Search results for: Achievement tests
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The purpose of this article is understanding the limitations of value-added measures (VAM) and the inferences that they do and do not support. These limitations fall into three categories. First, value-added measures (VAM) provide information about only one of several important dimensions of teacher preparation program quality, focusing on one outcome measure, but not addressing other program characteristics. Second, comparing programs on the average VAM scores begs the question of whether mean performance is the most appropriate way to look at program quality. Third, the measurement of program graduates’ VAM is strongly affected by the labor market for teachers, which weakens the inferences from VAM scores to the quality of preparation programs.
Updated: May. 04, 2016
Do Student Achievement Outcomes Differ Across Teacher Preparation Programs? An Analysis of Teacher Education in Louisiana
This study describes the output of 1 year’s analyses of a systematic approach to examining student achievement outcomes for recent program completers across teacher preparation programs (TPPs) in Louisiana. Results demonstrated considerable overlap in CI between programs, with some programs having coefficients whose CI did not overlap with substantive anchors such as the average new teacher or the average experienced certified teacher in that content domain with either a 68% or a 95% CI.
Updated: Dec. 21, 2015
The Test Matters: The Relationship Between Classroom Observation Scores and Teacher Value Added on Multiple Types of Assessment
This study examined how the relationships between one observation protocol, the Protocol for Language Arts Teaching Observation (PLATO), and value-added measures shift when different tests are used to assess student achievement. The findings revealed that PLATO was more strongly related to the Stanford Achievement Test (SAT-9), the alternative assessment used by MET to assess more ambitious outcomes. Furthermore, the authors found that the SAT-9 is more instructionally sensitive to the PLATO factor of Cognitive and Disciplinary Demand than the state tests used in MET study.
Updated: Feb. 11, 2015
General Pedagogical Knowledge of Future Middle School Teachers: On the Complex Ecology of Teacher Education in the United States, Germany, and Taiwan
This article reports how the general pedagogical knowledge test was conceptualized in the context of Teacher Education and Development Study in Mathematics. The researchers from the United States, Germany, and Taiwan worked together and used representative samples of future middle school teachers in these countries from a survey which conducted on 2008. Findings revealed that U.S. future middle school teachers were significantly outperformed by future teachers in Germany and Taiwan. Furthermore, the data revealed that U.S. future middle school teachers had a relative strength in generating classroom strategies but a weakness in recalling knowledge and analyzing problems.
Updated: Apr. 08, 2013
Is the Grass always Greener? The Effect of the PISA Results on Education Debates in Sweden and Germany
The current article describes the political debates that comparative international studies such as the Programme for International Student Assessment have given rise to in Germany and Sweden. As a result of the assessments, both countries have gone outside their borders in order to find new models and policy norms. The article analyzes whether or not the debate on educational policy in the two countries plays a role in policy borrowing.
Updated: Jan. 25, 2011
The authors analyze nationally representative data from 1972, 1982, 1992, and 2004, examining the mathematics achievement of four high school senior cohorts, and several school and family background characteristics. The authors examine how changes in these measures relate to the black-white and Latino-white test score gaps and to changes in school minority composition. Understanding how our society can address these countervailing forces—the improving socioeconomic conditions for black and Latino families on the one hand, and the increasing racial isolation of these students in schools on the other—necessitates innovative ideas and experimentation.
Updated: May. 30, 2010
The author is a high school teacher who reflects on the impact of Obama's election on the students in her high school classroom. She found that the election enthusiasm highlighted for her the ways that schooling under NCLB has constrained both educators and students. Obama's election may bring hope to learners of all ages, especially to many teachers who had been beaten down by eight years of NCLB. However, the author advises skepticism toward the changes education secretary Arne Duncan might bring. The author calls on teachers, families, and unions to collaborate in demanding the freedom to nurture true learning.
Updated: Sep. 14, 2009
This case study examines the classroom instruction of an experienced teacher in an elementary school where the principal supported teachers’ autonomy and authority over curriculum and instruction. The results demonstrate how teachers’ professional discretion is being minimized in subtle yet consequential ways amid high-stakes testing, even in subject areas not tested by the state. Constrained professionalism represents a new situation in which teachers retain autonomy in classroom practices. However, their decisions are significantly circumscribed by contextual pressures and time demands that devalue their professional experience, judgment, and expertise.
Updated: Mar. 16, 2009
The article discusses a study regarding the use of Jigsaw II as a technique in cooperative learning among elementary school student teachers in Turkey. The study included a proficiency test, and questionnaires that were issued to the teachers. Findings show that Jigsaw II had a positive effect on the student teachers academic success and their views on the technique itself.
Updated: Jan. 14, 2008