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Teach as I Say, Not as I Do: How Preservice Teachers Made Sense of the Mismatch between How They Were Expected to Teach and How They Were Taught in Their Professional Training Program
A challenge for teacher educators is providing preservice teachers with the opportunity to develop the confidence and efficacy required to address their future students’ socio-cultural, academic, and social-emotional needs in this era of standardization, accountability, and limited resources. This case study investigated this issue by examining how a sample of preservice teachers made sense of how their coursework supported them in becoming teachers who center their practices on the needs and interests of their current and future students while attending to policymakers’ reforms. By analyzing the findings of this study, it becomes apparent that these preservice teachers questioned whether the coursework in their program supported their development in becoming classroom teachers in a manner that reflected how their instructors expected them to teach their students. Interpreting these findings provides insight into how teacher educators and their programs can better support preservice teachers’ confidence and efficacy as they enter their future classrooms.
Updated: Jan. 03, 2022
Considering Implications for Self and Institutions in Navigating Transitions in Teacher Education Administration
Three mid-career teacher educators, each of whom involuntarily served as mid-level administrators are now in the similar position of having left those roles. Each has a different story to tell and they come from very different institutions, yet find themselves experiencing many of the same issues and frustrations. This collaborative self-study was an intentional study of and reflection on how their administrative roles impacted or changed their perspectives on teacher education in general and how it changed them each personally. The weight of the role had lasting implications for their personal and professional selves. Their reflective journals, weekly online meetings, and responses to each other’s experiences resulted in findings that can inform the work of others in similar positions or circumstances. Those findings, while both similar and distinct, reveal enough commonality that the authors, as teacher educators often placed in positions of leadership, must consider the implications for their practice, their students, their scholarship community, and themselves.
Updated: Dec. 28, 2021
Although there is substantial research documenting the impact of department heads in higher education, there is a significant gap in the literature examining the role of program coordinators. This self-study explores how two teacher educators navigated the opportunities and costs of coordinating their respective programs, literacy education and elementary education. The data revealed three themes consistent across the coordinators: stakeholder and engagement, collaboration, and policy and power. Implications for leaders in higher education are discussed including the importance of revising evaluation tools to reflect the actual demands on coordinators’ time, allowing time for rich and deep conversation among leaders, and providing mentors to assist coordinators in building their skills and supporting their efforts.
Updated: Dec. 22, 2021
Factors Associated With Novice General Education Teachers’ Preparedness to Work With Multilingual Learners: A Multilevel Study
This study examined factors linked to novice general education teachers’ perception of their preparedness to work with multilingual learners in the classroom. Using a multilevel modeling approach, the authors examined factors at the teacher and school levels using two AY 2015 to 2016 datasets: The National Teacher and Principal Survey from the National Center for Education Statistics and the Civil Rights Data Collection from the Office of Civil Rights. The results show that teacher perception of preparedness was positively associated with teacher education courses on working with multilingual learners, supports received during the first-year teaching, and the number of multilingual learners teachers worked within their classrooms. Similarly, the concentration of multilingual learners at the school level had a positive impact on preparedness. Overall, it appears that experiences both learning about and working with multilingual learners are positively associated with novice general education teachers’ perceptions of preparedness to work with multilingual students.
Updated: Dec. 22, 2021
Learning to Plan During the Clinical Experience: How Visions of Teaching Influence Novices’ Opportunities to Practice
In this study, the authors document pre-service teachers’ (PSTs) opportunities to learn about planning for equitable and ambitious instruction during clinical placements. They also test whether these opportunities vary by the level of participants’ perceived congruence between the vision of science teaching supported in their university coursework and the instructional practices and learning culture of their host classrooms. They analyzed interview and survey responses of 65 science PSTs from three preparation programs which required their novices to learn about planning and teaching that was consistent with research-based reforms. In placements where novices could participate in planning practices that were perceived as congruent with these reform-based visions, they were more likely than peers in low-congruence classrooms to engage in educative co-planning with a mentor, to take up responsibilities for planning lessons earlier in the school year and for longer periods of time, and to receive useful feedback from mentors.
