Search results for: Australia
Page 6/21 202 items
In this article, the authors argue for paying close attention to the materiality of practice in understanding the work of teacher educators; specifically, the meanings of artefacts used by teacher educators in the course of their daily work. They locate this analysis within a dialectical materialist understanding of the development of human activity, providing examples of artefacts-in-use in initial teacher education and the meanings accorded to these artefacts by the teacher educators they observed and interviewed. Their aim is to make a case for what is afforded epistemologically when researchers pay attention to artefacts from a dialectical materialist viewpoint.
Updated: Jul. 04, 2017
The Work of the Teacher-educator in Australia: Reconstructing the “Superhero” Performer/Academic in an Audit Culture
This article draws on interview data with Deans/Heads of Schools of Education in the Australian context to explore the question: How is the teacher-educator produced as a category of academic worker? Using critical approaches to discourse analysis, it presents two interlocked storylines woven with varying emphasis through the interviews. First, the teacher-educator is produced as a superhero researcher and teacher, elevated by the expectations of the Excellence in Research for Australia audit/surveillance tools. Second, there is a concomitant struggle to reconcile pressure to research with commitment to meeting the needs of schooling systems, and to addressing the work of the teacher-educator in ethical terms.
Updated: Jul. 04, 2017
First-Year Practicum Experiences for Preservice Early Childhood Education Teachers Working with Birth-to-3-Year-Olds: An Australasian Experience
The present article reports on a project, “Collaboration of Universities Pedagogies of Infants’ and Toddlers’ Development—‘down under’ (CUPID)'. This project evaluated the practicum experiences of 1st-year preservice initial teacher education (ITE) students at five universities across Australia and New Zealand engaging in early childhood education (ECE) teacher programs. The results from year 1 of their qualification experiences highlight the diverse and complex approaches to practicum experiences, ranging from specialized events with birth-to-3-year-olds to generic practicum with a wider age group. The implications of the practicum experience, in its many iterations, are explored in terms of the treatment of infant and toddler pedagogy as a specialization, and as an integrated component of the curriculum.
Updated: Jun. 11, 2017
This article uses two narrative portraits of early career teachers to examine the central role of principals in influencing teachers’ feelings of personal and professional well-being, with both negative and positive effects reported. The portraits of two female early career teachers illustrate the vulnerability of many beginning teachers, whose work conditions are dependent on the goodwill and discretion of colleagues and leaders. In both stories, the principals played a central role in terms of the amount and kind of personal support they gave and their leadership in developing the overall school culture.
Updated: May. 14, 2017
This article investigate teacher educators’ views of current trends and their consequences for teacher education futures. The findings reported give voice to the expert participants. The data were then used to develop the discussion which comprised two scenarios. Two major fields of change are identified here and these are used to imagine different futures through the use of a two-dimensional model. The two major fields identified from the discussion are a continuum on location of teacher education, from school based to university based, and a continuum on autonomy and regulation, ranging from high government regulation to self-regulation by the profession.
Updated: May. 07, 2017
This article reports on a programme which applied the conceptual framework of critical transformative dialogue, developed as a part of the health profession to the context of teacher education. The programme applied the processes of critical transformative dialogue in the development of a series of core skills of teaching with first-year pre-service teachers. Participant feedback following professional placement indicated their acknowledgement of the value of engaging in critical transformative dialogues as a tool for professional learning. The participants responses indicated an appreciation of the opportunities provided to rehearse and engage in dialogue and reflection to support the development of core practices. These rehearsed skills were described as making the participants feel more able to contribute to the overall educational experience of the children in the pre-service teachers’ placement classes.
Updated: Feb. 21, 2017
Facilitating Professional Development during International Practicum: Understanding our Work as Teacher Educators through Critical Incidents
This article describes collaborative self-study details the experiences of two teacher educators, who led teacher candidates on international practicum placements. This study documents the complexities of two teacher educators’ work in unfamiliar cultural contexts and highlights tensions to be navigated as a teacher educator in an international practicum setting. The analyzes of their experiences make it clear that they as teacher educators were on a learning journey similar to that of their teacher candidates. Collaborative analysis of the critical incidents conducted during this self-study enabled them to acquire greater understandings of their academic, professional, and personal identities.
Updated: Feb. 15, 2017
Pre-service Physical Education Teachers’ Indigenous Knowledge, Cultural Competency and Pedagogy: A Service Learning Intervention
In this article, the authors investigate the effects of a community- and school-based service learning experience (SLE) on pre-service physical education teachers’ Indigenous knowledge, cultural competency and pedagogy. Findings support the design of the SLE, with statistically significant changes in pre-service teachers’ perceptions of their cultural competency. Pre-service teachers were able to challenge their assumptions about Indigenous students, plan and implement student-centred and culturally relevant pedagogies.
Updated: Jan. 17, 2017
Student Teachers’ and Mentor Teachers’ Perceptions and Expectations of a Mentoring Relationship: Do They Match or Clash?
This study investigates mentor teachers’ and student teachers’ perceptions of the components of a positive mentoring relationship and its impact on the identity formation of student teachers. The findings revealed that emotional and academic support, an open line of communication and feedback were regarded as key elements of a positive mentoring relationship by both parties. However, a key difference was shown in the participants’ perceptions toward the impact of the mentoring relationship on student teachers’ identity. The research found that student teachers considered the impact of the mentoring relationship on their identity development to be highly significant, whereas only three mentor teachers held this view.
Updated: Jan. 11, 2017
Features of Effective Professional Learning: A Case Study of the Implementation of a System-Based Professional Learning Model*
This research broadly focuses on two distinct concerns: the first relates to what constitutes high-quality professional learning; and the second relates to the implementation of professional learning at the classroom level. This paper addresses each of these concerns by identifying the features of effective professional learning: focus, learning components, feedback, collaborative practices, temporal elements and coherence. The analysis of the three-case study schools suggests that the greatest benefit of system-based professional learning is the level of coherence it can provide.
Updated: Jan. 09, 2017