Search results for: Preservice teachers
Page 1/116 1155 items
The development and testing of an online scenario-based learning activity to prepare preservice teachers for teaching placements
In this study the authors report two studies on the testing of a scenario-based learning (SBL) activity delivered to 191 preservice teachers in the UK and Australia. SBL uses interactive classroom scenarios to enhance the self-efficacy and classroom readiness of preservice teachers. Findings from Study 1 indicated that participants found the activity engaging and useful, with increased self-efficacy and preparedness for teaching placements. Findings from Study 2 revealed that most participants reported higher levels of placement self-efficacy and preparedness. There was a statistically significant intervention effect on emotional classroom readiness, but not on teaching self-efficacy, motivational classroom readiness, or cognitive classroom readiness.
Updated: Jan. 19, 2022
This article reported how five preservice teachers constructed and developed their teacher identity in a year-long teacher residency partnered between a university-based teacher education program and schools in Louisiana, United States. Drawing on a sociocultural approach to identity development and the ‘third space’ theory, qualitative data were collected from individual interviews, classroom observations, and document analysis. Findings suggested that participants experienced an ongoing teacher identity construction while learning to teach in the hybrid, in-between ‘third space’ residency. Key elements of the residency, including the mentored co-teaching experiences and learning opportunities situated in authentic school contexts, facilitated the participants’ learning about teaching and teacher identity negotiation. Implications for teacher education practice, policy, and research were discussed.
Updated: Jan. 10, 2022
This article examines the phenomenon of failure in a Bachelor of Education practicum from the perspectives of preservice teachers. Utilizing a phenomenological theoretical framework and methodology, the perspectives of four preservice teachers are shared. The data were drawn from practicum reports, field notes, interviews, and student teacher questionnaires. Analysis of the findings reveals how insufficient content knowledge, inadequate planning, and avoidance of difficult discussions lead to failure. Further analysis of the sequence of events leading up to the failure reveals the significance of clear and authentic communication in the early days of the placement. Although the four preservice teachers struggled with failure, they also demonstrated resilience in their quest to become teachers. The authors conclude with six essential questions that help to mitigate failure.
Updated: Jan. 04, 2022
Teach as I Say, Not as I Do: How Preservice Teachers Made Sense of the Mismatch between How They Were Expected to Teach and How They Were Taught in Their Professional Training Program
A challenge for teacher educators is providing preservice teachers with the opportunity to develop the confidence and efficacy required to address their future students’ socio-cultural, academic, and social-emotional needs in this era of standardization, accountability, and limited resources. This case study investigated this issue by examining how a sample of preservice teachers made sense of how their coursework supported them in becoming teachers who center their practices on the needs and interests of their current and future students while attending to policymakers’ reforms. By analyzing the findings of this study, it becomes apparent that these preservice teachers questioned whether the coursework in their program supported their development in becoming classroom teachers in a manner that reflected how their instructors expected them to teach their students. Interpreting these findings provides insight into how teacher educators and their programs can better support preservice teachers’ confidence and efficacy as they enter their future classrooms.
Updated: Jan. 03, 2022
Learning to Plan During the Clinical Experience: How Visions of Teaching Influence Novices’ Opportunities to Practice
In this study, the authors document pre-service teachers’ (PSTs) opportunities to learn about planning for equitable and ambitious instruction during clinical placements. They also test whether these opportunities vary by the level of participants’ perceived congruence between the vision of science teaching supported in their university coursework and the instructional practices and learning culture of their host classrooms. They analyzed interview and survey responses of 65 science PSTs from three preparation programs which required their novices to learn about planning and teaching that was consistent with research-based reforms. In placements where novices could participate in planning practices that were perceived as congruent with these reform-based visions, they were more likely than peers in low-congruence classrooms to engage in educative co-planning with a mentor, to take up responsibilities for planning lessons earlier in the school year and for longer periods of time, and to receive useful feedback from mentors.
Updated: Dec. 16, 2021
Transitioning from primary-grade classrooms to infant/toddler rooms: early childhood preservice teachers’ growth and challenges
This qualitative study explores how a group of preservice teachers, all of whom had been well prepared to become primary-grade teachers, made a transition into infant/toddler group care settings. The authors used the teachers’ daily journal entries, individual interview, document analysis (course syllabus, weekly planning sheets), and weekly team planning meetings as data sources. Findings revealed that the teachers initially struggled to work with the infants/toddlers and that their long-held notions of children, teaching, and learning were challenged. Yet, their daily work with the children over 15 weeks of practicum helped them deepen and broaden and become more skillful and insightful of early childhood education, which the teachers found applicable to primary-grade teaching.
Updated: Nov. 29, 2021
Pre-service early childhood teachers (PECTs) are expected to support young children’s engaged and meaningful use of ICT for early learning and development. Unless teachers believe that ICT is beneficial for young children, they will be unable or unwilling to encourage and support children’s use of ICT in educational environments. This paper aims to uncover PECTs’ attitudes and intentions regarding young children’s use of ICT through a survey on 410 PECTs in a Chinese university. The majority of the PECTs had low positive perceptions of the role of ICT for young children, whereas they expressed great willingness to support young children’s use of ICT. There are considerable parameters which influence both PECTs’ attitudes and intentions: ICT ownership and daily use, the frequency of ICT use, ICT professional learning or training and ICT skills. Implications for PECTs teacher education preparation were discussed.
Updated: Nov. 25, 2021
This paper explores the experience of emotion for eight preservice teachers as they learn to assess their students while concurrently being assessed. This qualitative study utilised semi-structured interviews and assessment-related artefacts. Findings indicate that emotional engagement influenced preservice teachers’ assessment decision making. The teachers also experienced emotional reactions as in turn they were assessed. This paper argues for the need of preservice teachers to be cognisant of the influence of emotion on themselves and their work, to allow them to better rationalise their assessment decision making and reflect on their practice.
Updated: Nov. 18, 2021
The Impact on Pre-service Teachers’ Perceptions toward Co-Teaching from Being a Learner in Co-taught College Courses
This qualitative study investigated pre-service teachers’ perceptions toward co-teaching after experiencing co-taught sessions within a special education methods class and literacy methods class. For two semesters, participants included cohort groups in a dual teacher license program in elementary and special education. The authors gathered information through surveys, exit notes, and focus-group interviews about pre-service teachers’ perceptions of six different types of co-teaching approaches and the impact of co-teaching on students’ learning. After participating in the co-taught lessons, pre-service teachers expressed more positive perceptions toward co-teaching’s impact on student learning, and a greater willingness to implement co-teaching in their future teaching. The results also suggest that a co-teaching instructional approach used within a university classroom affects pre-service teachers’ perceptions of the benefit and intended future use of that co-teaching instructional approach.
Updated: Nov. 17, 2021
Learning to Think like a Teacher: Effects of Video Reflection on Preservice Teachers’ Practice and Pedagogy
This article analyzes qualitative data from preservice teachers and university supervisors who took part in a study where preservice teachers used video software to record their instruction, reflect on the recording, send the recording to a supervisor, and then meet with the supervisor to review and discuss essential pedagogical elements. Using video to reflect on practice had a positive impact on preservice teachers’ pedagogical practices, classroom management strategies, and learner engagement methods, suggesting that using video to reflect and to direct can have a positive impact on the development of preservice teachers.
Updated: Nov. 11, 2021