Search results for: Gender
Page 1/7 70 items
Teacher educators who seek to advance social justice perspectives and promote equity-oriented dispositions often engage with challenging and controversial issues relevant to schooling, the lives of students, and the work of teachers. Addressing equity issues and controversial topics can be challenging and fraught with tensions for both students and teacher educators. The purpose of this self-study was to gain insight from a critical incident about a class discussion on an issue (i.e., gender normativity in curriculum and classrooms) that occurred in a graduate course for in-service teachers. The critical incident represented a challenging pedagogical moment given diverse perspectives on the issue. The qualitative inquiry was anchored in LaBoskey’s framing elements for self-study. Conceptual frameworks employed in analysis were Berry’s tensions in teacher education and Noddings’s ethic of care. Findings suggest that classroom discussions in moments of tension can be facilitated productively by (a) teacher educators acknowledging that the content under discussion may be of both political and personal relevance; (b) disclosing that the intent of discussions on controversial issues is to share and learn, not indoctrination; and (c) recognizing when continuing a discussion on a controversial issue is pedagogically unproductive. Implications for teaching practice and research are provided.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Student teachers’ beliefs about diversity: analysing the impact of a ‘diversity week’ during Initial Teacher Education
This article reports findings from a week of enrichment placements framed around ‘diversity’ within a secondary Initial Teacher Education (ITE) programme in England. The authors outline the demographics of the county – a largely rural, White county in the East Midlands of England – and describe the challenges this presents for ITE. A mixed-methods approach was used to study student teachers’ (n = 56) beliefs about diversity, generating data through: pre- and post-survey of beliefs and attitudes; student-created reflective videos; journaling; and one pre- and post-diversity week interview. The findings reveal shifts in student teachers’ perceptions about gender, race and sexuality, and these attitudinal shifts were more significant in those attending all week than those attending only the first day. This is particularly interesting because for some topics the only formal input was on the first day, and so the authors argue for the importance of time and space for creative reflection in beginning teachers’ professional development.
Updated: Jun. 23, 2021
A cross-institutional investigation of a flipped module on preservice teachers’ interest in teaching computational thinking
Informed by the person–object theory of interest, this study deployed a mixed-method concurrent triangulation design and investigated the impact of major/specialization, gender, and module design on preservice teachers' interest in teaching computational thinking. The study was conducted in a flipped computational thinking module hosted in three sections of educational technology courses at two U.S. institutions. Results from the quantitative analysis showed that preservice teachers who did both Scratch coding and physical computing practices had a higher level of interest than their peers who only did the Scratch coding only. The qualitative analysis found evidence that preservice teachers' interest differed by their gender and major/specialization statuses. At the end, the authors provided suggestions for future research and practice for teaching computational thinking in teacher education.
Updated: Jan. 01, 2021
Gender Differences in Stressors and Coping Strategies Among Teacher Education Students at University of Ghana
This study explored gender differences in stressors experienced by teacher education students at the University of Ghana, and adaptation stratagems they might utilise to manage stress. In 2018–2019 academic year, a total of two hundred and seventy (270) second- and third-year students were selected using random sampling procedure to respond to closed-ended and open-ended questions in a survey questionnaire. The questionnaire was to measure stressors students encounter and to measure students’ coping stratagems they might use to minimise their stress levels (Folkman & Lazarus, 1984). The findings show that the students use multiple strategies, such as praying/meditating and self-distracting activities to cope with stress. Although, females had higher overall perceived stress levels regarding encountered academic stressors and health stressors, the difference between genders was insignificant. Similarly, females had a higher perception of stress from psychosocial stressors when likened to males, however, the difference between genders was also insignificant. Regarding perceived coping stratagems, females utilised adaptive coping stratagems whilst males utilised maladaptive and avoidance coping stratagems although the difference between genders was also not significant. The study recommended among others that males be urged to likewise utilise increasingly adaptive strategies to control strain.
Updated: Dec. 03, 2020
“I question America…. is this America?” Learning to view the civil rights movement through an intersectional lens
This qualitative case study investigates how two preservice elementary teachers crafted narratives of Black women in the Civil Rights Movement using an intersectional lens. Using Black feminism and Black critical patriotism as theoretical frameworks, the authors examine the process in which preservice teachers attempted to construct historical narratives using Crenshaw’s framework of intersectionality. The preservice teachers used this framework to examine the intersecting identities and resulting experiences of women in the past and present in order to present a more complex narrative of the Civil Rights Movement to elementary students. This study is important because it helps preservice teachers and their students become conscious of the ways in which different people experience(d) the world based on intersecting identities as a way to promote empathy and critical citizenship.
Updated: Dec. 02, 2019
Exploring the Boundary-Heightening Experiences of Black Male Teachers: Lessons for Teacher Education Programs
This article uses a phenomenological approach to explore the organizational dynamic of boundary heightening for 27 Black male teachers, across 14 schools, in one urban school district. The authors report that Black male teachers described being perceived by their colleagues as either incompetent or overqualified to teach their subject matter. These experiences created workplace environments in which participants felt alienated from their colleagues. In response, these Black male teachers strategically erected social boundaries to manage interactions with their colleagues.
Updated: May. 23, 2019
This article investigates the identity work of three non-Aboriginal young women pre-service teachers taking part in a professional placement in remote Aboriginal Australia. The author also considers the ways in which their identity work might challenge colonizing discourses and racialized forms of power. The author concludes that the participants in this study performed a variety of subjective positions which worked to both reinforce and challenge colonial discourse and racialized forms of power.
Updated: Jun. 03, 2018
The present study explored what motivates male trainee primary school teachers for the profession. It also investigated the barriers they face and how they have overcome these barriers. The authors found three themes, which were related to potential barriers participants faced: physical contact with children; negative outsider perceptions; and working within a female orientated environment. The authors argue that three themes also emerged as motivators for the participants that enabled them to overcome the barriers they faced: perceiving the teaching profession as a positive career choice; experiencing a supportive working environment; and being perceived as positive role models.
Updated: Apr. 08, 2018
In this article, the authors describe a pilot mentoring program which includes the under-representation of female researchers in senior academic positions by supporting early career development for young academics at two faculties at a Danish university. The authors analyze the benefits of mentoring to postdoc female researchers’ career, to the mentees, and to the higher education institution. The implementation of the structured mentoring program demonstrates a level of institutional support that helped strengthen self-confidence and individual development, and provided access to experienced researchers’ knowledge about career planning and integration in the research environment.
Updated: Aug. 08, 2017
Mentoring 101: Advancing African-American Women Faculty and Doctoral Student Success in Predominantly White Institutions
This paper is purposed with operationalizing the concept of mentoring as a nuanced approach and attempt to promote the upward trajectories of African-American women in predominantly White institutions (PWIs). The authors struggled as African-American women to balance and decipher the various facets inherent in their respective roles – professor and doctoral student in a PWI – hence a mentor/mentee relationship emerged. This qualitative study explored the effectiveness of traditional and non-traditional mentoring functions for an African-American woman doctoral student aspiring for the professoriate, and the professional advancement of an African-American woman professor, who matriculate in the same PWI.
Updated: Mar. 29, 2017