Search results for: Preservice teachers
Page 1/118 1178 items
Understanding and addressing the challenges of teaching an online CLIL course: a teacher education study
This exploratory action research study aims to understand the challenges that a group of pre-service teachers faced while participating in an undergraduate course unit introducing Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) teaching in an online context (Cycle 1), and the way in which they implemented plans of action (Cycle 2) to address issues uncovered in Cycle 1. The study found that the pre-service teachers experienced problems applying appropriate English teaching approaches to promote their pupils’ communicative competence. Four measures were applied in Cycle 2, such as restructuring the training-teaching module, reinforcing the concept of English as a lingua franca to promote students’ communicative skills, selecting authentic materials to enhance students’ motivation, and obtaining administrative support to resolve technological problems. The results from English proficiency tests showed that the pupils improved their reading and listening skills in Cycle 2. Although the actions taken in Cycle 2 were focused on improving pupils’ English abilities, these actions also had the effect of enhancing the pre-service teachers’ CLIL pedagogical concepts, such as the translanguaging approach. The study provides a detailed description of CLIL teaching with online storybooks and adds to the body of much-needed studies of CLIL in practice, especially in the Asian context.
Updated: Jun. 27, 2022
A critical mass of literacy scholars have re-defined what it means to prepare reading teachers toward approaches that foreground culture, critical inquiry, and multilingualism. An upsurge in research on critical approaches to prepare caring and conscious reading teachers has resulted, though fewer studies have examined the ways novice teachers worked through moments of crisis that often accompany anti-racist learning experiences. This study reports findings from a qualitative investigation of seven prospective teachers’ coursework during their participation in an elementary reading methods course framed around culturally relevant literacy teaching for teacher learning. Findings begin to document specific activities PSTs engaged in to productively struggle through crisis and suggest that preservice teachers can and should wrestle with the complexities of effective literacy teaching for African American and Hispanic readers in ways that lay the foundation for culturally relevant teaching. Implications for literacy teacher education and research are included.
Updated: May. 15, 2022
Digital competence in the training of pre-service teachers: Perceptions of students in the degrees of early childhood education and primary education
The objective of this work was to take a close look at the profile of the digital competence of pre-service early childhood and primary school teachers. To this end, 200 students from Education degrees participated in filling out the Perceptions Questionnaire on Digital Competence. The results show that future teachers present a medium level of digital competence and have some difficulties with the dimension related to the creation of content. Also, results show how over the years, and sometimes over the courses, the dimensions of teaching digital competence improve significantly. No significant differences were found regarding type of university and gender. These results have important implications for curriculum design and teacher training regarding digital competence development in pre-service teachers.
Updated: May. 14, 2022
“We’re More than Cows and Plows”: Preservice Agriculture Teachers Use Young Adult Literature to Construct Professional Identities
The purpose of this collective case study was to explore the impact of using young adult literature in a content area literacy course to leverage the development of professional identities in preservice agriculture teachers (n= 4). Empirical studies of the literacy-based experiences and professional development of agricultural education majors are often absent in teacher education scholarship despite a growing need for agricultural expertise in schools. Interdisciplinary groupings, disciplinary textual study, and teaching demonstrations comprised participant activities in which participants catalyzed their pedagogies through literature. The study followed the qualitative principles of case study methodology and employed interviews, field notes, and artifactual analysis over the course of eight weeks. Results show participants cultivated professional identities by constructing literacy-based learning communities, practicing agricultural instructional design, establishing themselves as experts across multiple fields, and exhibiting feelings of isolation and skepticism in their ability to transfer literary-infused agricultural education from the preservice setting to practice in schools. Implications, interpretations, and recommendations for research are also discussed.
Updated: May. 14, 2022
Through investigating the experience of e-portfolio use by pre-service teachers (PSTs), this article provides significant evidence about the high-quality implementation of e-portfolios in higher education. The reasons behind the participants’ success in an e-portfolio-based unit is explored. In particular, the research explores the reasons why several participants were more successful than others when using e-portfolios. This is the first research that has examined PSTs perspectives on e-portfolio-based learning within constructivism, students’ approach to learning (SAL), the 3 P model (presage, process, and product) of learning, and self-regulated learning (SRL). This article aims to examine the efficacy of e-portfolios as an evidence-based strategy for the demonstration of pre-service teachers (PSTs) teaching philosophy. PSTs (N = 73) used e-portfolios to demonstrate their understanding of the Australian Institute of Teaching and School Leadership (AITSL) standards in their teacher education program. The participants in this research presented samples of evidence about teaching philosophy, internship, and professional development experiences to cover professional knowledge, professional practice, and professional engagement in their e-portfolios. The reported research in this article is part of a larger research project and in accordance with the applied theoretical framework, gives a central focus on how PSTs perceive, conceive, and interpret the e-portfolios at universities.
