in-service teachers’ perspective. Little work has been done to understand pre-service early childhood educators’ perceptions of barriers and supports before entering the classroom. The purpose of this study was to identify early childhood pre-service teachers’ perceived barriers and supports to nutrition education. Using phenomenology, eleven in-depth telephone interviews were conducted with early childhood pre-service teachers from two public universities in North Carolina. Three major themes were revealed: (1) identification of barriers and supports, (2) individual perceptions of nutrition education and the potential influence of barriers and supports, and (3) educational background and training. Pre-service teachers reported human resources (e.g. colleagues, collaborators, administrators), resource availability (materials, time), and policy constraints as anticipated barriers and/or supports. Participants’ perceptions of how they would experience barriers and supports in practice varied, but teachers were generally positive about their ability to overcome potential barriers and obtain needed support. Implications and recommendations for teacher-education programs and the early childhood field are discussed. Relevant pre-service trainings, integration of nutrition education into curriculum, and development of teacher self-efficacy are needed to prepare teachers to navigate barriers and supports in early childhood education.
Updated: Apr. 11, 2022
Effect of students' emotional and behavioral disorder and pre-service teachers’ stress on judgments in a simulated class
The authors investigated the influence of students' emotional and behavioral disorder (EBD) on pre-service teachers' judgments, while considering the frequency of calling on students as a mediator and stress as moderator. They conducted an experiment in a simulated classroom. 56 pre-service teachers went through a stress manipulation, while N = 46 were not stressed. Path analyses controlling for actual performance showed negative effects of EBD on participants’ judgments and an indirect effect via call frequency. Stressed participants called on students with EBD as often as students without EBD, while unstressed participants called on students with EBD more.
Updated: Mar. 10, 2022
This qualitative action research project examined preservice teachers’ conceptions of teacher leadership. Through an analysis of preservice teachers’ writings in a graduate-level teacher leadership course, students’ beliefs about the power of teacher leaders emerged. Findings revealed that novice teachers most often identified the scope of leadership as focused in classrooms and schools, while identifying curriculum and instructional decision-making and peer collaboration as the key actions taken by teacher leaders. Barriers to teacher leadership were most often described as administrators and policymakers. Regardless of the scope of influence or actions taken by teacher leaders, the primary purpose of teacher leadership overwhelming reflected a desire to address socioeconomic inequalities through educational change.
Updated: Mar. 08, 2022
‘Those who fail should not be teachers’: Pre-service Teachers’ Understandings of Failure and Teacher Identity Development
Personal experiences and histories shape teacher identities to a great extent. In the domain of personal experience, however, little is known about how experiences of failure shape the process of becoming a teacher. Gaining this insight, however, is important as failure may define teachers and their work, which can further undermine their resilience. This study examines how 45 pre-service subject teachers make sense of failure with regards to their identity as teachers. The findings reveal various understandings of failure, from both learner and teacher perspective and pre-service teachers’ understanding that the relation between learner and teacher failure is inextricable. Failure is seen as a non-dismissible aspect in their future work as teachers. These findings suggest that experiences and resulting understandings of failure need to be acknowledged as a vital component of teacher education pedagogies in order to assist pre-service teachers in the development of their teacher identity.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2022
Being a student, becoming a teacher: The wellbeing of pre-service language teachers in Austria and the UK
This paper reports on a study designed to investigate the wellbeing of 14 pre-service language teachers from Austria and the UK. Data were generated through in-depth semi-structured interviews which were analysed following principles of Grounded Theory (Charmaz, 2006). The data were compared across the two settings and the analysis revealed a number of individual but also systemic ecological factors that play a role in the pre-service teachers’ wellbeing. These factors include time management, work-life balance, relationships, finding purpose and meaning, the structure of study programs, as well as the status of teaching and the specific language in each respective society.
Updated: Feb. 08, 2022
Examining how early childhood preservice teacher funds of knowledge shapes pedagogical decision making
Preservice teachers (PSTs) must learn to approach curriculum and pedagogy in a socially just way. Descriptive examination of early childhood PSTs’ personal funds of knowledge is crucial to inform preparation programs. Drawing on a study that investigated subjectivities of and conceptualization of culture held by PSTs in rural Midwest (USA), this paper specifically focuses on teaching in the early years. The author argues that PSTs personal funds of knowledge serve as a main catalyst for pedagogical decision making. Majority of PSTs express the need to examine hegemony, privilege, and bias yet struggle to be pedagogical agents of change in practice.
Updated: Feb. 06, 2022
This study aims to explore Finnish pre-service teachers' self-efficacy in implementing inclusive education and their resilience. Survey data were collected from 105 pre-service teachers studying in a teacher education programme in one university in Finland. The relationships between pre-service teachers' self-efficacy in implementing inclusive practices, their perceived resilience, and background variables were examined using structural equation modelling. The results confirmed a three-factor structure for self-efficacy in implementing inclusive practices among the pre-service teachers. In addition, pre-service teachers’ self-efficacy was the strongest variable that related to their resilience. The findings would be beneficial for developing pre- and in-service teacher education.
Updated: Feb. 06, 2022
“I've got something to tell you. I'm dyslexic”: The lived experiences of trainee teachers with dyslexia
Literature has explored the placement experiences of primary school trainee teachers with dyslexia but there is a scarcity of research on secondary school trainees or university-based experiences. This study examined the experiences of three primary and four secondary school trainees with dyslexia, encompassing both their university and placement-based experiences in England. This research highlighted the similarities in experience across training in a primary and a secondary school but found there are specific challenges associated with training to teach at secondary school level. We also captured the strengths trainees brought to the profession. Implications for initial teacher education providers are discussed.
Updated: Jan. 13, 2022
This article examines the phenomenon of failure in a Bachelor of Education practicum from the perspectives of preservice teachers. Utilizing a phenomenological theoretical framework and methodology, the perspectives of four preservice teachers are shared. The data were drawn from practicum reports, field notes, interviews, and student teacher questionnaires. Analysis of the findings reveals how insufficient content knowledge, inadequate planning, and avoidance of difficult discussions lead to failure. Further analysis of the sequence of events leading up to the failure reveals the significance of clear and authentic communication in the early days of the placement. Although the four preservice teachers struggled with failure, they also demonstrated resilience in their quest to become teachers. The authors conclude with six essential questions that help to mitigate failure.
Updated: Jan. 04, 2022
Teach as I Say, Not as I Do: How Preservice Teachers Made Sense of the Mismatch between How They Were Expected to Teach and How They Were Taught in Their Professional Training Program
A challenge for teacher educators is providing preservice teachers with the opportunity to develop the confidence and efficacy required to address their future students’ socio-cultural, academic, and social-emotional needs in this era of standardization, accountability, and limited resources. This case study investigated this issue by examining how a sample of preservice teachers made sense of how their coursework supported them in becoming teachers who center their practices on the needs and interests of their current and future students while attending to policymakers’ reforms. By analyzing the findings of this study, it becomes apparent that these preservice teachers questioned whether the coursework in their program supported their development in becoming classroom teachers in a manner that reflected how their instructors expected them to teach their students. Interpreting these findings provides insight into how teacher educators and their programs can better support preservice teachers’ confidence and efficacy as they enter their future classrooms.
Updated: Jan. 03, 2022