Based on a conceptual framework applying recent research knowledge, this study investigates the relationships between teacher participation in school-based professional development and its individual and school contextual antecedents and effects on teachers and teaching in the context of mainland China.
A total of 1506 secondary school teachers responded to a questionnaire survey.
The results show that teachers’ willingness to attend teaching research activities and supportive principal leadership facilitated teacher participation.
Among the three dimensions of teacher participation, it was collective lesson planning and teacher collegiality, not the frequency of participation, that improved teacher efficacy and the adoption of desirable teaching strategies.
These results enrich the knowledge about the characteristics and effectiveness of teacher professional development in China.
The implications of the findings are discussed.