Search results for: Canada
Page 1/11 107 items
This article explores the experiences of six nonbinary preservice teachers of diverse gender expression and racial and class backgrounds. Each was enrolled or had recently completed teacher training in North America when the study was conducted in 2018. This qualitative study employed in-depth, phenomenological interviews to prompt participants to reconstruct rich narratives about their experiences as educators. This article uses Sara Ahmed’s concept of the “willful subject” to consider how participants negotiated the relationship between their gender identities as non-binary people and their nascent professional identities as teachers. These beginning teachers expressed concern about succeeding in their teacher education programs and worried about how others perceived them because of the expectation of normative gender implicit in teaching’s professional norms. This expectation was enforced by the profession’s gatekeepers more than by K–12 students and their families, who participants generally described as hospitable or indifferent to having a non-binary teacher. If the profession is to genuinely welcome gender diversity, it must do more than protect trans and gender nonconforming teachers from discrimination and harassment: It must also recognize and work to deconstruct its own gender normativity.
Updated: Jan. 25, 2022
Faculty Co-Teaching with Their Teacher Candidates in the Field: Co-Planning, Co-Instructing, and Co-Reflecting for STEM Education Teacher Preparation
Co-teaching is a fieldwork model in teacher education used to describe the shared responsibility of educators engaging in the process of planning, teaching, and reflecting to support student learning. While research often describes this model between teacher candidates and mentor teachers, this research examined co-teaching between university faculty and teacher candidates. The research questions included: (1) How do teacher candidates experience and perceive a co-teaching model with their faculty? and (2) What elements of teacher candidates’ experiences during co-teaching reflect the cognitive apprenticeship model of learning? Through this study it was identified that teacher candidates co-teaching with their faculty led to strengthened understanding of integrated STEM education, particularly in STEM content and PCK. Making thinking visible using cognitive apprenticeship through co-teaching led to teacher candidates developing an understanding of STEM education in their personal teaching practice and building their capacity to become confident and resourceful STEM educators.
Updated: Jan. 19, 2022
Early career teachers continue to flee the profession in many countries around the world. In a series of their own studies, the authors have attempted to better understand the intentions of early career teachers. In this paper, they build on themes that emerged in a 2015 study, published in Teaching Education, with 40 second- and third-year teachers, and interviewed 15 more second- and third-year teachers from another Canadian province. Using a semi-structured interview procedure with a method of thematic analysis, the same 2015 themes emerged in the new study with the exception of two original themes: It’s the kids; and An opportunity for relief: Relational support. Both new themes highlighted relational aspects of sustainability and turned us to the notion of relational agency. The authors draw on the conception of relational agency to inquire into how early career teachers might establish a capacity to align their thoughts and actions with others on the professional knowledge landscape. They then pose questions surrounding how relational agency helps teacher educators, administrators, and teac
Updated: Jan. 05, 2022
This article examines the phenomenon of failure in a Bachelor of Education practicum from the perspectives of preservice teachers. Utilizing a phenomenological theoretical framework and methodology, the perspectives of four preservice teachers are shared. The data were drawn from practicum reports, field notes, interviews, and student teacher questionnaires. Analysis of the findings reveals how insufficient content knowledge, inadequate planning, and avoidance of difficult discussions lead to failure. Further analysis of the sequence of events leading up to the failure reveals the significance of clear and authentic communication in the early days of the placement. Although the four preservice teachers struggled with failure, they also demonstrated resilience in their quest to become teachers. The authors conclude with six essential questions that help to mitigate failure.
Updated: Jan. 04, 2022
Incorporating problem-based learning in a secondary school mathematics preservice teacher education course
Preservice secondary school mathematics teacher education must incorporate large amounts of material within a limited timeframe, of mathematics curricula, best teaching practices, professional learning strategies, and more. Mathematics education instructors using a mixed instruction course incorporating an initial phase of transmission and transactional teaching practices followed by a phase of problem-based learning instruction was investigated as a professional learning model for preservice teachers. This was a sequential four-phase mixed methods study. Over the phases, data was gathered via a questionnaire administered to forty-seven secondary school mathematics preservice teachers. Significant and important changes in preservice teacher beliefs and orientations were observed.
