Search results for: Switzerland
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Emotions are significant in the process of becoming a teacher, especially during the teaching practicum. While studies have repeatedly shown that pupils impact the emotional experiences of student teachers, little is known about student teacher emotions that are triggered by social interactions with their mentor teacher and their team partner. This is the focus of the present research. The following questions are investigated: (1) which emotions are experienced in social interaction situations in the practicum, (2) which factors trigger these emotions, and (3) based on self-determination theory, how the evoked emotions are linked to the fulfilment of basic psychological needs. In order to explore these research questions, semi-structured qualitative interviews with 27 Swiss student teachers were conducted. Thematic qualitative text analysis shows that in different interaction situations, such as successful teaching-related cooperation, support, positive feedback, and goodwill of the mentor teacher, positive emotions are triggered, which are strongly connected to need fulfilment. On the contrary, situations of failed communication, negative feedback, and lack of support are related to need threat and evoke negative emotions. This study shows the importance of emotions in interaction situations during practica and the need to focus more strongly on emotional dimensions of becoming a teacher in teacher education.
Updated: Mar. 31, 2022
Evidence-Based Practice in Teacher Education: The Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Practical Knowledge
European educational reforms call for the implementation of evidence-based teaching (EBT) in universities. Based on the evidence-based research paradigm in medical education, this study investigates the relationship between teacher educators' research experience, practical knowledge, self-efficacy beliefs, and frequency of EBT implementation. The authors report on survey data from N = 243 teacher educators from Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. A set of mediation analyses were run to identify the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs and practical knowledge in the interplay among teacher educators' research experience and frequency of research evidence implementation. The results indicate that self-efficacy beliefs are a strong predictor of how frequently teacher educators implement EBT. Implications about the role of self-efficacy beliefs in teacher educators' professional learning and development along with future steps that are necessary to increase the implementation of EBT practices in teacher education will be discussed.
Updated: Jul. 29, 2021
Competence and challenge in professional development: teacher perceptions at different stages of career
The present study investigates teachers’ perceived challenge and competence at different stages when dealing with professional requirements. A total of 655 teachers from 250 primary schools in the state of Zurich, Switzerland, at different career stages (pre-service, beginning and experienced teachers), completed a survey measuring four professional requirements in competence and challenge dimensions. Structural equation modelling was used to assess the validity of the measures and teachers’ sense of competence and perceived challenge were compared across different career stages. Beginning teachers were found to be lower in their sense of competence in all four requirements, but teachers’ experiences of challenge varied at different career stages. The findings call for attention to facilitating new teachers to accomplish the required competencies and to minimise any stress arising from the challenges they face. Promoting optimal use of resources through cooperation in the workplace may help beginning teachers to maximise their sense of competence.
Updated: Dec. 29, 2020
Analysing ‘Migrant’ Membership Frames through Education Policy Discourse: An Example of Restrictive ‘Integration’ Policy within Europe
This examination aims to deconstruct specific membership framing within Europe and boundary setting between inclusion and exclusion of certain groups in policy sectors such as education. Analysing discourse through understandings within language enables the author to see the way categories and frames are constructed and contribute to the signifying of membership. Bounded problematisations, in this case about ‘migrants’, framed by political orientations and discourses, require policy ‘solutions’. Actors then make sense of this policy and interpret ‘solutions’ in distinctive ways.
Updated: Apr. 14, 2015
The present article set out to examine the issue of whether opportunity to learn (OTL) was related to mathematics and mathematics pedagogy knowledge for future middle school mathematics teachers and for future elementary teachers who will likely teach mathematics. The authors used data from 81 randomly sampled U.S. public and private institutions as well as international data from top-achieving countries. The results showed major differences in course taking between the A+ countries and the United States, especially for lower secondary preparation programs.
Updated: Jan. 01, 2014
Teacher Education Effectiveness: Quality and Equity of Future Primary Teachers’ Mathematics and Mathematics Pedagogical Content Knowledge
This article examined across 15 countries to what extent primary teacher education can be regarded as effective and the possible reasons for inequity. The effectiveness of teacher education was examined by taking two indicators into account: future teachers’ mean achievement on a paper-and-pencil test as an indicator of quality, and the variability of teacher achievement due to background characteristics as an indicator of equity. The authors conclude that none of the TEDS-M countries was successful on both indicators of teacher education effectiveness with respect to background characteristics, gender, and language. Singapore and Taiwan may be regarded as the most effective teacher education systems, with high achievement and gender equity on MPCK and high achievement and language.
Updated: Dec. 25, 2013
Becoming a VET Teacher as a Second Career: Investigating the Determinants of Career Choice and their Relation to Perceptions about Prior Occupation
The authors examine the factors influencing the choice of a second career as a vocational education and training (VET) teacher in Switzerland. The results provide an examination of validity of the FIT-Choice scale in a new context, a picture of the determinants of VET teachers' career choice, and an analysis of the relations between perceptions of prior occupations and these determinants, controlling for individual characteristics.
Updated: Jun. 05, 2013
Mathematics Teacher Education Quality in TEDS-M: Globalizing the Views of Future Teachers and Teacher Educators
This article seeks to explore teacher education quality in terms of effectiveness among various countries. This study shows that future teachers report that they benefit from both academic and school-based instructors in every participating country. Data indicate that United States have well-organized programs and the most synchronized teaching in TEPs at both the lower secondary and primary levels.
Updated: Feb. 18, 2013