Search results for: Beginning teachers
Page 1/34 337 items
“Why I Don’t Teach as I was Trained”: Vietnamese Early Career ESOL Teachers’ Experience of Reality Shock
Trained intensively in teaching English for communication, beginning Vietnamese ESOL teachers still follow the traditional approach in their classroom, i.e., teaching for grammar-and-vocabulary exams. This contrast in pedagogical practices is caused by “reality shock”, which happens for most teachers during the first few years into teaching. The current study aims to explore how reality shock influences and transforms early career ESOL teachers’ teaching methodologies. It employs an interpretative case study research design to outline both external and internal factors that characterize reality shock. The results show that besides English education policy, students’ cooperativeness and professional support, the participants were also affected by their own pedagogical competence, beliefs, and attitudes. Recommendations for assessment policies, professional development and further research have also been put forward.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2022
Metaphorically drawing the transition into teaching: What early career teachers reveal about identity, resilience and agency
This article examines the transition experiences of four early career teachers throughout their first year of teaching. Using metaphorical drawings and narratives, this study investigated the relationship between identity, resilience and agency during this transition period. By drawing on legitimate peripheral participation as a theoretical lens to theorise teachers’ transition experiences, the findings reveal that identity, resilience and agency worked in tandem to enable each early career teacher to look beyond challenges, pressure and fluctuating confidence during this critical transition period. These findings shed new light on why some teachers successfully withstand pressure throughout their first year of teaching.
Updated: May. 02, 2022
The year 2020 was one of unprecedented uncertainty for initial teacher education (ITE) with newly qualified teachers (NQTs) entering schools in the summer of 2020 still disrupted by COVID-19. Unfortunately, these disruptions have continued into 2021. This study explored the advice a group of NQTs have for student-teachers graduating during the disruptions to education caused by COVID-19. Through the use of a qualitative online survey, NQTs were asked to provide advice to student-teachers graduating this year. The findings provide three pieces of advice for ITE graduates: (1) Be mentally prepared; (2) Be practically prepared; and (3) Be flexible and adaptable. It is hoped that the advice provided by NQTs will help ITE graduates feel better prepared to begin teaching during uncertain times.
Updated: Apr. 05, 2022
The article discusses parent–teacher relationships in school micropolitics based on beginning teachers’ stories. The authors employ a narrative approach and investigate how micropolitical conditions and strategies are portrayed in beginning teachers’ stories of parent–teacher relationships. The research material consists of narrative interviews with seven Finnish primary school teachers in the first and second years of their careers. The findings indicate that micropolitical processes play a part in constructing parent–teacher relationships. These micropolitics both enable and limit these relationships and influence how beginning teachers learn to cope with parent relationships. The findings reveal various micropolitical strategies that beginning teachers use to enact and construct parent–teacher relationships. Furthermore, the findings show that parent–teacher relationships do not necessarily include just parents and teachers, but are multidimensional, encompassing several intertwined relationships that micropolitically condition parent–teacher relationships. The implications for pre- and in-service teacher education and school leaders are considered.
Updated: Mar. 30, 2022
Coping with emotionally challenging expectations: Japanese beginning teachers and their relationships with students’ parents’
This article examines emotionally challenging expectations in the relationships beginning teachers have with students’ parents. The data consist of narrative interviews with 17 Japanese beginning teachers. Due to strong cultural and social norms prescribing appropriate social interactions, Japanese teachers have little leeway in negotiating parents’ expectations. The authors found that beginning teachers described facing three emotionally challenging expectations in their relationships with students’ parents: 1) they do not fully understand what is expected of them; 2) they are expected to turn to colleagues for help with difficult issues involving parents; and 3) they are expected to endure and learn from criticism. To cope with these emotionally challenging expectations, beginning teachers perform emotional labour. The article presents a wider understanding of teachers’ work as a relational practice and offers insights that can be used to move beyond the discourse that frames beginning teachers from a ‘deficit’ perspective.