Updated: Dec. 16, 2021
Utilizing SIOP lesson video demonstrations as a springboard for reflection: A collaborative self-study of EL teachers
This collaborative self-study explored three graduate students’ perceptions of the benefits and challenges of viewing, editing, and sharing lesson demonstrations based on Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol (SIOP). The researchers also examined how university instructors could promote reflection through the lesson demonstration process. The study consisted of four qualitative forms of data collection. First, the researchers interviewed participants regarding their experiences viewing, editing, and sharing their videos. Then, they examined participants’ written reflections of their lesson demonstration, focusing on best practices for teaching English learners (ELs). Using the constant comparative method, they coded the interview transcripts, participant reflections, and instructor feedback. Researchers performed a document analysis of course materials (e.g., instructions, rubrics, lesson plan templates) to better understand and contextualize participants’ perceptions of the lesson demonstration process within the course. The findings indicated that participants benefited from the process in a variety of ways, while experiencing minimal or no challenges. In reviewing and editing the footage, participants expressed how they were able to view their teaching from a new vantage point and identify unique opportunities for future growth from other professional development strategies. Due to participants’ limited sharing of the video, this stage of the process was not fully explored.
Updated: Dec. 05, 2021
Transitioning from primary-grade classrooms to infant/toddler rooms: early childhood preservice teachers’ growth and challenges
This qualitative study explores how a group of preservice teachers, all of whom had been well prepared to become primary-grade teachers, made a transition into infant/toddler group care settings. The authors used the teachers’ daily journal entries, individual interview, document analysis (course syllabus, weekly planning sheets), and weekly team planning meetings as data sources. Findings revealed that the teachers initially struggled to work with the infants/toddlers and that their long-held notions of children, teaching, and learning were challenged. Yet, their daily work with the children over 15 weeks of practicum helped them deepen and broaden and become more skillful and insightful of early childhood education, which the teachers found applicable to primary-grade teaching.
Updated: Nov. 29, 2021
“I Felt like My Practice Was Catching up with My Beliefs:” A Longitudinal Cognitive Study of Seven Early Career Literacy Teachers and Their Praxis
Using a qualitative approach, this article reports findings of a longitudinal study of seven successful elementary educators from the inception of their final preservice field experience through the first seven years of their independent teaching. The research centers the development of teachers’ literacy-related instructional practices over the course of their early teaching careers, as well as the factors that influenced and impacted their instructional choices. Through repeated surveys and a culminating reflective interview, the researchers examined patterns of literacy beliefs and practices reported by these teachers over time, as well as the extent to which they internalized and used those beliefs and practices. The authors share what impacted teachers’ perceptions and practice of reading instruction throughout the formative stages of their teaching careers and suggest implications for teacher preparation programs in attending to pre- and early-career teachers’ praxis.
Updated: Nov. 18, 2021
The Impact on Pre-service Teachers’ Perceptions toward Co-Teaching from Being a Learner in Co-taught College Courses
This qualitative study investigated pre-service teachers’ perceptions toward co-teaching after experiencing co-taught sessions within a special education methods class and literacy methods class. For two semesters, participants included cohort groups in a dual teacher license program in elementary and special education. The authors gathered information through surveys, exit notes, and focus-group interviews about pre-service teachers’ perceptions of six different types of co-teaching approaches and the impact of co-teaching on students’ learning. After participating in the co-taught lessons, pre-service teachers expressed more positive perceptions toward co-teaching’s impact on student learning, and a greater willingness to implement co-teaching in their future teaching. The results also suggest that a co-teaching instructional approach used within a university classroom affects pre-service teachers’ perceptions of the benefit and intended future use of that co-teaching instructional approach.
Updated: Nov. 17, 2021
Learning to Think like a Teacher: Effects of Video Reflection on Preservice Teachers’ Practice and Pedagogy
This article analyzes qualitative data from preservice teachers and university supervisors who took part in a study where preservice teachers used video software to record their instruction, reflect on the recording, send the recording to a supervisor, and then meet with the supervisor to review and discuss essential pedagogical elements. Using video to reflect on practice had a positive impact on preservice teachers’ pedagogical practices, classroom management strategies, and learner engagement methods, suggesting that using video to reflect and to direct can have a positive impact on the development of preservice teachers.
Updated: Nov. 11, 2021