In this study, the authors explore how pre-service teachers who were introduced to a framework for analyzing teaching in a video-based teacher education course. The authors drew on this tool to analyze their own practice after the conclusion of the course. The findings reveal that providing pre-service teachers with tools to analyze teaching can support them in learning to systematically study teaching and learning. In addition, the authors identified the ways that participants construct substantive analyses that meet this criteria. Moreover, they identified alternative approaches participants use for analyzing practice.