Search results for: No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
Page 1/2 17 items
Preservice Elementary Teachers’ Understandings of Competing Notions of Academic Achievement Coexisting in Post-NCLB Public Schools
In this article, the authors focus on the coexisting discourses of academic achievement circulating within in the participants’ teaching credential preparation experience. Analysis and interpretation of the participants’ transcripts revealed the presence of two separate, distinct discourses, both of which shared the name academic achievement. The first notion, called “academic progress”, reflects a developmental viewpoint. In this perspective, students are understood to have experienced academic achievement when they demonstrate levels of skill and knowledge more advanced than they held previously. The second notion, called “academic success”, reflects a mastery orientation. In this perspective, students are understood to be achieving academically when they master the knowledge and skills designated for their grade level at an appropriate pace.
Updated: May. 20, 2014
The Penetration of Technocratic Logic into the Educational Field: Rationalizing Schooling from the Progressives to the Present
This article compares three major movements demanding accountability in American education across: The efficiency reforms of the Progressive Era; The movement toward accountability in the late 1960s and early 1970s; and The modern standards and accountability movement, culminating in No Child Left Behind. This paper considers the three movements as cases of school “rationalization” in the Weberian sense in that each sought to reduce variation and discretion across schools in favor of increasingly formal systems of standardized top-down control.
Updated: Jul. 03, 2013
This article examines the intensification and complexity associated with modern accountability systems in education. The article then focuses on the politics of accountability embedded within efforts of Pennsylvania Department of Education to redesign the accreditation process for teacher education programs in Pennsylvania. The Pennsylvania case illustrates some of the ways in which proponents of accountability-based reform have framed the issues and used formal authority to move their agenda forward. However, these policy makers disregard a variety of well-known negative consequences faced by Pennsylvania's public schools, as well as the nature of the proposed solutions. This case study points toward the need for greater openness and cooperation in the policy process.
Updated: Mar. 17, 2013
This paper identifies media literacy education as an essential framework for housing a sophisticated repertoire of knowledge, skills, and dispositions for 21st-century teacher preparation. This article illustrates the ways in which media literacy catalyzes essential knowledge, skills and dispositions by (1) contextualizing technological proficiency, (2) promoting pedagogical excellence, and (3) enacting democratic ideals.
Updated: Jan. 14, 2013
This article examines the impact of discourses upon teachers who strive to be professionals amidst the US No Child Left Behind era. The author used qualitative research methodology and ethnographic techniques to conduct a case study within the context of a teacher learning community comprised of two female secondary teachers and the researcher. This article illuminates how a teacher learning community becomes a space for agency for the ‘teacher as professional’ and how teacher development can be sustained within a contemporary context of compliance and accountability.
Updated: Aug. 21, 2012
This article represents a tentative step toward understanding the social and psychological underpinnings of education reform in the United States during the last quarter century. This analytic essay uses a review of the literature, including psychoanalytic research on narcissism and narcissistic parenting as well as contemporary critical theory related to education reform, to examine arguments and policies evidenced in A Nation at Risk and No Child Left Behind.
Updated: Oct. 27, 2011
This Bernsteinian analysis conceptualizes No Child Left Behind legislation in the United States as a recent and deliberate shift towards a “performance” model of official pedagogic discourse. The paper posits that this shift carries the capacity to fundamentally alter teachers' professional practices and identities
Updated: Jan. 12, 2010
The author is a high school teacher who reflects on the impact of Obama's election on the students in her high school classroom. She found that the election enthusiasm highlighted for her the ways that schooling under NCLB has constrained both educators and students. Obama's election may bring hope to learners of all ages, especially to many teachers who had been beaten down by eight years of NCLB. However, the author advises skepticism toward the changes education secretary Arne Duncan might bring. The author calls on teachers, families, and unions to collaborate in demanding the freedom to nurture true learning.
Updated: Sep. 14, 2009
Leaving No Child Behind Yet Allowing None Too Far Ahead: Ensuring (In)Equity in Mathematics Education Through the Science of Measurement and Instruction
This inquiry raises questions about the manner in which the No Child Left Behind Act aims to improve mathematics education through an increased reliance on “objective” science. Specifically, the argument put forth here is that the policies of the No Child Left Behind Act leverage and intensify the “dividing practices” instituted in the early 20th century as a means of justifying the differential stratification of students in schools, thereby making equitable educational outcomes less likely than not.
Updated: Dec. 17, 2008
The author explores the challenges and promises of value-added assessment. Yet, value-added assessment is limited in its explanatory powers because it focuses only on certain types of knowledge and needs to be used in conjunction with other estimates. As such, the author provides a variety of perspectives to help educational stakeholders explore the assessment not just as a new test but rather as a promising and potentially damaging lever of change in school cultures.
Updated: Nov. 03, 2008