Search results for: Early childhood education
Page 9/26 256 items
Exploring a Community of Practice Model for Professional Development to Address Challenges to Classroom Practices in Early Childhood
This study examined whether and how an on-site and research–teacher community of practice model for professional development addressed challenges to classroom practices in a Head Start program. The findings revealed several challenges to classroom practice that aligned with previous research: existing practices did not always cohere with research-based practice, lack of planning between the lead and assistant teachers, and high teacher turnover. The authors suggest recommendations for establishing an on-site teacher-researcher community of practice model for professional development.
Updated: Aug. 12, 2015
The purpose of this paper is to report the findings of the Early Childhood Training Program. This program was designed to increase the quality of care offered to children age 0 to 5 in a metropolitan area of Southern California. Participants were recruited from six center-based child care programs serving preschool-age children and included program administrators, teachers, teacher aides, and enrolled children. The six participating programs were assessed at four levels: program administration, classroom, teacher, and child. The results demonstrated that the largest effect sizes were seen at the program administration and classroom levels and that smaller effect sizes were found with regard to the teacher and child levels.
Updated: Jul. 29, 2015
This study was conducted to better understand how preservice teachers’ perceptions of global concepts related to teaching, learning, and technology, were influenced by participation in a technology-focused early field experience within the authentic context of an early childhood laboratory preschool. Findings indicated that preservice teachers’ perceptions of pedagogy and technology are influenced by the early childhood-focused early field experience.
Updated: Jul. 28, 2015
This study investigated the current practices and training needs of early childhood professionals in conducting assessment with young children with and at-risk of disabilities. The findings reveal that the participants reported that they used a wide range of standardized tools and nonstandardized methods to assess children’s development in the developmental domains. Three of the top five tools most frequently used by professionals to assess children’s skills are curriculum-based assessment methods that are developmentally based and that take into consideration the child’s experiences and background. The authors recommend that preservice teacher preparation programs must include numerous targeted field assignments. Furthermore, preservice teachers must receive instruction in how to use a few of the most commonly used tools and assessment methods.
Updated: Jul. 27, 2015
Early Care and Education Matters: A Conceptual Model for Early Childhood Teacher Preparation Integrating the Key Constructs of Knowledge, Reflection, and Practice
The purpose of this article is to describe promising practices from a Child and Family Development (CFD) Program within the College of Education at a large, urban university. The authors' goal is to detail their attempts to build a core curriculum and program of study that supports the development of knowledgeable, and skilled, early childhood educators. They propose a conceptual model that is built around three key constructs: knowledge, reflection, and practice and describe their approach to preparing early childhood educators. The CFD program has worked towards creating a stronger, more coherent model for early childhood teacher education. In this model, field experiences are closely integrated with coursework, faculty pedagogies link theory and practice, and faculty and field experience supervisors build close mentoring relationships with preservice teachers to model good teaching.
Updated: Jul. 05, 2015
The book Graphic texts - Literacy enhancing tools in early childhood presents the potential contribution of non-verbal graphic texts to the development of children's literacy skills in the broad sense. The book deals with five types of graphic texts: drawings, photographs, icons, maps and calendars. Each one of these is described in terms of its characteristic features and contexts of use, followed by a review of current findings concerning the development of children's comprehension and production of the text. Finally, a comprehensive account of the possible contributions of each text to children's cognitive and social development is provided, complemented by a multitude of practical examples of relevant educational activities, children's productions and research ideas.
Updated: Jun. 07, 2015
Identity Expectations in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Preservice Teachers' Memories of Prior Experiences and Reasons for Entry into the Profession
This article examines how prospective teachers link their memories of prior experiences to their reasons for entering the profession. Implications from the study's findings suggest that teacher educators : a) attend emotional nature of preservice teachers' memories; b) assist preservice teachers to articulate expectations in teaching; c) address the importance of the role model; and d) attend to the political nature of convictions.
Updated: Jun. 01, 2015
Understanding Emotions As Situated, Embodied, and Fissured: Thinking with Theory to Create an Analytical Tool
This article introduces a new analytical tool, a critical performative analysis of emotion (CPAE), that draws upon three theoretical perspectives: emotions as situated, as embodied, and as fissured. These three theoretical perspectives -i.e. critical sociocultural, narrative, and rhizomatic- allow researchers to think with theory.
Updated: Mar. 16, 2015
Developing Professional Identities through Participation Within a Hybrid Community of Practice: Illustrating the Front-Line Experiences of Four Pre-K Mentor–Teachers
The purpose of this article is to describe a case study explored how a hybrid community of practice comprised of four pre-K mentors and a university program coordinator supported the development of new understandings about how to effectively supervise preservice teachers. The mentor discovered that participating in a community of practice contributed to changes in their thinking not only about their current mentoring situations, but also about guiding novice teachers as a professional calling. Furthermore, they began this study with preconceived notions of what it meant to be mentors that were somewhat black and white. However, they left feeling overwhelmed by the knowledge that mentoring is a complex act characterized by dual responsibilities of being teacher educators and early childhood teachers.
Updated: Mar. 15, 2015
Noticing and Naming as Social Practice: Examining the Relevance of a Contextualized Field-Based Early Childhood Literacy Methods Course
This study examines what early childhood preservice teachers enrolled in a field-based literacy methods course deemed relevant regarding teaching, literacy, and learning. The authors recognize that learning to teach and learning to see oneself as a teacher does not happen within one course or within one field placement. However, they were surprised to find that preservice teachers became more attuned to the more nuanced and complex practices that shape learning and children’s identities as learners. The authors believe early childhood preservice teachers in the study developed the social practice of noticing and naming because they were continually asked to pay close attention to the learners in front of them in relationship to course readings, discussions, and observations.
Updated: Jan. 11, 2015