Search results for: Elementary education
Page 1/5 50 items
Developing Teachers as Critical Curators: Investigating Elementary Preservice Teachers’ Inspirations for Lesson Planning
Internet resources abound for preservice teacher (PST) use today, but we do not know how they choose and describe their implementation of them. This study investigates 158 elementary PSTs’ lesson plans across eight courses to describe plan inspiration and justification. PSTs reported being inspired by cooperating teachers (CTs), friends and family members, university courses, and Internet resources. In some cases, these PSTs simply followed lesson plans given to them. In other cases, they collected, curated, synthesized, and applied ideas based on inspirations, showing dispositions of New Literacies Theory. This study provides evidence that teacher educators need to engage PSTs in intentionally developing the skills of curation by acknowledging and modeling the depth and breadth of resources, including those that are not necessarily sanctioned. Implications include ways that teacher educators can frame PSTs’ understandings as they critically consume online resources through Critical Curation Theory.
Updated: Mar. 15, 2021
Imagination, Brokers, and Boundary Objects: Interrupting the Mentor–Preservice Teacher Hierarchy When Negotiating Meanings
The mentor–preservice teacher hierarchy, that privileges mentor teacher talk and experience, often dominates mentor–preservice conversations. To realize the full potential of teacher education approaches designed to engage preservice and mentor teachers together in shared learning and teaching tasks, attention is needed to better understand the dynamics and implications of mentor–preservice teacher interactions. The authors analyzed how and when preservice and mentor teachers introduced ideas to group conversations and whose ideas were taken up by the group during a co-learning task. They found that mentor teachers tended to dominate group sense-making. However, preservice teacher use of imagination, the actions of teacher educators as brokers, and the use of boundary objects temporarily interrupted the dominant hierarchy. The authors conjecture that these moments raised preservice teacher status within the group so that mentor teachers took up preservice teachers’ ideas.
Updated: Jul. 19, 2020
The Development of Teachers’ Visions from Preservice into their First Years Teaching: A Longitudinal Study
This study describes the visions of nine teachers over the course of seven years. The results highlight how the teachers articulated clear visions for their students that focused on helping them become motivated, successful, lifelong learners, and these teachers designed their instruction and classroom environments to support their visions. The authors found, however, these teachers encountered far more obstacles to enacting their visions than they did affordances for working toward them.
Updated: Oct. 14, 2018
Student-Teachers’ Verbal Communication Patterns during their Teaching Practice in ‘Studies for the Environment’ subject in Early Greek Primary Classes
This research examines the quality of student–teachers’ (STs’) verbal communication during their teaching practice on the ‘Studies for the Environment’ subject. It also identifies potential factors affecting it. The results reveal that student teachers clearly dominate classroom discussion, the questions they address to their students are of poor quality, and are not facilitating the development of students’ critical thinking. The findings reveal that the student teachers used types of questions that do not consider students as researchers and do not provide them the opportunity to develop the fundamental skills specified in the ‘Studies for the Environment’ curricula, requiring them to be able to investigate complex issues. The authors also found that the factors influencing STs’ verbal communication are the absence of relevant theoretical and practical background, the inappropriate training school setting and the lack of teaching experience are the most prominent.
Updated: Apr. 26, 2018
Building on prior analyses, this article elaborates a particular pedagogy of enactment, rehearsal, developed through a collaboration of elementary mathematics teacher educators (TEs) across three institutions.
Updated: Jun. 07, 2017
present study examines the effectiveness of service-learning as a pedagogical approach that seeks to bridge the gap of understanding between predominantly White undergraduate preservice teachers (PSTs) and diverse students at a local elementary school. Analysis of ‘before’ and ‘after’ reflective papers and surveys from 23 PSTs enrolled in an entry-level education course as well as reflective letters from 41 fourth-grade students, revealed that prior to the project, PSTs feared that students’ language barriers or home circumstances might prohibit them from understanding or valuing the concepts introduced through the project.
Updated: Jun. 04, 2017
Conceptualising the Research–Practice–Professional Development Nexus: Mobilising Schools as ‘Research-Engaged’ Professional Learning Communities
This article argues the need for coherent, holistic frameworks offering insightful understandings as well as viable, connected and synergistic solutions to schools in addressing pressing problems arising from the acknowledged gaps between research, practice and professional development. Specifically, three themes conceptualise existing problems faced by schools and their possible solutions: first, bridging the research–policy–practice gap by mobilising knowledge more effectively through knowledge producers and consumers working collaboratively; second, valuing and integrating both tacit knowledge and academic coded knowledge; and third, raising the professionalism and reflectivity of teachers and leaders.
Updated: Sep. 28, 2016
Strategy Ranges: Describing Change in Prospective Elementary Teachers’ Approaches to Mental Computation of Sums and Differences
This article investigated the sets of mental computation strategies used by prospective elementary teachers to compute sums and differences of whole numbers. In the context of an intervention designed to improve the number sense of prospective elementary teachers, participants were interviewed pre/post, and their mental computation strategies were analyzed. The analysis led to the identification of the strategy ranges used by the participants, as well as descriptions of changes pre/post in those strategy ranges.
Updated: Feb. 29, 2016
This article describes the aspects of iPad use which preservice teachers perceived as beneficial in the forces and motion unit. The results revealed that at many stages of this process, the preservice teachers used iPads to abstract ideas from physical experience. Preservice teachers’ responses showed that these experiences were perceived as valuable, both in terms of an understanding of the underlying content and completion of the project as a whole. Additionally, participants described how the iPad influenced instructional efficiency, engagement, and social learning. The authors recommend that it is highly relevant to the development of preservice teachers’ critical pedagogical skills that they confront and discuss both the strengths and weakness of the iPads for various purposes, as well as analyze the way the device shapes student interaction.
Updated: Feb. 26, 2015
Noticing and Naming as Social Practice: Examining the Relevance of a Contextualized Field-Based Early Childhood Literacy Methods Course
This study examines what early childhood preservice teachers enrolled in a field-based literacy methods course deemed relevant regarding teaching, literacy, and learning. The authors recognize that learning to teach and learning to see oneself as a teacher does not happen within one course or within one field placement. However, they were surprised to find that preservice teachers became more attuned to the more nuanced and complex practices that shape learning and children’s identities as learners. The authors believe early childhood preservice teachers in the study developed the social practice of noticing and naming because they were continually asked to pay close attention to the learners in front of them in relationship to course readings, discussions, and observations.
Updated: Jan. 11, 2015