Updated: Mar. 15, 2022
When performativity meets agency: how early career teachers struggle to reconcile competing agendas to become ‘quality’ teachers
Early career teachers are increasingly required to be ‘classroom ready’ upon graduation and to demonstrate capabilities that match their more experienced colleagues. They are also joining a profession that is characterised by increased scrutiny and accountability driven by standards that seek to identify the hallmarks of good teaching. This agenda, constructed around a discourse of ‘quality’, has created dilemmas for early career teachers. However, little is known about how early career teachers navigate these pressures as they begin their careers. This article reports on a study that sought high-achieving graduate teachers’ perceptions of teacher quality and how they assessed their own practices within a ‘quality’ framework. The study found that high-achieving early career teachers wrestle with their perceptions of what a ‘good’ teacher might be and do, and how this contrasts with official representations of a ‘quality teacher’, and that they frequently ‘govern’ themselves using the regulations and discourses related to ‘the quality teacher’. The authors argue that broader conceptualisations of teacher quality are needed to enable early career teachers to develop as agentic professionals.
Updated: Mar. 14, 2022
Comparing motivations of pre-service and beginning teachers in China: impact of culture and experience
The study examines beginning teachers’ and pre-service teachers’ motivation to teach in China. Data are drawn from questionnaires completed by 107 beginning teachers (full-time teachers with fewer than six years’ working experience) and 122 pre-service teachers, and semi-structured interviews with 19 of them. The respondents all emphasised social influences, personal utility value, and social utility value, and all viewed the teaching profession as a career high in demands but low in returns. However, pre-service teachers showed higher motivation than beginning teachers, except for items regarding intrinsic value, fall-back careers, and teaching ability. This study suggests a ‘culture-motivation’ framework for understanding teachers’ motivation in China.
Updated: Feb. 17, 2022
This article explores the experiences of six nonbinary preservice teachers of diverse gender expression and racial and class backgrounds. Each was enrolled or had recently completed teacher training in North America when the study was conducted in 2018. This qualitative study employed in-depth, phenomenological interviews to prompt participants to reconstruct rich narratives about their experiences as educators. This article uses Sara Ahmed’s concept of the “willful subject” to consider how participants negotiated the relationship between their gender identities as non-binary people and their nascent professional identities as teachers. These beginning teachers expressed concern about succeeding in their teacher education programs and worried about how others perceived them because of the expectation of normative gender implicit in teaching’s professional norms. This expectation was enforced by the profession’s gatekeepers more than by K–12 students and their families, who participants generally described as hospitable or indifferent to having a non-binary teacher. If the profession is to genuinely welcome gender diversity, it must do more than protect trans and gender nonconforming teachers from discrimination and harassment: It must also recognize and work to deconstruct its own gender normativity.
Updated: Jan. 25, 2022
Early career teachers continue to flee the profession in many countries around the world. In a series of their own studies, the authors have attempted to better understand the intentions of early career teachers. In this paper, they build on themes that emerged in a 2015 study, published in Teaching Education, with 40 second- and third-year teachers, and interviewed 15 more second- and third-year teachers from another Canadian province. Using a semi-structured interview procedure with a method of thematic analysis, the same 2015 themes emerged in the new study with the exception of two original themes: It’s the kids; and An opportunity for relief: Relational support. Both new themes highlighted relational aspects of sustainability and turned us to the notion of relational agency. The authors draw on the conception of relational agency to inquire into how early career teachers might establish a capacity to align their thoughts and actions with others on the professional knowledge landscape. They then pose questions surrounding how relational agency helps teacher educators, administrators, and teac
Updated: Jan. 05, 2022
A Self-study Exploration of Early Career Teacher Burnout and the Adaptive Strategies of Experienced Teachers
Isolation, organisational pressures, and role-related distress, can result in teachers, particularly early career teachers (ECTs), experiencing greater risk of burnout. For many ECTs, a lack of practical strategies for dealing with these conditions contributes to this. Using self-study methodology, this research unpacks why ECTs experience burnout, identifies adaptive strategies that experienced teachers use, and discusses the applicability of these practices for ECTs. Conversations between an ECT and three experienced teachers provided alternate lenses to apply reflective unpacking of adaptive strategies. The findings illustrate how the risk of burnout for ECTs is increased by challenging student behaviour, isolation, a lack of collegiality and engagement with professional networks, and being overloaded with responsibilities. The findings also suggest that being overworked is less of a contributing factor to burnout than feeling disconnected from one’s school, peers, and community. Adaptive strategies for alleviating the effects of burnout were explored and recommendations for practice presented.
Updated: Dec. 16, 2021