Search results for: Education policies
Page 6/20 195 items
This article aims to address the causes of school desegregation failure of the children study at Rome's schools. This article argues that the narrow desegregation aims prevents creation of comprehensive approaches sensitive to structural dimensions of segregation and discrimination. It builds on the policy design theory in order to capture the impact of discourse and policy content on the implementation outputs.
Updated: Feb. 16, 2015
“Teaching to the Test” in the NCLB Era: How Test Predictability Affects Our Understanding of Student Performance
This article explores one variant of the concept “teaching to the test'. It analyzes test item–level data from three states’ mathematics and reading tests. The article finds that students performed better on items testing frequently assessed standards—those that composed a larger fraction of the state test in prior years. These findings suggest that teachers targeted their instruction towards these predictably tested skills.
Updated: Feb. 11, 2015
The Test Matters: The Relationship Between Classroom Observation Scores and Teacher Value Added on Multiple Types of Assessment
This study examined how the relationships between one observation protocol, the Protocol for Language Arts Teaching Observation (PLATO), and value-added measures shift when different tests are used to assess student achievement. The findings revealed that PLATO was more strongly related to the Stanford Achievement Test (SAT-9), the alternative assessment used by MET to assess more ambitious outcomes. Furthermore, the authors found that the SAT-9 is more instructionally sensitive to the PLATO factor of Cognitive and Disciplinary Demand than the state tests used in MET study.
Updated: Feb. 11, 2015
Evidence-Based Practices in a Changing World: Reconsidering the Counterfactual in Education Research
In this article, the authors illustrate that populations and study samples can change over time. They present data from 5 randomized control trials of the efficacy of Kindergarten Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies, a supplemental, peer-mediated reading program. Findings demonstrate a dramatic increase in the performance of control students over time. The results suggest the need for a more nuanced understanding of the counterfactual model and its role in establishing evidence-based practices.
Updated: Feb. 10, 2015
Multiculturalism in Teacher Education Institutes - The Relationship between Formulated Official Policies and Grassroots Initiatives
The current study examined the multicultural policies advocated and the actual practices in two teacher education colleges in Israel. The main findings reveal a gap between multicultural discourse and policies in two colleges, as manifested in the activity patterns of both teacher education colleges. Furthermore, the difference between the colleges in terms of multicultural discourse and practice is related to the difference in the colleges’ organizational structures and target populations. The authors recommend that there is room for grassroots developments. Finally, the authors recommend that every teacher-education institute in any multicultural country must include the topic of multiculturalism in the curricula.
Updated: Jan. 06, 2015
Back to the Future: Do Lessons from Finland Point the Way to a Return to Model Schools for Northern Ireland?
This article examines the school-based element of initial teacher education (ITE( and the ways in which it contributes to the professional learning of student teachers in university in Finland and university in Northern Ireland. In particular, the authors seek to assess the potential of Training Schools for Northern Ireland. Teaching/training schools have featured prominently in recent reviews of teacher education in England and Scotland and, while not specifically mentioned in the Northern Ireland (NI) review document, the overall concept could enrich the school-based element of ITE in NI, using existing collaborative networks of schools.
Updated: Dec. 22, 2014
The article explores the theoretical underpinnings surrounding quality teaching in online settings as well as practical considerations for what teachers should know and be able to do in online environments. The authors examine state level policy from across the nation aimed toward establishing mechanisms to ensure online teacher quality.
Updated: Aug. 25, 2014
This article is organised around three themes, each one illuminating half a century of historical life. The author concludes that the article underlines how comparison is becoming one of the main instruments of governance in contemporary societies.
Updated: Aug. 25, 2014
This article provides a deeper understanding of critical mass, a concept that has become central in litigation efforts related to affirmative action admissions policies that seek to further the educational benefits of diversity. The authors demonstrate that the concept of critical mass requires an understanding of the conditions needed for meaningful interactions and participation among students, given the particular institutional context. To highlight this contextual definition of critical mass, they offer the term dynamic diversity and outline four main components of dynamic diversity that institutions can attend to.
Updated: Aug. 21, 2014
Promoting Human Capital Development: A Typology of International Scholarship Programs in Higher Education
This article clarifies the availability and characteristics of international scholarship programs that are sponsored by national and federal governments worldwide and that are intended to promote student mobility. Utilizing descriptive and cluster analyses, the article produces a framework for organizing the population of these programs.
Updated: Jul. 23, 2014