Search results for: Cognition
Page 1/1 9 items
Beginning and Experienced Secondary School Teachers' Self- and Student Schema in Positive and Problematic Teacher-Student Relationships
This study explores what cognitions underlie teachers' mental representations of different types of positive and problematic relationships with their students. The findings show that when comparing positive and problematic relationships, accounts of the student schema differ. The teachers viewed their positive relationships with their students as agreeable and their problematic ones, as unagreeable. The authors found differences regarding positive relationships between novices and more experienced teachers.
Updated: Aug. 02, 2018
This study aimed to investigate teacher educators’ in-action mental model (IAMM) regarding student teachers’ minds and learning. The authors investigated the same teacher educators in two teaching contexts: (1) teaching an academic course about pedagogy in college; and (2) in the post-lesson feedback sessions that took place while they were supervising student teachers in elementary schools. The authors found that when the teacher educators taught an academic course, they had the same IAMM of the mind and learning as teachers who teach children in elementary and high school. The authors argue that this finding indicates the generality of the IAMM. The authors also found that the general IAMM has limitations. The findings in this study point to the contextual nature of IAMM.
Updated: May. 17, 2018
This article aims to guide language teacher educators to address novice teacher emotion systematically in the learning-to-teach experience. The authors used a scheme of a complete orienting basis of the action (SCOBA) to orient language teacher educators as they respond to novice teacher emotions in the activity of journal writing. This analysis demonstrates that emotional content is pervasive in this novice teacher’s journals, and that her emotions are tied to her perezhivanie and her thinking about and activity/outcomes of her teaching. The authors argue that the SCOBA highlights that teacher expression of emotion is intertwined with cognition and activity as part of the developmental process of beginning teachers, and can be addressed in mediation.
Updated: Mar. 03, 2015
In this article, the authors review three lines of experimentation that call into question important aspects of common instructional practices. The authors conclude by discussing the frequently observed dissociation between people’s perceptions of which learning procedures are most effective and which procedures actually promote durable learning.
Updated: Jul. 05, 2011
The purpose of this article is to provide a quantitative synthesis of the empirical literature comparing adults with reading disabilities (RD) and adults without RD across an array of intellectual, academic, cognitive, vocational, and life-adjustment measures. The central question posed by this review is to what extent and in what manner do adults with reading disabilities differ from adults without reading disabilities on measures assumed to relate to overall reading competence. In all, 52 studies met criteria for a meta-analysis yielding 776 effect sizes (ESs). The results revealed that adults with RD varied substantially in ESs from adults without RD on the classification measures (reading comprehension, reading recognition, verbal intelligence).
Updated: Feb. 21, 2010
In this study, the authors examined 32 teachers' learning in an informal learning environment. The authors analyzed changes in conceptions and behavior regarding students' active and self-regulated learning (ASL), and relations with the teachers' learning activities. Few relations were found between observed changes in behavior and learning activities.
Updated: Jun. 08, 2009
Models of Cognition for Students With Significant Cognitive Disabilities: Implications for Assessment
With the advent of the No Child Left Behind Act (2002 ), all students, including students with significant cognitive disabilities, must be included in measures of large-scale educational assessment and accountability. This article addresses the application of the assessment triangle developed by the National Research Council (Pellegrino, Chudowsky, & Glaser, 2001). Specifically, the article focuses on the first vertex of the assessment triangle, that of cognition, to examine characteristics of students with significant cognitive disabilities in representing what they know.
Updated: May. 20, 2009
The study examined collaborative learning activities which are presumed to be powerful learning tools for preservice teachers. Learning activities were examined in relation to changes in cognition and/or behavior of six teachers and consisted of interviews and reports. Qualitative analyses of the data showed that the collaborative learning activities resulted mostly in changes in cognition that mat be due to a high number of confirmations of own ideas or teaching methods.
Updated: Mar. 04, 2008
A Theoretical Review of Winne and Hadwin’s Model of Self-Regulated Learning: New Perspectives and Directions
This theoretical review of Winne and Hadwin’s model of self-regulated learning (SRL) seeks to highlight how the model sheds new light on current research as well as suggests interesting new directions for future work. The authors assert that the model’s more complex cognitive architecture, inclusion of monitoring and control within each phase of learning, and separation of task definition and goal setting into separate phases are all important contributions to the SRL literature.
Updated: Jan. 15, 2008