Search results for: Australia
Page 1/23 226 items
The Editors’ challenges to the field of teacher education ask us to take stock: what is education for? What is our role in preparing new teachers to educate the nation? In their introduction to the panel discussing these challenges, they asked three questions: “Does ‘the field’ need to be challenged?”; “Can ‘the field’ be challenged?,” and “In which direction(s)?” Their answers were “yes,” “yes,” and “tell us.” Academic journals, of course, cannot change the world, but they can do far more than simply reflect back to us what we are thinking and doing to advance knowledge. Over time they certainly reflect the changes in our thinking, and from time to time they can intervene, as these editors are attempting to do, by taking a stand and asking explicit questions about the directions they believe we should be taking – challenging us, in fact, to think again, and perhaps, change our minds about what we think we should be doing.
Updated: Jul. 17, 2022
Displaced academics: intended and unintended consequences of the changing landscape of teacher education
Given the intense politicisation of education, many teacher educators are caught in the cross-hairs of government’s reform agendas, university expectations and student teacher needs. This paper reports on a study of 28 literacy teacher educators in four countries (Canada, US, Australia and England). This paper reports on the broad question: How is politics affecting literacy teacher educators? Three specific aspects are considered: their pedagogies, identity and well-being. It describes how their pedagogy (goals and teaching strategies) has narrowed because of mandated curriculum and exit exams. It shows how their identity as academics is being complicated because they often do not have time for their research. And their well-being is compromised because of excessive external inspections and as their community in the university splinters.
Updated: Jul. 11, 2022
Creating Greater Awareness of the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers in Initial Teacher Education
Throughout their initial teacher education training in Australia, students are informed about the Australian Professional Standards for Teachers (APST) and the necessity of gathering evidence to achieve these for teacher registration. Whilst the use of digital technologies as tools for reflection has become increasingly popular, there remains a paucity of research around the types of digital technologies that students use to document their ability to achieve accreditation requirements. This study presents details of how PebblePad, a specialised ePortfolio platform, can assist teacher education students to gain increased awareness about the 37 APST descriptors through the use of tagging. Results demonstrate that students found tagging an invaluable practice and that they recognised the importance of using this ePortfolio platform after graduation to build on their growth as educators in alignment with the APST. In this way, the study addresses a significant gap in teacher education literature in this era of accountability.
Updated: Jun. 26, 2022
'It's fun, unthreatening and engaging': Professional learning in initial teacher education, BEd primary
Professional organisations in Australia are well placed to offer initial teacher education (ITE) students, in-service teachers, and tertiary educators the opportunity to engage in professional learning. This paper explores the importance of building collaborative relations with professional organisations to enhance ITE students' music knowledge, skills and understandings. The study took place at Deakin University's Metropolitan campus in Melbourne. It investigates why people come together to share music making practice, and explores participants experiences and engagement when undertaking professional learning. The author draws on questionnaire data from participants and workshop presenters in 2018 and 2019 to inform the findings. Data were analysed using thematic analysis that is reported thematically under two headings, professional sharing and creative music making. The findings show that participation in the workshops offered participants the opportunity to create music soundscapes, build confidence, develop ideas for music teaching, and learn about the importance of professional learning. The author argues for the need to work collaboratively with professional organisations when preparing ITE students for the profession. Further research is required in this area that supports professional learning in ITE programs.
Updated: Jun. 09, 2022
Compared to their more experienced colleagues, novice teachers are more likely to experience burn-out and leave the profession. They are also more likely to be assigned out-of-field. This paper shines a light on the emotional and cognitive nature of what is involved for these teachers as they learn to teach out-of-field. Fortune lines technique was used by four novice secondary teachers to reflect on how their perceived capacity and enjoyment changed in their out-of-field and in-field teaching practice, and the influences that caused those changes. Analysis showed that teachers experienced more growth in capacity and enjoyment in their out-of-field contexts compared to in-field, but that their experience of learning was more disrupted. Twelve interconnected categories of influence were identified, but teachers’ unique experiences show that tailored support should be informed by an understanding of what factors corrode and enhance each teacher’s perceived capacity and enjoyment.
