Search results for: Knowledge
Page 1/4 32 items
Professional knowledge and task instruction specificity as influencing factors of prospective teachers' professional vision
The authors investigate whether differences in professional vision (PV, both in noticing and reasoning) can be found between prospective teachers using a knowledge test as an economic, performance-based expertise indicator. Furthermore, they examine whether novices can be supported in their PV through a specific compared to a general task instruction, activating knowledge schemata promoting top-down processes. An online-based study with N = 85 prospective teachers using video vignettes reveals that PVs' accuracy and velocity depends on knowledge. The specific task instruction does not contribute to more effective PV. Results emphasize the relevance of knowledge transfer during university education for prospective teachers.
Updated: Mar. 24, 2022
Evidence-Based Practice in Teacher Education: The Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Practical Knowledge
European educational reforms call for the implementation of evidence-based teaching (EBT) in universities. Based on the evidence-based research paradigm in medical education, this study investigates the relationship between teacher educators' research experience, practical knowledge, self-efficacy beliefs, and frequency of EBT implementation. The authors report on survey data from N = 243 teacher educators from Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. A set of mediation analyses were run to identify the mediating role of self-efficacy beliefs and practical knowledge in the interplay among teacher educators' research experience and frequency of research evidence implementation. The results indicate that self-efficacy beliefs are a strong predictor of how frequently teacher educators implement EBT. Implications about the role of self-efficacy beliefs in teacher educators' professional learning and development along with future steps that are necessary to increase the implementation of EBT practices in teacher education will be discussed.
Updated: Jul. 29, 2021
The study presented here sought to determine how student teachers’ personal characteristics, attitudes, knowledge, experience and skills for using collaborative learning influence their willingness to use this demanding pedagogy in their classes. A structural equation modeling (SEM) analysis model based on data from questionnaires emphasized the direct effect of experience on attitudes and skills, but showed no such effect on knowledge. There was no difference in research variables based on gender, age and degree in respondents’ willingness to integrate collaborative learning. One major conclusion of the study is that teacher education programs should include a study of the theoretical and strategic aspects of collaborative learning, as well as active experience with this pedagogy.
Updated: Sep. 23, 2020
This article aims to provoke debate and discussion about teacher education futures, with particular reference to the interactions between knowledge and technology, within the teacher education community. The authors employed futures methodologies based on scenario creation. In these scenarios, the authors play out how and why changing versions of knowledge and their interactions with technology impact on teacher education. The authors note that in these scenarios, technology is primarily referred to in terms of its relationship to knowledge building and acquisition. They argued that the scenarios offer a dialectic between the influence of knowledge and that of technology. They also argue that these scenarios have a practical value in offering alternatives, encouraging debate.
Updated: Nov. 08, 2018
In this study, the authors examine the task and knowledge demands for teaching integer operations with representations by analyzing teaching practice. Based on their analysis, the authors organize the generated knowledge components using the Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching framework. They conclude by drawing implications for teacher educators and curriculum developers.
Updated: Dec. 06, 2016
Early Care and Education Matters: A Conceptual Model for Early Childhood Teacher Preparation Integrating the Key Constructs of Knowledge, Reflection, and Practice
The purpose of this article is to describe promising practices from a Child and Family Development (CFD) Program within the College of Education at a large, urban university. The authors' goal is to detail their attempts to build a core curriculum and program of study that supports the development of knowledgeable, and skilled, early childhood educators. They propose a conceptual model that is built around three key constructs: knowledge, reflection, and practice and describe their approach to preparing early childhood educators. The CFD program has worked towards creating a stronger, more coherent model for early childhood teacher education. In this model, field experiences are closely integrated with coursework, faculty pedagogies link theory and practice, and faculty and field experience supervisors build close mentoring relationships with preservice teachers to model good teaching.
Updated: Jul. 05, 2015
This article focuses on the knowledge–competencies nexus in the context of ‘twenty-first century learning’. It raises several questions: Does the interest in competencies devalue or undermine knowledge? Does a social constructivist paradigm necessarily dismantle disciplinary knowledge? What is the relationship between knowledge and improving the life chances for the marginalised? Against a critical background discussion of ‘twenty-first century learning’, these questions are addressed by considering and synthesising three perspectives on knowledge in relation to their particular critique of education, what they say about knowledge, and the bearing this interpretation has on how they view pedagogy and curriculum.
Updated: May. 10, 2015
Renewing Sociology of Education? Knowledge Spaces, Situated Enactments, and Sociological Practice in a World on the Move
This article asks 'how can sociology of education speak into contemporary educational knowledge and construct vocabularies that re-open dialogue about social justice'? A mobile methodology is used to report on three knowledge spaces that locate sociological practice and frame sociological knowledge. The author argues that global transitions have re-scaled and re-ordered the relation between the sovereign and governmental spatial powers that previously centred education.
Updated: Jul. 23, 2014
In this work, the authors are interested in supporting beginning teachers in identifying and productively drawing on the everyday knowledge and experiences that children bring to science learning. They focus on preservice teachers’ emerging understandings of the nature and utility of learner’s funds of knowledge. The authors argue that when preservice teachers define the utility of funds of knowledge, they do so in reference to managing classroom interactions and supporting student learning. The authors consider preservice teachers’ description of the utility of funds of knowledge as a hook to be productive and reasonable but insufficient.
Updated: Mar. 12, 2014
Stepping Out of the Academic Brew: Using Critical Research to Break Down Hierarchies of Knowledge Production
This paper explores how critical theory and critical research can be used to critique hierarchies of knowledge in academia and society. The article explores this relationship in order to create new opportunities for learning and researching dialogically, a process that the author calls, ‘stepping out of the academic brew’. The paper offers a framework for how critical researchers might begin flattening hierarchical knowledge structures in education, in themselves, and in life.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2013