Search results for: USA
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The “wicked problem” of technology and teacher education: Examining teacher educator technology competencies in a field-based literacy methods course
This paper paints a complex portrait of the “wicked problem” of teaching technology integration in a field-based content literacy course in order to analyze how a teacher educator demonstrated a presence (and absence) of Teacher Educator Technology Competencies (TETCs). The study indicates that developing technology competencies in teacher educators shares challenges with broader issues of practice based teacher education. It suggests the TETCs would benefit from a clear grounding in theory and should consider the influence of teacher educator Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) on teacher educators’ abilities to build and demonstrate competency. Overall, framing teacher educator professional growth and development through the lens of the TETCs facilitated reflection and spotlighted areas of strength, as well as areas for improvement, within practice.
Updated: Feb. 17, 2021
Feedback sessions as mediation spaces: empowering teacher candidates to deepen instructional knowledge and engage in the construction and transformation of theory in practice
In this paper, the authors present what they believe to be important elements of action research (AR) that emerged from their final feedback sessions with 13 teacher candidates in their program as they prepared for the professional presentations. They found that considering these feedback sessions as mediation spaces (1) empowers teacher candidates to externalize and deepen personal understandings of their research through dialogical discourse with expert others, and (2) negotiate their power and emerging practitioner researcher identities.
Updated: Feb. 03, 2021
This study measured the current technology-competency levels of 242 special and general education teacher-candidates in teacher preparation programs through a self-assessment survey that was developed based on the ISTE Educator Standards. The results show that teacher-candidates perceive that they have not yet reached a proficient level of technology-competency according to ISTE standards. Special education teacher-candidates with team-teaching experience reported a significantly higher level of technology-competency than any other groups. This paper provides insightful recommendations to teacher preparation institutes as to how they can reform their credential program curricula to support teacher-candidates in acquiring the technology competencies they need in the field of education.
Updated: Feb. 03, 2021
A cross-institutional investigation of a flipped module on preservice teachers’ interest in teaching computational thinking
Informed by the person–object theory of interest, this study deployed a mixed-method concurrent triangulation design and investigated the impact of major/specialization, gender, and module design on preservice teachers' interest in teaching computational thinking. The study was conducted in a flipped computational thinking module hosted in three sections of educational technology courses at two U.S. institutions. Results from the quantitative analysis showed that preservice teachers who did both Scratch coding and physical computing practices had a higher level of interest than their peers who only did the Scratch coding only. The qualitative analysis found evidence that preservice teachers' interest differed by their gender and major/specialization statuses. At the end, the authors provided suggestions for future research and practice for teaching computational thinking in teacher education.
Updated: Jan. 01, 2021
This study examined the flipped classroom through the eyes of pre-service language teachers to reveal what hinders them from or encourages them to adopt this approach. Data were collected from students in a Computer-Assisted Language Learning (CALL) course; they experienced two flipped class sessions (complementing the traditional instructor-led sessions) and completed a survey about their experiences. Semi-structured interviews were also conducted with a sub-set of students to examine their perceptions in greater depth. Three major themes emerged regarding benefits of the flipped classroom: learner autonomy, learning by doing with support, and preventing cognitive overload. Four challenges emerged: learners’ technology access and technical ability, technical support for instructors, ambiguous student responsibility, and an inability to provide immediate clarification. Three additional notable themes emerged: heightened awareness of peers in the classroom, different reactions to content-oriented versus technically-oriented instructional videos, and student workload. These themes are discussed in detail, along with suggestions for teacher training and professional development. Also considered is the need to establish guidelines for best practices in flipped classrooms and to develop high-quality approaches to flipping without a dependence on instructional videos.
Updated: Dec. 13, 2020
Physical education teacher education (PETE) programs are encouraged to develop teachers capable of delivering technology integrated learning experiences. Technological pedagogical content knowledge (TPACK) provides a framework for integrating technology into teacher education programs. Occupational socialization theory describes an educator’s recruitment, training, and socialization in the teaching profession. The purpose of this article is to propose a conceptual framework for helping preservice physical educators develop technological pedagogical content knowledge that is grounded in occupational socialization theory. The authors specifically recommend a four-phase approach to help preservice teachers (a) build their knowledge and learn to value technology in physical education, (b) observe and explore through instructor modeling and integration, (c) experiment and collaborate with mentoring and scaffolding, and (d) discover through innovation and utilization. These suggestions acknowledge the sociopolitical aspects of learning to teach with technology and implications are discussed along with the need to help preservice teachers transfer technology integration into their professional careers.
Updated: Dec. 02, 2020
Across the globe, preparing the next generation of teachers is one of the most important tasks for higher education. In this article, the authors discuss the Teacher Preparation Initiative (TPI), a successful professional development framework designed to support teacher candidates as they enter their classrooms and also the faculty members who are working with them. This paper highlights four key components to this professional development programme: 1) practical, 2) aligned, (3) relationship-centred, and 4) current. The general framework of the partnership will be helpful for institutions whether or not they can be a part of the TPI, but are looking to build similar professional development opportunities for their education faculty members.
Updated: Nov. 30, 2020
Developing self-awareness using mindfulness meditation with preservice teachers: reflections on practice
Mindfulness offers a pathway for preservice teachers to develop self-awareness, which is an essential part of personal and professional growth. However, supporting teacher self-awareness is rarely given much attention in teacher education programs. The authors studied the use of mindfulness meditation in an early childhood college course with early childhood preservice teachers. This article reports the main findings that emerged from the students’ journals regarding the mindfulness meditation. Reflecting on the findings, this article suggests that educators need to provide meaningful learning experiences and activities, which could help their students develop the personal qualities necessary to teach with high self-confidence.
Updated: Nov. 03, 2020
Space is not separable from the learning and teaching that take place in and through teacher education programs. In this paper, the authors attempt to illustrate how the use of a spatial lens in preservice teachers field placement can provide them with opportunities to raise questions and understand more about the relationships between self, the discursive construction of others, and taken-for-granted notions of learning and teaching. In helping preservice teachers’ critical reflections upon their spatial experience at their field sites, they specifically focus on “mapping” space as their approach to developing a critical embodied pedagogy. In particular, they highlight one White female preservice teacher’s spatial experience in a homeless shelter. They discuss the implications of developing pedagogical tools from the spatial perspective for early childhood teacher education programs.
Updated: Nov. 03, 2020
Globalization is undoubtedly affecting every aspect of our lives. The reach and the reality of globalization means that what happens “there” to “them” now affects what happens “here” to “us.” The destinies of billions of people around the planet have become inextricably tied, connected by multiple networks, whether virtual, commercial, political, trans-familial, socio-cultural, or educational. This is the globalized space in which today’s teachers operate, it is the space they must navigate, they have no choice to do otherwise than to look, know, think, understand and teach beyond the boundaries of the(ir) local. But what exactly does that mean in practice? In response, the author begins first with a brief discussion about globalization—what it means, and how it is—or perhaps not—affecting teaching and teacher education. She then discusses the mindsets teachers (and therefore teacher education/educators) need to cultivate along four dimensions in the context of globalization: the curricular, professional, moral, and personal. She then closes with two immediate actions we should take as/to be a global teacher education community.
Updated: Oct. 30, 2020