Search results for: National policies
Page 1/2 12 items
The Editors’ challenges to the field of teacher education ask us to take stock: what is education for? What is our role in preparing new teachers to educate the nation? In their introduction to the panel discussing these challenges, they asked three questions: “Does ‘the field’ need to be challenged?”; “Can ‘the field’ be challenged?,” and “In which direction(s)?” Their answers were “yes,” “yes,” and “tell us.” Academic journals, of course, cannot change the world, but they can do far more than simply reflect back to us what we are thinking and doing to advance knowledge. Over time they certainly reflect the changes in our thinking, and from time to time they can intervene, as these editors are attempting to do, by taking a stand and asking explicit questions about the directions they believe we should be taking – challenging us, in fact, to think again, and perhaps, change our minds about what we think we should be doing.
Updated: Jul. 17, 2022
"I worry about money every day": The financial stress of second-level initial teacher education in Ireland
In Ireland, the past ten years have seen the emergence of new policies and practices in initial teacher education (ITE) in response to national priorities and the professed aim of progressing standards. A key mechanism of this process was to universally extend the duration of postgraduate ITE programs from twelve to twenty-four months to broaden student teachers' professional development. While this has been a positive move in many aspects, it has also been rendered problematic due to the inability of policymakers to reconstruct financial mechanisms to support student teacher enrolment, retention and progression. This paper examines second-level student teachers' experiences (N = 391) regarding the costs, both financial and emotional, of becoming a teacher in Ireland. The results show that while enrolled on their ITE course, there is a mean deficit of €151 per week in student teacher spending. Over 40% of student teachers rely on their family and/or partner to fund their participation. The qualitative data reveals that this has a huge impact on their personal and family finances and leads to high levels of financial stress. Suggestions on how this financial pressure could be alleviated include paid teaching while on school placement and lowering the cost of the course.
Updated: Jun. 13, 2022
Policies on inclusion are being increasingly embedded within education systems and teacher education across the world, with schools and teachers called upon to add ‘inclusion’ to their already large set of skills and tasks. There is, however, no consistent definition of what inclusion means or how it can be best promoted. The purpose of this paper is to explore the dilemmas that student teachers face when they encounter policy requirements to practice inclusion, and how they mediate the tensions. Drawing on two exploratory studies with science student teachers in two Initial Teacher Education (ITE) programmes in England, the authors focus on the conceptions of inclusion held by the student teachers and the links between inclusion and teacher education. Their findings suggest that conventional understandings in relation to ability still dominate, with ability-based differentiation viewed as the key teaching strategy to promote inclusion. In addition, student teachers find themselves having to negotiate contradictory and often conflicting approaches to inclusion, diversity, and academic attainment. The discrepancies highlighted by this study have implications for how teacher education courses need to be organised to promote the practice of inclusion.
Updated: Jun. 02, 2022
This paper reports on the background, context, design, and findings of a collaborative research project designed to develop a future roadmap for strengthening an Australian research-rich and self-improving education system. Building on the BERA-RSA Inquiry into the role of research in the teaching profession in the UK (Furlong, 2013), the Australian Teacher Education Association (ATEA), Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) and Australian Council of Deans of Education (ACDE) initiated a national study across education systems and jurisdictions to identify ideas, issues, challenges and opportunities to strengthen teacher education and education policy development through research. The mixed-method study, inclusive of focus groups and an on-line survey collected data from pre-service teachers, teachers, academics and leaders across schools, universities and education departments. A set of recommendations highlight the need for research literacies to be embedded at all stages of a teachers’ career and that the profession would benefit from professional learning strategies where teachers are positioned as both critical and discerning consumers and active producers of research. The importance of teachers being able to respond to data within their own set of contextual factors was a key message.
Updated: Jan. 09, 2022
Thinking with/through the Contradictions of Social Justice in Teacher Education: Self-Reflection on NETDS Experience
This article describes the National Exceptional Teaching for Disadvantaged Schools (NETDS). The purpose of the NETDS is to channel high performing teacher education students to disadvantaged schools. This paper is based on the authors' collective, critical self-reflection on designing and implementing NETDS at University of New England over the last three years. The authors use the taxonomy of three different ideological approaches—conservative, liberal and critical—to school reform as a heuristic device for their self-reflection.
Updated: Feb. 13, 2018
This article considers the impact of recent political decisions on the provision of teacher education and the continuing development of teachers in England. The author tracks how successive governments have changed the requirements necessary to become a teacher as circumstances have changed in the country. The author also considers the impact of these changes on higher education institutions.
Updated: Mar. 25, 2014
This study aimed to examine how national curriculum, school, and classroom contexts in Turkey influenced beginning teachers’ learning to teach when they did not have any support. The findings reveal that teachers’ classroom practice was influenced by national curriculum requirements, lack of collegial support at schools, and students’ mixed knowledge levels in the classrooms due to the complex relationship between the three contexts.
Updated: Dec. 10, 2012
This longitudinal study considers beginning teachers’ perspectives relating to the challenges of finding and holding employment and of succeeding in their careers and classrooms. The participants were a group of student teachers who completed one-year Professional Graduate Diploma in Education (PGDE) in geography at the same Scottish university in 2005–2006. Three issues shaping new teacher identities within the current Scottish context have been identified: employment uncertainty, New Teacher Induction Scheme ethos and expectations, and ensuring continuous and secure EPL.
Updated: Apr. 18, 2012
This article represents a tentative step toward understanding the social and psychological underpinnings of education reform in the United States during the last quarter century. This analytic essay uses a review of the literature, including psychoanalytic research on narcissism and narcissistic parenting as well as contemporary critical theory related to education reform, to examine arguments and policies evidenced in A Nation at Risk and No Child Left Behind.
Updated: Oct. 27, 2011
Targeting Resources to Students with Special Educational Needs: National Differences in Policy and Practice
Multiple policy strategies exist to promote equity and inclusion in education and training systems. Across countries, the provision of additional resources to students with special educational needs is a common strategy; previous research indicates that providing extra resources to students with special educational needs can help those students make progress in schools.
Updated: Oct. 27, 2008