Search results for: Early childhood education
Page 9/26 252 items
Early Care and Education Matters: A Conceptual Model for Early Childhood Teacher Preparation Integrating the Key Constructs of Knowledge, Reflection, and Practice
The purpose of this article is to describe promising practices from a Child and Family Development (CFD) Program within the College of Education at a large, urban university. The authors' goal is to detail their attempts to build a core curriculum and program of study that supports the development of knowledgeable, and skilled, early childhood educators. They propose a conceptual model that is built around three key constructs: knowledge, reflection, and practice and describe their approach to preparing early childhood educators. The CFD program has worked towards creating a stronger, more coherent model for early childhood teacher education. In this model, field experiences are closely integrated with coursework, faculty pedagogies link theory and practice, and faculty and field experience supervisors build close mentoring relationships with preservice teachers to model good teaching.
Updated: Jul. 05, 2015
The book Graphic texts - Literacy enhancing tools in early childhood presents the potential contribution of non-verbal graphic texts to the development of children's literacy skills in the broad sense. The book deals with five types of graphic texts: drawings, photographs, icons, maps and calendars. Each one of these is described in terms of its characteristic features and contexts of use, followed by a review of current findings concerning the development of children's comprehension and production of the text. Finally, a comprehensive account of the possible contributions of each text to children's cognitive and social development is provided, complemented by a multitude of practical examples of relevant educational activities, children's productions and research ideas.
Updated: Jun. 07, 2015
Identity Expectations in Early Childhood Teacher Education: Preservice Teachers' Memories of Prior Experiences and Reasons for Entry into the Profession
This article examines how prospective teachers link their memories of prior experiences to their reasons for entering the profession. Implications from the study's findings suggest that teacher educators : a) attend emotional nature of preservice teachers' memories; b) assist preservice teachers to articulate expectations in teaching; c) address the importance of the role model; and d) attend to the political nature of convictions.
Updated: Jun. 01, 2015
Understanding Emotions As Situated, Embodied, and Fissured: Thinking with Theory to Create an Analytical Tool
This article introduces a new analytical tool, a critical performative analysis of emotion (CPAE), that draws upon three theoretical perspectives: emotions as situated, as embodied, and as fissured. These three theoretical perspectives -i.e. critical sociocultural, narrative, and rhizomatic- allow researchers to think with theory.
Updated: Mar. 16, 2015
Developing Professional Identities through Participation Within a Hybrid Community of Practice: Illustrating the Front-Line Experiences of Four Pre-K Mentor–Teachers
The purpose of this article is to describe a case study explored how a hybrid community of practice comprised of four pre-K mentors and a university program coordinator supported the development of new understandings about how to effectively supervise preservice teachers. The mentor discovered that participating in a community of practice contributed to changes in their thinking not only about their current mentoring situations, but also about guiding novice teachers as a professional calling. Furthermore, they began this study with preconceived notions of what it meant to be mentors that were somewhat black and white. However, they left feeling overwhelmed by the knowledge that mentoring is a complex act characterized by dual responsibilities of being teacher educators and early childhood teachers.
Updated: Mar. 15, 2015
Noticing and Naming as Social Practice: Examining the Relevance of a Contextualized Field-Based Early Childhood Literacy Methods Course
This study examines what early childhood preservice teachers enrolled in a field-based literacy methods course deemed relevant regarding teaching, literacy, and learning. The authors recognize that learning to teach and learning to see oneself as a teacher does not happen within one course or within one field placement. However, they were surprised to find that preservice teachers became more attuned to the more nuanced and complex practices that shape learning and children’s identities as learners. The authors believe early childhood preservice teachers in the study developed the social practice of noticing and naming because they were continually asked to pay close attention to the learners in front of them in relationship to course readings, discussions, and observations.
Updated: Jan. 11, 2015
Communities of Practice and Participatory Action Research: The Formation of a Synergy for the Development of Museum Programmes for Early Childhood
The purpose of this study was to integrate the ideas of community of practice and participatory action research. This integration formed by the synergy between a natural history museum and a university department of pre-school education, which undertook participatory action research aimed at the creation of innovative museum programmes for young children. Data analysis and the evaluation of the research process show that the community was able to bring its situated knowledge into question and interrogate propositional knowledge. The authors conclude that both communities of educational practice and participatory action research can help participants develop the shared vision that is necessary for the development of a rigorous and better practice.
Updated: Dec. 29, 2014
“Touch It Lightly”: Israeli Students’ Construction of Pedagogical Paradigms About an Emotionally Laden Topic
The purpose of this study is to examine the pedagogical paradigms that preservice teachers construct regarding the teaching of the Holocaust and the identification of trends in the development of these paradigms over their 3-year college program.The authors conclude that the findings reveal that preservice teachers actively engage in pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) relating to emotionally charged topics, and they heavily base their constructions on prior beliefs as well as the educational program to which they have been exposed.
Updated: Dec. 15, 2014
Preservice Professional Preparation and Teachers’ Self-Efficacy Appraisals of Natural Environment and Inclusion Practices
This article describes results from a study that examined the relationships between teacher discipline, type of teaching degree, and teacher feelings of preparedness and the self-efficacy beliefs of early intervention and preschool teachers with regard to either natural environment or inclusion practices. Results showed that feelings of preservice teacher preparedness were related to the self-efficacy beliefs of both early intervention and preschool special education teachers. Furthermore, the findings revealed that teacher discipline and the type of degree moderated the relationship between teacher preparedness and self-efficacy beliefs among preschool special education but not early intervention teachers.
Updated: Nov. 24, 2014
Preparing Classroom Teachers to Be Cooperating Teachers: A Report of Current Efforts, Beliefs, Challenges, and Associated Recommendations
This article reports on a study which examined the efforts of 62 early childhood teacher education faculty to prepare cooperating teachers to work with preservice teachers. Since the nature and purpose of this preparation and support must be carefully examined in order to identify key features that will truly enhance the ability of these teachers to provide the type of mentoring that leads to quality field experiences.
Updated: Nov. 24, 2014