Search results for: Teacher knowledge
Page 2/7 69 items
The Effect of Teacher Education Programs on Future Elementary Mathematics Teachers’ Knowledge: A Five Country Analysis Using TEDS-M Data
This study examined the associations between teacher preparation components and the knowledge of teaching candidates based on data from the TEDS-M study. The findings reveal that the number of mathematics content courses taken has an effect on teaching candidates’ level of MCK in three countries. Specifically, the authors found that taking courses in discrete structure and logic had an effect on MCK in Chinese Taipei, Spain, and Switzerland. Furthermore, they found that taking courses in continuity and functions had an effect on MCK in Chinese Taipei, Switzerland, and the USA.
Updated: Feb. 14, 2018
Teachers’ Professional Knowledge for Teaching English as a Foreign Language: Assessing the Outcomes of Teacher Education
This paper offers a conceptualization and operationalization of the professional knowledge of future middle school teachers for teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL), whom the authors directly assessed using tests developed by the research group. The authors conclude that test score differences by phase and program as shown in this study are well aligned to certain priorities laid down in the initial teacher education curriculum. The authors consider this as evidence for the curricular validity of the tests. The authors suggest that the tests could be used to inform about learning progress of student teachers throughout their teacher preparation program.
Updated: Sep. 25, 2017
The Effect of Cognitive Apprenticeship-Based Professional Development on Teacher Self-Efficacy of Science Teaching, Motivation, Knowledge Calibration, and Perceptions of Inquiry-Based Teaching
This study explored the effects of a 1-year professional development (PD) based on a cognitive apprenticeship model of research experiences on inservice teacher self-efficacy of science teaching, motivation, knowledge calibration, and perceptions of inquiry.Results indicated that inservice teachers changed their perceptions of inquiry and maintained high self-efficacy throughout all phases of the study. However, teachers refrained from making long-term changes in their cognitive strategy instruction.
Updated: Jul. 09, 2017
Investigating the Knowledge Needed for Teaching Mathematics: An Exploratory Validation Study Focusing on Teaching Practices
This study attempted to validate the argument that special knowledge is needed for teaching, in addition to pure mathematical knowledge. The authors explored participants’ knowledge with respect to four teaching practices: providing and evaluating explanations; selecting and using representations; analyzing student errors, misconceptions, and non-conventional solutions; and selecting tasks. The authors found no statistically significant differences between the three groups under consideration in the pure mathematical knowledge items. However, the findings suggest that measuring teacher knowledge by using multiple-choice tests might mask true differences that may exist among participants from different populations. Hence, alternative approaches are needed to tap into participants’ knowledge.
Updated: Jun. 26, 2017
Exploring the Relationship between K-8 Prospective Teachers’ Algebraic Thinking Proficiency and the Questions They Pose during Diagnostic Algebraic Thinking Interviews
This study aimed to explore the relationship between teachers’ mathematics content knowledge and the types of questions they pose to investigate students’ mathematical thinking. The results provide insights about prospective teachers’ algebraic thinking ability and their readiness for fostering algebraic thinking in the K-8 students.
Updated: May. 10, 2017
The present paper argues that research on teacher preparation over the last 100 years can be understood in terms of the major questions that researchers examined. This research focuses on two broad animating questions: “the policy question” and “the learning question.” The authors recommend that future research address questions that link teacher learning with student learning and teacher candidates’ beliefs and practices as well as questions that examine the relationships between research practices and social, economic and institutional power.
Updated: May. 03, 2017
This study explores questions of how educators learned about mathematics through lesson study but also how they were socialized into lesson study (LS) as a collaborative, routine practice. Specifically, the author compared the participation of educators who were new to lesson study (“LS novices”) with lesson study with those who had more experience with the practice (“LS experienced practitioners”). The author discovered a few key differences illustrate possible elements in the developmental progression of lesson study. Teachers who are newer to lesson study tend to focus on learning how to teach through problem solving, and seeing the collaborative work as a way to combine efforts to teach a better lesson. LS experienced practitioners, in contrast, were comfortable with the routine and can see their role as developing problems that elicit student thinking.
Updated: Sep. 21, 2016
An Investigation of Prospective Secondary Mathematics Teachers’ Conceptual Knowledge of and Attitudes towards Statistics
This study explored prospective secondary mathematics teachers’ conceptual understanding of statistics, attitudes towards statistics and the relationship between attitudes and conceptual understanding. The findings reveal that prospective mathematics teachers in this study had all taken modules in linear algebra and calculus at university and higher-level mathematics at secondary school. Despite being very mathematically able and confident, these self-selecting prospective mathematics teachers do no better in the assessment than the students from other disciplines. In addition, the results indicate generally positive attitudes but an acknowledgement that statistics is not a subject quickly learned by everyone and requires discipline to learn, but these positive attitudes are not strongly correlated with their conceptual understanding of statistics.
Updated: Sep. 07, 2016
In this study, the authors investigated the impact of two instructional strategies for using classroom video in the context of university-based teacher education on pre-service teacher learning. The authors developed two video-based modules, one using video to illustrate rules, the other using video to elicit preservice teachers’ knowledge, from which they then derived rules. . They found the two instructional strategies to be differentially effective, making distinct contributions to initial pre-service teacher learning. The findings revealed that learning environments based on the rule-example strategy fostered the reproduction of factual knowledge and its application to observe and evaluate authentic classroom sequences, whereas the example-rule strategy fostered the application of knowledge to plan a lesson and to identify challenges in a situative way.
Updated: Aug. 08, 2016
This article examines the effect of a National Writing Project professional development model on a group of middle school writing teachers. Specifically, the authors examine how contact with other professionals in intensive week-long sessions as well as mentoring from the professional development coach affected the teachers’ concept of themselves as professionals, as writers, and as colleagues, as well as how this attitudinal change affected their classrooms and students. The findings reveal that through participating in the literacy academies, these teachers appear to have revived their interest in teaching and gained confidence in their expertise. The authors find that activities with more positive structural features tend to provide professional development with more positive core features, which in turn tend of produce more positive teacher outcomes.
Updated: Jun. 15, 2016