Search results for: Germany
Page 2/6 53 items
This article investigate teacher educators’ views of current trends and their consequences for teacher education futures. The findings reported give voice to the expert participants. The data were then used to develop the discussion which comprised two scenarios. Two major fields of change are identified here and these are used to imagine different futures through the use of a two-dimensional model. The two major fields identified from the discussion are a continuum on location of teacher education, from school based to university based, and a continuum on autonomy and regulation, ranging from high government regulation to self-regulation by the profession.
Updated: May. 07, 2017
In this study, the authors investigated the impact of two instructional strategies for using classroom video in the context of university-based teacher education on pre-service teacher learning. The authors developed two video-based modules, one using video to illustrate rules, the other using video to elicit preservice teachers’ knowledge, from which they then derived rules. . They found the two instructional strategies to be differentially effective, making distinct contributions to initial pre-service teacher learning. The findings revealed that learning environments based on the rule-example strategy fostered the reproduction of factual knowledge and its application to observe and evaluate authentic classroom sequences, whereas the example-rule strategy fostered the application of knowledge to plan a lesson and to identify challenges in a situative way.
Updated: Aug. 08, 2016
Common Pressures, Same Results? Recent Reforms in Professional Standards and Competences in Teacher Education for Secondary Teachers in England, France and Germany
This study examines how cultural influences have characterized the ‘reforms’ in each of the three countries: England, France and Germany. Four common pressures leading to the reform of teacher education in England, France and Germany are identified as professionalisation, the Bologna Process, the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and teacher recruitment.
Updated: May. 30, 2016
Big Five Personality Traits as Predictors of the Academic Success of University and College Students in Early Childhood Education
This study investigated the effects of the Big Five personality traits on academic success as measured by the final grade and study satisfaction of college and university students in early childhood education in Germany. As expected, students with higher conscientiousness also had better college and university GPAs. The findings indicated that conscientiousness corresponded with better GPAs for college and university students in early childhood education. Furthermore, school-leaving GPA was quite a good predictor of college and university GPA in this study of early childhood education. In addition, higher conscientiousness was associated with higher study satisfaction but only for college students.
Updated: Feb. 03, 2016
Teachers’ Content Knowledge and Pedagogical Content Knowledge: The Role of Structural Differences in Teacher Education
This article aims at investigating the impact of structural differences in teacher education on teachers’ CK and PCK. Therefore, the authors conducted a cross-sectional comparison with German pre- and inservice mathematics teachers at different points in their teaching careers. The findings showed that the CK of the teacher groups considered here differed significantly. As expected, the largest differences in CK and PCK were found between the beginning and the end of initial teacher education. Differences in the structures of teacher education were reasonably well reflected in participants’ CK and PCK.
Updated: Jan. 21, 2016
Professional Development for Professional Learners: Teachers’ Experiences in Norway, Germany and England
This article reports on the experiences of teachers who have had Continuing Professional Development (CPD) in Europe. The findings of this study reveal, in all three countries, similar discrepancies between the activities in which these teachers engage and the value they place on individual professional development. In most cases, teachers interviewed in this study identified not just a huge variation in their experience of professional development. According to these teachers, their professional development would appear to be neither systematic nor particularly successful. Furthermore, accountability is checked by the sorts of appraisals mentioned by many of these teachers. In many cases these are based on targets and observations, which can be used to apply pressure on individuals to take part in staff development, or indeed be used by teachers as its justification.
Updated: Nov. 17, 2015
In this article, the authors are interested to measure the preservice teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge (PCK) and their personal constructs of teaching about mathematics lesson plans during their teacher education program. The results of the content analysis show that the constructs of the pre-service teachers have a wide variation and could be summarized within different themes. TELPS could also indicate whether there is a difference between first semester pre-service teacher students’ PCK and final semester pre-service teachers’ PCK. The authors conclude that the development of PCK is an important element of any teacher education program, and TELPS appears to be useful in determining pre-service teachers’ PCK.
Updated: Nov. 09, 2015
The main objective of the present study was to explore if students and teachers perceive the same antecedents of students’ boredom. The authors asked students to report the reasons for their boredom and compared the teachers’ perceptions to the students’ answers. The results show that students were able to describe the antecedents of their boredom profoundly and in detail. The comparison of students’ and teachers’ perspectives revealed a strong correspondence. The results reveal that most of the antecedents named by students were also mentioned by teachers with only the exception of the student category teacher’s personality.
Updated: Oct. 13, 2015
How Different Mentoring Approaches Affect Beginning Teachers’ Development in the First Years of Practice
The purpose of this study is to examine whether quality and frequency of mentoring predict beginning teachers’ development of professional competence and well-being in the first two years of their career. Findings indicate that the quality of mentoring rather than its frequency explains a successful career start. Additionally, beginning teachers who experience constructivist mentoring show higher levels of efficacy, teaching enthusiasm, and job satisfaction. Constructivist mentoring also reduces emotional exhaustion after one year of training compared to teachers without constructivist mentoring.
Updated: Mar. 02, 2015
This article argues for the value of using student ratings to measure quality of teaching. An international study to test the validity of the dynamic model of educational effectiveness was conducted. At classroom level, the model consists of eight factors relating to teacher behaviour: orientation, structuring, questioning, teaching modelling, application, management of time, teacher role in making classroom a learning environment and assessment. The analyses revealed that student ratings are reliable and valid for measuring the functioning of the teacher factors of the dynamic model.
Updated: Jan. 15, 2015