Search results for: Teacher development
Page 1/4 35 items
Developing (as) Critically Reflective Practitioners: Linking Preservice Teacher and Teacher Educator Development
This article describes a U.S. based multi-year study focused on understanding how a critical reflective practice informs the identities and practices of two teacher educators and a group of preservice teachers. Using a self-study methodology, the authors have examined the processes and practices of their own identity development, alongside that of their preservice teachers. Using a framework as a tool for reflection, they posited a series of questions as a prompt for collaborative reflective writing. In their analysis of these written reflections, they discovered a process of becoming more reflective and expansive through writing, explicitly identifying the contextual factors at play in their personal development as educators. In addition, they found that this method of self-study became a space for transformational learning, where educators could share, be vulnerable, take risks but also care for one another in the process. The findings from this study highlight the importance of careful, critical reflection when supporting new educators.
Updated: Jul. 20, 2021
This study aimed at understanding teacher emotions through interviewing 25 and surveying 1,492 primary teachers in China using a mixed method. Content analysis was employed to analyse the data using the five nested ecological systems – microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, macro-system, and chronosystem. Statistical techniques such as mean score, Multivariate analysis of variance, Univariate analysis, and effect size were used to deal with the quantitative data. Qualitative results show that 25 teachers described 65 emotions including 33 positive and 32 negative emotions. The number of emotions that teachers reported decreased as the distance from the teachers increased. The quantitative survey comprised 14 positive and 17 negative emotion items. Given the powerful role that emotions and relationships play in education, the discussion was made with regard to classroom management, emotional display rules, and teacher vulnerability. The implications for teacher development and well-being were provided accordingly.
Updated: May. 11, 2021
Interconnectedness and difference between action research and a lesson design study in Shanghai, China
The professional development of teachers in China takes place, to a large extent, in Teaching Research Groups (TRG) that exist in all schools. Though there are diverse models of TRG activities, these might, on the surface, appear to resemble forms of Action Research (AR) or include elements that might resemble AR. In conducting a Lesson Design Study (LDS) with a TRG in Shanghai, the authors encountered the specific challenge of what might be the interconnectedness and differences between AR and their LDS. To address this issue, they applied a research-informed depiction of the distinguishing characteristics of AR to their LDS. Based on this analysis, they found that (1) in contrast to the depiction of AR that encompasses a choice of methods, their LDS follows a specific ‘design research’ methodology, (2) whereas the depiction of AR is simultaneously directed towards teacher self-change and restructuring the organisation or institution within which the teacher works, LDS concerns more than the practical questions in one local social context and aims to tackle bigger questions across the social contexts in the subject research field, and (3) whereas in the depiction of AR, teachers engage in a process of authentic collaboration with other teachers seeking to improve their practices, in the LDS community the external researchers and expert teachers play other roles in the TRG. Even though there may be differences between the depiction of AR and their LDS, the interconnectedness is important in that both AR and their LDS contribute directly to school-based teacher professional development.
Updated: Apr. 20, 2020
Lesson Study and Learning Study are popular teacher professional development models across the world. Drawing on an extensive review of research and literature, this paper aims to identify the features of the two models to contrast and establish their similarities and differences particularly with regard to their application in practice. The paper focuses on their impact on teaching and learning as well as the rationale behind the process of Lesson Study and Learning Study. Four major distinctions between the two models are revealed: ways of identifying a topic for teaching, views and methods for understanding student learning, the focus of teacher collaboration on lesson design and implementation, and the overall instructional design. The paper concludes that the two models appeal to different practitioners depending on their aims and objectives in teaching and learning as well as their broader perspectives on education. In addition, this paper suggests that the two models could complement each other to improve the effectiveness of teaching and learning in different contexts.
Updated: Apr. 19, 2020
This study examined how collaboration between teacher educators and leaders and teachers can promote development in teacher education, in school and in the collaboration site in school where both parties meet. The findings show that school-based development is a positive form of continuing the professional development of teachers. The author also found that both structure and culture can lay the foundation for and should interact with each other to foster professional development in school and thus lead to a developing organisation. Furthermore, the study reveals that the teacher-TE does not have a model for how teacher educators can collaborate with teachers and leaders in school or how they can collaborate at their institution to develop their work in school and research.
Updated: Jun. 12, 2018
This article addresses the issue: whether there are key differences in the type and quality of preparation that newly-qualified teachers (NQTs) receive. The findings reveal that, in general, there is a high level of reported overall satisfaction with induction of teacher education (ITE), and that this is true across all routes. There was less satisfaction with specific features such as preparation for handling special needs, behaviour and reading. The average levels of satisfaction for NQTs are largely un-stratified by sex, disability, age and ethnicity. Adding all available variables, including those aggregated and examined as interactions with others, can explain only around 20% of the unexplained variation even in the strongest models.
Updated: Jul. 03, 2017
Teacher Identity Development in the First Year of Teacher Education: A Developmental and Social Psychological Perspective
This study had several goals to: (a) describe the associations between aspects of personal and social identity, generativity, and the development of teacher identity in first year teaching students; and (b) examine which aspects of personal and social identity, and generativity predict teacher identity after controlling for a number of relevant covariates. A further aim of the study was to discuss the theoretical and research implications of considering professional teacher identity from a developmental and social psychological perspective in light of the results from the present analysis. This study suggests that those who have a well-formed sense of personal identity are more likely to be ready to begin the process of forming a professional identity. The findings also point to the potential value of pursuing an understanding of professional teacher identity as a developmental and social psychological process.
Updated: Oct. 14, 2015
A Conceptual Discussion of Lesson Study from a Micro-Political Perspective: Implications for Teacher Development and Pupil Learning
This article focuses on a micro-political discussion related to everyday stakeholder interactions that are endemic to the lesson study process. The authors aim to investigate issues pertaining to power relations that exist between teachers and their students, teachers and their peers, and teachers and external consultants. Their approach is conceptual in nature; simultaneously, we present several detailed examples revealing key issues related to lesson study implementation in Asian countries such as Singapore, Vietnam, and Indonesia. The authors have demonstrated that a post-structural theoretical perspective can illuminate the complex nature of lesson study, in relation to key concepts of power, identity, and discourse that need to be reflected upon by practitioners, school leaders, and consultants alike.
Updated: Dec. 08, 2014
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the growth and development of a novice teacher participating in a Continuing professional development (CPD) project. Based on the findings of the current paper, the CPD project supports the professional development of a novice teacher in three areas. First, it helps develop teaching competencies. Second, it promotes positive socialization in organization and in the profession. Finally, it facilitates the development of one’s professional identity. This study illustrates the important challenges teacher educators face in finding new ways to create learning opportunities in teaching students and novice teachers. Such opportunities would be meaningful for teacher educators in their own professional development and growth.
Updated: Mar. 31, 2014
A Multilevel Analysis of the Impact of a Professional Learning Community, Faculty Trust in Colleagues and Collective Efficacy on Teacher Commitment to Students
The current study investigated the relationships between a professional learning community (PLC), faculty trust in colleagues, teachers’ collective efficacy, and their commitment to students. The findings from the Hong Kong teacher sample indicated that two PLC factors including collective learning and application and supportive conditions – structures, and the factors faculty trust in colleagues and collective teacher efficacy could significantly and positively account for the school-level variances of teachers’ commitment to students.
Updated: Jun. 20, 2012