Search results for: USA
Page 8/126 1256 items
Teacher educators’ practices include providing written feedback to preservice teachers. Aims of written feedback include providing information to preservice teachers about their ideas and practices as well as sustaining ongoing relationships. In this article the authors argue that factors mediating written feedback practice support the informational purposes of feedback while displacing time and space for relational purposes. This argument stems from their self-study using dialogic analysis of three mathematics teacher educators’ conversations and narratives about their written feedback. Analysis of their narratives and transcripts of conversations focused on written feedback practice through the lens of relational teacher education. They found three factors that mediated their written feedback practices: their mathematics identities, assignment structures, and accreditation. To illustrate the factors they share three vignettes crafted from transcripts of conversations and narratives of their written feedback. These themes, while unique to their contexts, illustrate ways teacher educators’ explicit values and goals for teaching about teaching can be crowded out by unexamined factors living within enactments of professional practice. Their findings are contextually bound, but coupled with other self-studies of written feedback illustrate that written feedback practice is informed by teacher educators’ values and context.
Updated: Jul. 01, 2021
Examining the Tensions between Rapport with Pre-Service Teachers and Authority in Becoming a Teacher Educator
The purpose of this self-study was to examine an internal conflict the lead author was feeling about her credibility to teach pre-service elementary teachers when she was similar in age to them and had no K-12 teaching experience. Having taught only as an undergraduate science teaching assistant, she was now assigned in her doctoral program to be an early field experience instructor for elementary education majors. Using Relational Cultural Theory and the framework of deliberate relationship, the role of rapport was analyzed in relation to authority and credibility. Findings show the lead author’s rapport with her pre-service teachers was valuable in supporting her authority and credibility as an instructor, but only when boundaries to rapport were maintained. Specifically, findings show the difficulty in balancing caring for pre-service teachers with appropriate boundaries, and need for diligent transparency of practice. Implications for successful teacher-student relationships when feeling tensions between developing rapport and authority are discussed. Positive, mutually-beneficial relationships with high rapport are possible as long as the instructor maintains appropriate boundaries with pre-service teachers by focusing on the teacher-student relationship rather than attempting to establish friendships.
Updated: Jul. 01, 2021
Examining Diverse Perspectives of edTPA Policy Implementation Across States: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly
Since 2009, the Educative Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA) has been rapidly implemented as a policy tool for strengthening teacher professionalization across the United States. However, its national assimilation has become a target for both praise and critique among teacher educators. In this article, the authors examine such diverse perspectives. Highlighting the sensemaking of administrators, faculty, staff, and teacher candidates (n = 75) across eight teacher preparation programs (TPPs) in two states, they examine how they have responded to varied edTPA policy designs and program contexts. Results show that both policy design and programmatic differences influence how these stakeholders have perceived and implemented edTPA—either as a framework for inquiry or compliance. In the process, they contend that edTPA has many promises and pitfalls as a scalable policy tool for preparing and assessing future teachers.
Updated: Jun. 24, 2021
“Becoming” a mentor between reflective and evaluative discourses: A case study of identity development
This case study interpreted the experiences of a teacher as she grew her coaching and mentoring practices by working with preservice teachers and participating in professional development focused on reflective coaching, mentorship, and literacy teaching. The authors drew on the notion of “becoming” from critical and sociocultural theories in analyzing how she constructed a teaching identity through mentoring, and how her identity enabled her to enact reflective coaching practices. Their findings outline her agentic moves to provide the preservice teacher with reflective support, rather than evaluative critique, in opposition to the surveillance and regulation that characterize many existing teacher evaluation models.
Updated: Jun. 16, 2021
To prepare pre-service teachers to work with diverse student populations, many teacher educators have developed community-engaged projects. This study analyzes data collected from pre-service teachers in the U. S. South as they completed a community-engaged project, where they spent time learning about the community, created a virtual tour, and revised a lesson plan to align with the information gained. The project is offered as a mediational tool contributing to pre-service teachers’ conceptions of community and teaching. Findings suggest that pre-service teachers need explicit instruction about how to analyze communities and opportunities to learn with community members during teacher education.