Updated: Oct. 25, 2021
Teacher candidates are required to learn substantial fundamental and practical knowledge often within short, fast-paced initial teacher education (ITE) programs. This study examined assessment education through a case study of 35 teacher candidates enrolled in an assessment/evaluation concentration at one Canadian institution. Using a slow movement framework with Fink’s (2013) significant learning experiences taxonomy, pedagogies were analyzed that provoked slow and significant learning. Findings from multiple data sources revealed trends in significant learning across program phases and pedagogical conditions, including authentic course assessments, cycles of coursework and placements, and collaboration. Directions for future research and ITE programming are provided.
Updated: Sep. 02, 2021
Network structures of in-service teachers’ collective knowledge construction: An SNA analysis of multiliteracies online course
Multiliteracies is not only concerned with learners’ meaning-making using multiple communication and representation channels but with individuals’ contributions towards a collaborative and participatory culture. However, understanding collective knowledge construction in computer-mediated discussions is challenging due to large and complex digital texts in online contexts. To respond to this challenge, this study investigated the relationships between network structures and potentials for collaborative knowledge construction in a 12-week online multiliteracies professional education course by adopting Knowledge Society Network and Collaborative Knowledge Networks as analytical frameworks and using Social Network Analysis to find which network models the online course followed. Consequently, the network of teacher participants’ interactions showed high participant interaction and low idea interaction.
Updated: May. 18, 2021
Mentoring as meaningful professional development: The influence of mentoring on in-service teachers' identity and practice
Within teacher education, many experienced in-service teachers routinely mentor pre-service teachers during teaching practicums. Notwithstanding the benefits pre-service teachers are meant to experience from these mentor–protégé relationships and experiences, recent research has demonstrated that mentors, too, may experience some (oftentimes unintended) potential benefits. The purpose of this paper is to further investigate such potential benefits within a Canadian secondary school physical education (PE) context. The researchers employed a qualitative case study methodology. The three primary data sources included field observations/notes, journals and interviews. The mentor teachers viewed the mentor–protégé relationship/experience as meaningful professional development, recognizing that it approximated a professional learning community. Relatedly, the mentor teachers experienced professional growth with respect to their own teaching identity and teaching practice.
Updated: Feb. 09, 2021
Online collaborative mind mapping in a mathematics teacher education program: a study on student interaction and knowledge construction
The inclusion of alternative and multimodal methods for online interaction and knowledge construction in mathematics teacher education is still an incipient field. In this paper, the authors present a multiple case study of three blended courses in an elementary mathematics teacher education program at Western University. In these blended courses, the online component included the construction of collaborative mind maps. Through constructivist grounded theory methods, they analyzed teacher candidates’ mind maps as (a) final products, and (b) interaction processes. The resulting theory describes how pre-service mathematics teachers interact and construct knowledge while they engage in online collaborative mind mapping. The study provides insights into the ways that collaborative and multimodal technologies affect mathematics teacher education, and in turn, suggests how its implementation may be improved.
Updated: Dec. 03, 2020
This article offers a first look at teacher educators’ (N = 336) perceptions of their technology competencies based on the Teacher Educator Technology Competencies (TETCs; Foulger, Graziano, Schmidt-Crawford, & Slykhuis, 2017). The participants generally rated their competence levels highly in relation to the TETCs. Although many participants reported that the TETCs adequately reflected the competencies required of them, they suggested various additions and changes to the TETCs. This mixed-method study advances understanding of teacher educators’ perceptions of the importance of various competences to their work and offers feedback from the field regarding which competencies might be missing from the TETCs.
Updated: Sep. 23, 2020