Search results for: Theories
Page 1/9 87 items
This article describes how research-based knowledge was used in practice in an action research project which examined student dropout. The research was conducted as ‘research circles’ and involved systematic and organised cooperation between researchers and practitioners, in this case college teachers. Based on interviews with the teachers, the authors found that research-based knowledge was used in a variety of ways: as concepts for discussing real-world experiences, as confirmation of the teachers’ practical experiences, as a frame for understanding praxis, to inform action, to conduct research activities, and as a way of legitimising the importance of the practitioners’ performance in their daily work. The teachers used knowledge from previous research as well as that developed during the course of the project. However, findings indicated that research-based knowledge appeared to be more useful for talking about and understanding practice rather than guiding practical action. In order to deepen its impact on practitioners’ actions, researchers and practitioners should work together to translate research-based knowledge and theoretical concepts into practice and specify how practitioners can apply it when developing their actions. Therefore, action researchers should allocate time to the process of transforming research-based knowledge into practical actions – in co-operation with practitioners – as an integral part of their research project.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Lesson study (LS) is a collaborative practice of inquiry in which teachers design a lesson plan and work to improve it and its execution after observing its instruction. Originating in Japan, LS is recognised in international research as a useful mechanism for teachers’ training and professional development. However, research reveals that misconceptions arise when LS is adopted outside of Japan, and different authors have called for further theoretical development to increase comprehension of the process. In response, the authors analyse three LS’ key components (phases, product and teachers’ cooperation) from the perspective of the epistemology of complexity, highlighting the role of emergence, the ecology of action, and joint reflection. They suggest that viewing LS through the lens of complexity can allow teachers to gain a deeper understanding of this practice and to apply it more successfully.
Updated: Oct. 25, 2020
Cascading, Colliding, and Mediating: How Teacher Preparation and K-12 Education Contexts Influence Mentor Teachers’ Work
In this conceptual article, the authors present a theoretical framework designed to illustrate the many contexts and factors that interact and shape the work of mentor teachers. Drawing on the literature on K-12 teaching and on teacher preparation, they argue for greater acknowledgment of the complex work of mentor teachers as they navigate multiple contexts. They conclude by considering how this framework helps to better understand the work of mentor teachers and by offering suggestions for teacher preparation programs and K-12 schools to better support mentor teachers and best prepare teacher candidates.
Updated: Jul. 18, 2020
In this article, the authors argue for paying close attention to the materiality of practice in understanding the work of teacher educators; specifically, the meanings of artefacts used by teacher educators in the course of their daily work. They locate this analysis within a dialectical materialist understanding of the development of human activity, providing examples of artefacts-in-use in initial teacher education and the meanings accorded to these artefacts by the teacher educators they observed and interviewed. Their aim is to make a case for what is afforded epistemologically when researchers pay attention to artefacts from a dialectical materialist viewpoint.
Updated: Jul. 04, 2017
This article describes an aspect of reflective practice referred to as situated reflective practice. It is argued that there exist some situations where a person will find themselves in a position over which they have little control, avoidance or veto. This study's major conclusion was that key interview themes enabled the delineation of a series of five characteristics representing increasing structural distance in space and time between the reflective practitioner and the professional situation in which they work.
Updated: Jul. 04, 2016
Postgraduate Student Teachers’ Developing Conceptions of the Place of Theory in Learning to Teach: ‘More Important to Me Now Than When I Started’
This article reports on the developing conceptions held by a group of postgraduate student teachers about the relationship of theory to classroom practice in learning to teach. The authors capture participants’ preconceptions about theory before beginning training and subsequent developments through the course and into the first teaching post. The students saw theoretical knowledge as preparation for the classroom and something to be applied in practice. As newly qualified teachers, the participants not only see theory as integral to their practice, but recognise the important, largely unanticipated, role of the university in this process.
Updated: May. 30, 2016
This paper synthesizes literature related to critical race theory (CRT) and disability theory to elucidate the need for a critical ability theory in teacher education. Combining the tenets of CRT and disability theories provides a lens for viewing how power and privilege affect public and private conceptions of what it means to have a special need.
Updated: Oct. 12, 2015
This article utilizes five characteristics of “good” scientific theory: accuracy, consistency, scope, simplicity, and fruitfulness- taken from the work of Thomas Kuhn. Based upon this examination, four suggestions are provided to support future research into technology integration that seek to help address limitations in the TPACK framework and to inform its appropriate and thoughtful use in research and practice.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2015
Teachers’ Implicit Theories of Intelligence: Influences from Different Disciplines and Scientific Theories
This study aimed to investigate if teachers within different disciplines hold different beliefs about implicit theories of intelligence and secondly to provide a better understanding of the scientific theories of intelligence in relation to the implicit. The authors also investigated if preferences for implicit theories of intelligence have anything to do with age or experience among teachers. The findings revealed that teachers from language, social science and practical disciplines had a significant preference for an incremental theory of intelligence compared to an entity theory of intelligence whilst the teachers in mathematics did not. The results from this study also show that (1) older and more experienced teachers and (2) younger and less experienced teachers had a stronger preference toward entity theories of intelligence.
Updated: Jul. 28, 2015
Understanding Emotions As Situated, Embodied, and Fissured: Thinking with Theory to Create an Analytical Tool
This article introduces a new analytical tool, a critical performative analysis of emotion (CPAE), that draws upon three theoretical perspectives: emotions as situated, as embodied, and as fissured. These three theoretical perspectives -i.e. critical sociocultural, narrative, and rhizomatic- allow researchers to think with theory.
Updated: Mar. 16, 2015