Search results for: Teacher knowledge
Page 1/7 69 items
The knowledge gap between intended and attained curriculum in Ethiopian teacher education: identifying challenges for future development
This investigation of physics teacher education in Ethiopia reveals a significant gap between the physics knowledge of pre-service teachers (PSTs) attained during training and that of the intended curriculum setting out expectations for their knowledge. Data were obtained by a test probing PSTs’ physics knowledge (attained curriculum); analysis of teacher education curriculum documents (intended); and video-recording, observation and analysis of lectures delivered to pre-service teachers at four Colleges of Teacher Education (implemented). These illustrate that implementation focuses on high-level, abstract knowledge delivered mainly via mathematical approaches, offering limited opportunities for learning basic concepts by debate. An outcome of current practice is that physics teachers lack the necessary subject knowledge to teach effectively, leading successive generations of Ethiopian students to under-achieve. The paper argues for change to enable Ethiopia to achieve its aim of raising educational achievement and societal productivity to become a low-middle income nation by 2025.
Updated: Oct. 13, 2021
Does Teacher Learning Last? Understanding How Much Teachers Retain Their Knowledge After Professional Development
Teacher professional development (PD) is seen as a promising intervention to improve teacher knowledge, instructional practice, and ultimately student learning. While research finds instances of significant program effects on teacher knowledge, little is known about how long these effects last. If teachers forget what is learned, the contribution of the intervention will be diminished. Using a large-scale data set, this study examines the sustainability of gains in teachers’ content knowledge for teaching mathematics (CKT-M). Results show that there is a negative rate of change in CKT after teachers complete the training, suggesting that the average score gain from the program is lost in just 37 days. There is, however, variation in how quickly knowledge is lost, with teachers participating in summer programs losing more rapidly than those who attend programs that occur during school years. The implications of these findings on designing and evaluating PD programs are discussed.
Updated: Mar. 15, 2021
Guided reflection procedure as a method to facilitate student teachers’ perception of their teaching to support the construction of practical knowledge
This study investigates meaningful events that student teachers identified from video recordings of their teaching practice that were used to improve their knowledge base. Data were collected from 21 student teachers at an Estonian university using a guided reflection procedure. Deductive qualitative content analysis was performed on meaningful events and student teacher reflections. Pearson’s chi-square test was used to compare the differences in types of practical knowledge that student teachers communicated when reflecting on meaningful events. Results indicate that video recordings facilitated the selection of meaningful events related to various aspects of teaching. Moreover, reflecting on empowering events advanced theoretical reasoning, while reflecting on challenging events advanced artefacts: i.e. knowledge that could guide student teacher actions in various teaching situations. Therefore, this study offers valuable insight into the kinds of knowledge student teachers construct in their teaching practice.
Updated: Oct. 23, 2020
“I question America…. is this America?” Learning to view the civil rights movement through an intersectional lens
This qualitative case study investigates how two preservice elementary teachers crafted narratives of Black women in the Civil Rights Movement using an intersectional lens. Using Black feminism and Black critical patriotism as theoretical frameworks, the authors examine the process in which preservice teachers attempted to construct historical narratives using Crenshaw’s framework of intersectionality. The preservice teachers used this framework to examine the intersecting identities and resulting experiences of women in the past and present in order to present a more complex narrative of the Civil Rights Movement to elementary students. This study is important because it helps preservice teachers and their students become conscious of the ways in which different people experience(d) the world based on intersecting identities as a way to promote empathy and critical citizenship.
Updated: Dec. 02, 2019
This study explored the effects of the teacher characteristics on pre-service teacher (PST) concern about integrating Web 2.0 tools into instruction. The authors found significant relationships between the concern and a few personal characteristics. The authors found that the PSTs seemed more prepared and confident in utilising instructional strategies (pedagogical knowledge) and less in engaging students in learning and managing classrooms.
Updated: Dec. 23, 2018
Knowledge and Beliefs of Early Childhood Education Students at Different Levels of Professional Preparation
This study aimed to explore the characteristics of students at different levels of early childhood professional preparation. The results show differences in knowledge across the differentiated levels of early childhood professional preparation. The authors argue that such results are relevant to teacher preparation programs and provide further support for policies within early childhood programs requiring continued education for early childhood teachers.
Updated: Dec. 09, 2018
Climate Change Professional Development: Design, Implementation, and Initial Outcomes on Teacher Learning, Practice, and Student Beliefs
The authors investigated the design and implementation of the Climate Academy, a professional development project intended to help teachers learn about climate change and support the development and implementation of climate change topics in participating teachers’ curricula. This article indicates that a focus on the science of climate change and modeling of theoretically driven pedagogical activities can help teachers improve their climate science knowledge as well as their understanding of how to teach climate science concepts by aligning content and practices with students’ local environment. Furthermore, the authors found that all teachers appreciated the opportunity to learn important content from climate experts and experience hands-on modeling during the summer institute.
Updated: Nov. 11, 2018
In this study, the author examined the professional knowledge that teachers use in order to assess and respond meaningfully to children’s interests. The findings revealed that personal and idiosyncratic nature of teachers’ knowledge gained in family, center and community contexts. The author argues that the personal, informal knowledge became infused with professional knowledge that influenced teacher curriculum decision-making and pedagogical practices. This informal knowledge can be described as an analytical framework of funds of knowledge. The teachers use the funds of knowledge in their interactions with children in complex and connected ways.
Updated: May. 23, 2018
This study examines preschool teachers’ knowledge of their young students’ number conceptions and the teachers’ related self-efficacy beliefs. The authors found that promoting preschool teachers’ knowledge of appropriate mathematical tasks is interrelated with promoting their knowledge of students. The findings reveal that that teachers’ estimates of their students’ abilities increased as a result of participating in the program. The authors also saw that teachers’ improved the accuracy of their estimations related to students’ abilities to perform number-related tasks.
Updated: Apr. 22, 2018
See and Tell: Differences between Expert and Novice Teachers’ Interpretations of Problematic Classroom Management Events
This article explored the differences between expert and novice teachers' perceptions and interpretations of problematic classroom events. The authors identified a number of differences in the way experts and novices perceived, interpreted and explained the problematic situations with which they were presented. The findings reveal that the novice teachers expressed significantly more visual perceptions. The experts, however, offered significantly more interpretations: they provided inferences about students, inferences about the teacher, and explanatory and/or reasoning statements. The authors conclude that novice teachers perceive students as key contributors to the problems which arise and escalate. However, the experts share their reasoning, explicating how and when problems emerge.
Updated: Mar. 25, 2018