Updated: May. 23, 2022
Through investigating the experience of e-portfolio use by pre-service teachers (PSTs), this article provides significant evidence about the high-quality implementation of e-portfolios in higher education. The reasons behind the participants’ success in an e-portfolio-based unit is explored. In particular, the research explores the reasons why several participants were more successful than others when using e-portfolios. This is the first research that has examined PSTs perspectives on e-portfolio-based learning within constructivism, students’ approach to learning (SAL), the 3 P model (presage, process, and product) of learning, and self-regulated learning (SRL). This article aims to examine the efficacy of e-portfolios as an evidence-based strategy for the demonstration of pre-service teachers (PSTs) teaching philosophy. PSTs (N = 73) used e-portfolios to demonstrate their understanding of the Australian Institute of Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL) standards in their teacher education program. The participants in this research presented samples of evidence about teaching philosophy, internship, and professional development experiences to cover professional knowledge, professional practice, and professional engagement in their e-portfolios. The reported research in this article is part of a larger research project and in accordance with the applied theoretical framework, gives a central focus on how PSTs perceive, conceive, and interpret the e-portfolios at universities.
Updated: May. 11, 2022
When performativity meets agency: how early career teachers struggle to reconcile competing agendas to become ‘quality’ teachers
Early career teachers are increasingly required to be ‘classroom ready’ upon graduation and to demonstrate capabilities that match their more experienced colleagues. They are also joining a profession that is characterised by increased scrutiny and accountability driven by standards that seek to identify the hallmarks of good teaching. This agenda, constructed around a discourse of ‘quality’, has created dilemmas for early career teachers. However, little is known about how early career teachers navigate these pressures as they begin their careers. This article reports on a study that sought high-achieving graduate teachers’ perceptions of teacher quality and how they assessed their own practices within a ‘quality’ framework. The study found that high-achieving early career teachers wrestle with their perceptions of what a ‘good’ teacher might be and do, and how this contrasts with official representations of a ‘quality teacher’, and that they frequently ‘govern’ themselves using the regulations and discourses related to ‘the quality teacher’. The authors argue that broader conceptualisations of teacher quality are needed to enable early career teachers to develop as agentic professionals.
Updated: Mar. 14, 2022
Continuity of learning and development for children transitioning from pre-compulsory to compulsory education remains challenging in many educational contexts. There is little evidence about the potential of coaching to build teacher capability as a strategy to enhance continuity for children. This article reports details of how a collective case study and the theory of practice architectures framed an investigation of coaching practices aimed at building teacher capability to address student continuity issues. The research endorses a situated (site ontological) approach to building teacher capability to enhance continuity in the early years. Findings identify how site-based conditions influenced (enabled and constrained) coaching practices and transitional continuity.
Updated: Mar. 09, 2022
‘A validation of my pedagogy’: how subject discipline practice supports early career teachers’ identities and perceptions of retention
For secondary school teachers, developing a teacher identity is complicated by spoken or implied expectations of the need to be an expert in the skills and knowledge of one’s subject discipline. Since 2009, the Teacher as Practitioner study (N = 764) has explored the effect of continued subject discipline practice on teachers’ identity and retention using a longitudinal mixed-method design. Within the population are 305 responses from initial teacher education graduates classified as early career teachers, those within their first five years of teaching. This sub-sample was used to explore relationships between discipline practice, identity and perceptions of retention in the profession. Analysis of quantitative data showed time spent engaged in practice had a greater effect on expectations of retention and identity than simply aspiring to maintain a discipline practice, while qualitative analysis showed maintaining a practice in a supportive community was also highly valued.
Updated: Feb. 08, 2022
The development and testing of an online scenario-based learning activity to prepare preservice teachers for teaching placements
In this study the authors report two studies on the testing of a scenario-based learning (SBL) activity delivered to 191 preservice teachers in the UK and Australia. SBL uses interactive classroom scenarios to enhance the self-efficacy and classroom readiness of preservice teachers. Findings from Study 1 indicated that participants found the activity engaging and useful, with increased self-efficacy and preparedness for teaching placements. Findings from Study 2 revealed that most participants reported higher levels of placement self-efficacy and preparedness. There was a statistically significant intervention effect on emotional classroom readiness, but not on teaching self-efficacy, motivational classroom readiness, or cognitive classroom readiness.
Updated: Jan. 19, 2022