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Perceptions of preparedness for online teaching due to the COVID-19 pandemic as a graduate of an education program at a university in the Midwest
This study examined how prepared teachers felt when shifting to online instruction during the COVID-19 pandemic. The teachers were graduates of an education preparation program at a small private Midwestern University. The authors constructed a questionnaire to measure the graduates’ perceptions of preparation in online teaching, as well as their experience of online teaching during the pandemic. The graduates reported the importance of university faculty modeling the use of online tools, effective course management and virtual teaching strategies to preservice teachers, as well as having the opportunity to take a course focused on teaching in virtual contexts. Such preparation enabled the graduates to successfully transition to online instruction during the pandemic.
Updated: Nov. 08, 2021
With the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic in March 2020, teacher colleges across the country suddenly shifted to online. In many cases, faculty, wary of shortchanging students of a meaningful learning experience, leveraged synchronous meetings as a way of compensating for the abrupt removal of face-to-face (F2F) interactions. This mixed-methods self-study explored advanced licensure candidates' perceptions of developing a Community of Inquiry (COI) across three sections of a Spring 2020 online course taught by the same instructor. This course was fashioned as a literature circle about immigrant communities and K-12 schools. In one section, five one-hour synchronous meetings punctuated the shared readings of five book-length ethnographies. The other two sections remained completely asynchronous. Sixty-nine students across the three courses were electronically surveyed at the close of the semester. Fifteen students were subsequently interviewed as an additional layer of data collection. Survey analysis indicated that monthly synchronous meetings did not significantly impact students' perceptions of COI development. Follow-up interviews provided further insights into methods that students perceived as essential for advancing teaching, cognitive, and social presences. The authors conclude with broad and specific recommendations for better practices and future research for COI in graduate teacher education online coursework in and beyond COVID-19.
Updated: Nov. 07, 2021
Preservice Teacher Burnout: Secondary Trauma and Self-Care Issues in Teacher Education Provided to Pre-Service Teachers
This study examines preservice teacher coursework and interview data related to encountering student trauma, secondary trauma, and the role of self-care during clinical placement experiences. A thematic analysis of the data led to the identification of four main themes: the power of student stories, recognition of the many forms of trauma, preservice teacher burnout, and barriers to integrating self-care. Additionally, the authors’ analysis revealed the ways in which preservice teachers experienced secondary trauma as a consequence of forming relationships with students and listening to their stories. Some of the effects of this secondary trauma were mitigated by engaging in self-care, but those preservice teachers who felt they failed at supporting their personal wellness experienced burnout. More troubling, only one preservice teacher recognized self-care’s connection to trauma-informed teaching. The authors’ findings reveal the importance of infusing content on trauma, secondary trauma, and self-care in teacher education coursework and the need to provide professional development on trauma-informed teaching for clinical placement school sites.
Updated: Nov. 07, 2021
Improving Supervisor Written Feedback: Exploring the What and Why of Feedback Provided to Pre-Service Teachers
This study examines the content (i.e., pedagogical skill) and purpose (i.e., praise or suggestion for growth) of university supervisor written feedback in order to improve the quality of observational evaluation provided to elementary and secondary pre-service teachers. Interview data reveal key factors influence the content of supervisor feedback, including the pre-service teacher’s instructional context and learning needs, as well as the supervisor’s content knowledge and teaching beliefs. Findings reveal supervisors provided significantly more praise versus suggestions for growth, and commented much less frequently on key practices, including supporting emergent bilinguals. Implications highlight the importance of supporting supervisors with targeted professional development opportunities which allow for critical examination of their feedback.
Updated: Nov. 07, 2021
“A Learning Process Versus a Moment”: Engaging Black Male Teacher Education Candidates in Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy at Jackson State University
This qualitative case study provides a deep dive into a teacher education program at Jackson State University, a Historically Black University (i.e. HBCU) located in Mississippi that is intentionally preparing Black men teacher candidates to successfully support the academic achievement of students in culturally diverse, low-income, and underserved schools.
Updated: Oct. 26, 2021
Achieving the goal of a scientifically literate society greatly depends on teachers. This study assesses preservice elementary teachers’ conceptual understanding of scientific literacy. Study participants include 20 preservice elementary teachers registered in an advanced science methods course at a midsize university in the United States. A qualitative interview design with a sem-istructured interview format was used. The results of this study showed that preservice elementary teachers’ scientific literacy and knowledge of the nature of science required improvement to comply with science education reforms; however, they showed adequate understanding of the relationship among science, technology, and society.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2021
Mathematics Field Experience Design: The Role of Teaching Experiments and Lesson Study One Year Later During Student Teaching
The authors engaged preservice teachers in a redesigned mathematics field experience with a central focus on children’s reasoning through teaching experiments and purposeful reflection on practice through Lesson Study. Indicators of effective teaching were examined through analysis of lesson plans and enactment, comparing student teachers who participated in the revised approach with student teachers in conventional forms of field experience. Findings suggest that teaching aspects fostered by the revised approach during the field experience had a positive residual effect during student teaching. Those who took part in teaching experiments and lesson study had lesson plans that provided for sense-making, encouraged collaboration, and included investigative mathematics to a greater degree than those in the conventional group. Those in the revised group implemented lessons during student teaching that were more student-centered and considerate of classroom culture than those who took part in the conventional field experience. We provide recommendations for designing field experiences.
Updated: Oct. 20, 2021
Professional Dispositions of Teacher Candidates: Measuring Dispositions at a Large Teacher Preparation University to Meet National Standards
The current study reports the process by which one of the largest teacher preparation institutions in the Western U.S. assesses teacher candidates’ professional dispositions throughout their teacher preparation programs through the use of a survey developed by the university. The survey is completed by teacher candidates, mentor teachers, and supervising faculty. Results were analyzed using a Generalized Estimated Equations Model. Results indicated a slight increase in mean scores over time and mentor teachers rated students higher than the students rated themselves. No significant difference in mean scores was found between teacher candidates and supervising faculty. Reliability and validity of the instrument and results are discussed. Lastly, implications for the use of the Professional Dispositions Qualities (PDQ) instrument for accreditation purposes are discussed.
Updated: Oct. 20, 2021
In this mixed-methods study, the author provides a rich and nuanced picture of how different districts across one state with an underdefined support policy strive to support early-career teachers, and then assess the relationships between these experiences and teachers’ own reported satisfaction and commitment to the teaching profession. She finds substantial variation in the support experienced by early-career teachers. She also finds that mentorship, both formal and informal, and perceptions of professional development are positively associated with satisfaction and commitment. Other contextual organizational factors also play a role in early-career teachers’ experiences and outcomes.
Updated: Oct. 17, 2021
The data shared in this article is related to several critical incidents that occurred during summer of 2019 during a summer literacy programme where tutors worked with elementary age students in a university literacy centre. Each incident adds to learning by PSTs on professional behaviour. The paper will be thematically organised across four critical incidents. The first two involved conflict between three tutors, broadly. In one, a student was involved as the tutors engaged in personal conflict. In the second, the tutors alone were involved, however, the escalation of the situation occurred quite quickly. In the third narrative, the authors re-story a critical incident that involved the researchers and one of the teacher candidates across multiple moments in the programme. In the final narrative, model behaviour by two tutors was exhibited when handling mandated reporting.
Updated: Oct. 14, 2021