Updated: May. 11, 2022
Across the globe, the COVID-19 pandemic has drastically altered the educational landscape, creating new professional realities for practicing and future teachers. As teacher educators prepare preservice teachers for the uncertainty of online and in-person teaching, more information is needed around how mentor teachers designed and implemented their emergency online lessons at the beginning of the pandemic. This study explores the topic by analyzing data from 31 mentor teachers surveyed about their teaching experiences between March and June 2020. The findings suggest that most of the mentor teachers defined similar priorities for creating equitable access to their instructional materials. Accordingly, the mentor teachers focused on increasing their students’ access to digital content, designing instruction that considered families’ capacity for support, and encouraging student engagement in online learning. These findings have implications for how teacher educators learn from mentor teachers’ experiences during this unprecedented period, and work to prepare preservice teachers for the challenges and complexities of online teaching—ultimately helping them develop the skills to adapt to future, unfamiliar teaching environments.
Updated: May. 11, 2022
Pre-service teachers' understanding of culture in multicultural education: A qualitative content analysis
As culture is the core concept in multicultural education, this paper focuses on teachers' understanding of culture, which is a factor in implementing multicultural education successfully. The present study investigates 231 generalist and bilingual pre-service teachers’ definitions of culture and whether or not there is a difference in the number of descriptors used by the groups. To analyze the data collected through a survey, the author conducted a qualitative content analysis and then ran a 2 × 2 factorial ANOVA. Although there is no statistical difference between the groups, bilingual pre-service teachers showed a deeper understanding of culture.
Updated: May. 08, 2022
Barriers and supports to nutrition education in the early childhood classroom are most often presented from in-service teachers’ perspective. Little work has been done to understand pre-service early childhood educators’ perceptions of barriers and supports before entering the classroom. The purpose of this study was to identify early childhood pre-service teachers’ perceived barriers and supports to nutrition education. Using phenomenology, eleven in-depth telephone interviews were conducted with early childhood pre-service teachers from two public universities in North Carolina. Three major themes were revealed: (1) identification of barriers and supports, (2) individual perceptions of nutrition education and the potential influence of barriers and supports, and (3) educational background and training. Pre-service teachers reported human resources (e.g. colleagues, collaborators, administrators), resource availability (materials, time), and policy constraints as anticipated barriers and/or supports. Participants’ perceptions of how they would experience barriers and supports in practice varied, but teachers were generally positive about their ability to overcome potential barriers and obtain needed support. Implications and recommendations for teacher-education programs and the early childhood field are discussed. Relevant pre-service trainings, integration of nutrition education into curriculum, and development of teacher self-efficacy are needed to prepare teachers to navigate barriers and supports in early childhood education.
Updated: Apr. 11, 2022
Cooperative learning in teacher education: its effects on EFL pre-service teachers’ content knowledge and teaching self-efficacy
This study examined the effect of Cooperative learning (CL) on content knowledge and teaching self-efficacy of EFL pre-service teachers using a pre-test/post-test quasi-experimental design. The experimental group (N = 35) and the control group (N = 30) were randomly selected from two Cambodian regional teacher training centres. For 16 weeks, the experimental group was exposed to CL while the control group participated in lecture-based learning. Data was collected before and after the experiment through an achievement test and an adapted scale on teaching self-efficacy. The ANCOVA results revealed that the EFL pre-service teachers in the experimental group outperformed their conventionally trained counterparts in terms of grammar and vocabulary achievement and teaching self-efficacy. This study adds to the existing literature, showing that CL significantly contributes to the increase in content knowledge and teaching self-efficacy among EFL pre-service teachers and highlights the need for applying CL in pre-service instruction.
Updated: Apr. 05, 2022
Emotions are significant in the process of becoming a teacher, especially during the teaching practicum. While studies have repeatedly shown that pupils impact the emotional experiences of student teachers, little is known about student teacher emotions that are triggered by social interactions with their mentor teacher and their team partner. This is the focus of the present research. The following questions are investigated: (1) which emotions are experienced in social interaction situations in the practicum, (2) which factors trigger these emotions, and (3) based on self-determination theory, how the evoked emotions are linked to the fulfilment of basic psychological needs. In order to explore these research questions, semi-structured qualitative interviews with 27 Swiss student teachers were conducted. Thematic qualitative text analysis shows that in different interaction situations, such as successful teaching-related cooperation, support, positive feedback, and goodwill of the mentor teacher, positive emotions are triggered, which are strongly connected to need fulfilment. On the contrary, situations of failed communication, negative feedback, and lack of support are related to need threat and evoke negative emotions. This study shows the importance of emotions in interaction situations during practica and the need to focus more strongly on emotional dimensions of becoming a teacher in teacher education.
Updated: Mar. 31, 2022