Source: Teachers College Record, Volume 111 Number 12, 2009.
Context: This study addresses recent changes in professional development policy, practice, and theory, in which professional development has increasingly become continual, collaborative, and school based. The authors consider both traditional notions of structure and content as well as context in developing a more complete understanding of professional development for today’s teachers.
Research Design: The authors conducted case studies of professional development in three elementary schools with varying levels of pressure to make adequate yearly progress. Although these three school sites operated within the same federal, state, and district policy contexts, the school contexts varied considerably. The authors focused in particular on professional development around short constructed responses, a form of paragraph writing required for the state exam.
Conclusions: The authors argue that school leadership, culture, and resources, as well as the structure and content of professional development, filter policy initiatives before they ultimately shape teacher learning experiences. Although high-stakes accountability policies increased the quantity of professional development, the quality of teacher learning opportunities depended on the context in which it was delivered.