Updated: Jun. 15, 2021
These aren’t the kids I signed up for: the lived experience of general education, early childhood preservice teachers in classrooms for children with special needs
Effective inclusive teaching practices continue to be an area of uncertainty for preservice and practicing teachers. This qualitative study examined the lived experiences of three, general education, early childhood, preservice teachers (PST) completing a field experience in preschool classrooms for children with significant disabilities. All three PSTs in the study were completing a semester long requisite field experience while concurrently completing an introduction to special education course. Both the field experience and the introduction to special education course were required for their early childhood, general education certification program. While the PSTs initially acknowledged anxiety related to working with children with significant disabilities, the levels of anxiety decreased during the experience. Additionally, PSTs noted the importance of the pedagogical skills they acquired from their special education mentor teachers. Highly skilled, special education mentor teachers were noted being critical to a successful experience.
Updated: Jun. 09, 2021
Preservice Teachers’ Skills to Identify Effective Teaching Interactions: Does It Relate to Their Ability to Implement Them?
Research about in-service teachers has shown that specific skills such as the skill to identify effective teaching interactions in others relates to the teachers’ skill to engage in effective classroom interactions related to student learning. This study aimed to examine the relationship between these skills for 130 preservice teachers in the final year of their program. Findings indicated that preservice teachers’ skill to identify effective teaching interactions in others related to the effectiveness of the emotional support and instructional support exhibited in their observed classroom interactions. In addition, the study investigated the relationship between these skills and the teacher program characteristics. This study provides further evidence that the skill of noticing effective teaching interactions in others is related to implementing one’s own effective classroom interactions. Thus, enhancing preservice teachers’ noticing skills serves as an important target for current and future teacher training.
Updated: Jun. 06, 2021
Disability and the Meaning of Social Justice in Teacher Education Research: A Precarious Guest at the Table?
Although disability is assumed to be part of the teacher education social justice landscape, its position in the context of social justice is contested and has not been informed by an analysis of the empirical record. To address this gap, the authors examined 25 years of research on social justice in teacher education, focusing on how disability is presented in relationship to other social markers of identity. Disability is only modestly visible within this literature; when included, it is typically treated as an isolated marker of identity, absent considerations of intersectionality. Overcoming this marginalization of disability requires new, robust cross-faculty alliances in conceptualizing research on social justice in teacher education; adopting discursive practices that complicate disability in terms of its intersectional, reciprocal relationship with the full range of social markers of identity; and intersectionality-driven instruction connecting multiple identities and the multiple instructional strategies required to transform teacher education for social justice.
Updated: Jun. 03, 2021
This study aims to better understand the role of mentor teacher–mediated experiences in preservice teachers (PTs)’ progress toward the vision of teaching advocated by their programs. Data were collected from multiple cohorts of preservice science teachers at two university-based teacher preparation programs. Employing a qualitative, multiple case study approach, a total of 35 cases were analyzed focusing on the quality of mentor teacher–mediated experiences (i.e., modeling program-advocated vision of teaching, supporting PTs’ experimentation, and providing feedback), and its relationship to PTs’ progress over time. The analyses show that mentor teachers’ supportiveness for PTs’ experimentation played a critical role in facilitating PTs’ desirable changes. Well-structured experimentation created conditions for PTs to notice, leverage, and expand students’ sense-making repertoires in classrooms. Mentors’ modeling of program-recommended practices was not necessarily related to PTs’ progress. This study raises questions about prevalent perceptions of a good mentor teacher as someone who models program-recommended practices.
Updated: Jun. 03, 2021
Calls for the renewal of teacher preparation through clinical practice have left many novice teacher educators to learn on the job. This article reports on the research of two such novices, studying their own practice. Addressing the need to better understand the approaches teacher educators take to clinically grounding their work, the authors used a hermeneutic approach to naturalistic inquiry to study their use of an inquiry community framework in a teacher preparation clinical setting. The authors found that within an arc of practitioner inquiry, explicitly teaching guided reflection and professional dialoguing skills within an inquiry community were key teacher educator practices. They found that an inquiry community approach holds promise as a structure and space for teacher educators to advance teacher preparation toward clinical practice.
Updated: May. 21, 2021