Search results for: Standards
Page 3/4 40 items
The Penetration of Technocratic Logic into the Educational Field: Rationalizing Schooling from the Progressives to the Present
This article compares three major movements demanding accountability in American education across: The efficiency reforms of the Progressive Era; The movement toward accountability in the late 1960s and early 1970s; and The modern standards and accountability movement, culminating in No Child Left Behind. This paper considers the three movements as cases of school “rationalization” in the Weberian sense in that each sought to reduce variation and discretion across schools in favor of increasingly formal systems of standardized top-down control.
Updated: Jul. 03, 2013
Professionalism and the Post-Performative Teacher: New Teachers Reflect on Autonomy and Accountability in the English School System
This study explores the developing professional identity of a new generation of teachers, largely educated during the growth era of ‘performative schooling’ of the 1990s.The article draws specifically on the English experience of reforms in the management of schools and teacher education. The author concludes that these teachers are aware of the potential conflicts between the demands of accountability and the desire for autonomy, but are generally comfortable with the balance they feel able to strike between these.
Updated: Jul. 01, 2013
A national professional development (PD) framework was developed for the implementation of science standards published by the Israeli Ministry of Education, which was activated before introduction of the standards into the classroom. This research examines the contribution of PD and instruction to the implementation of science standards and whether seniority in teaching together with PD assisted in the implementation. The findings reveal that seniority in teaching helped in implementation, even though veteran teachers usually find it more difficult to accept change.
Updated: May. 29, 2013
This article outlines how lesson study can inform the use of teaching standards to shift the focus to centre on learning rather than teaching to richly inform national and international views on the use of teaching standards.
Updated: Mar. 24, 2013
Standards-Based Performance Assessment for the Evaluation of Student Teachers: A Consequential Validity Study
The study was conducted to evaluate the consequential validity of the instrument Samples of Teaching Performance (STP). The participants in the study were 20 supervisors and 62 student teachers from three elementary and five secondary teacher preparation programs in Chile. Student teachers described how this assessment had honed their sense of professionalism and promoted learning of the skills assessed. Supervisors reported enlarging the topics discussed with student teachers and making some changes to the supervisory process.
Updated: Mar. 22, 2011
International Organisations and the Shared Construction of Policy ‘Problems’: Problematisation and Change in Education Governance in Europe
Thispaper develops the idea that IOs, and particularly the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), have had significant policy influence within the context of education policy development in the European education space. The article focuses on an examination of the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the more recent Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) in order to discuss processes of problematisation and normalisation of the notions of ‘skills’ and ‘competencies’ by the two major European IOs, the OECD and the European Commission. The article examines the ways both concepts have turned into a policy problem in need of soft governance through new data, standards and policy solutions.
Updated: Jan. 25, 2011
A Freirean Critique of the Competence Model of Teacher Education, Focusing on the Standards for Qualified Teacher Status in England
This article presents a radical critique of the competence-driven initial teacher education (ITE) paradigm. The critique focuses on the official standards for qualified teacher status in England and Wales. The developing perspective here is that based on critical pedagogy (CP), as presented and proposed by Paulo Freire and others.
Updated: Sep. 27, 2010
The number of students taking online courses in K-12 has increased exponentially since the inception of virtual schools in 1996. However, K-12 virtual schooling is a relatively new concept for those involved in teacher education. This article describes several major attempts to form standards and best practices. In doing so, the article also examines the research backing and the need for additional research to support such standards.
Updated: Sep. 27, 2010
A Grounded Theory of Propective Teachers' Meta-Cognitive Process: Internalizing the Professional Standards of Teaching
This qualitative research study examined 190 concurrent education students' case-based reflections from 2005 to 2008. The participants were enrolled in their third year of a 5-year education program in an Ontario university in Canada. The article describes the use of constant comparison and theoretical saturation that identified two core categories emerging from participants' meta-cognitive analysis to describe how students internalized and interpreted the Standards of Practice for the Teaching Profession. The core categories were identified as the spectrum of participants' emotional reactions and the capacity to examine circumstances in the context of professional standards.
Updated: Jun. 29, 2010
A HOUSSE Built on Quicksand? Exploring the Teacher Quality Conundrum for Secondary Special Education Teachers
In this study, the authors focus on one highly contested provision of the No Child Left Behind Act, which allows states flexibility in how the quality of teachers is defined and evaluated: the high, objective, uniform state standard of evaluation (HOUSSE) option. The authors conducted a national survey of representatives from each state to explore how HOUSSE is being interpreted for secondary special education teachers. Findings indicate that significant variability in the interpretation and implementation of the HOUSSE provision exists across states and that numerous challenges with the implementation of federal teacher quality requirements persist and difficulties with holding districts accountable for teacher quality provisions.
Updated: Jun. 15, 2010