Search results for: Content knowledge
Page 1/2 16 items
The development of ePCK of newly hired in-field and out-of-field teachers during their first three years of teaching
This study explored the potential impact of teaching outside of one’s field of expertise. This longitudinal cross-case study examined the development of enacted pedagogical content knowledge (ePCK) among a group of in-field and out-of-field (OOF) physical science teachers during their first 3 years of teaching. The components of ePCK investigated included the knowledge and skills related to conceptual teaching strategies and student understanding of science. Seventeen newly hired teachers teaching in and outside their field of expertise participated in the study. The data collected included semi-structured interviews and classroom observations of the teachers. The study’s findings showed that early career OOF physical science teachers exhibited less developed ePCK and showed more inconsistencies in their ePCK compared to their in-field counterparts. The findings also revealed that ePCK fluctuated for most teachers, representing the tentative nature of emerging ePCK. This study has implications for those who prepare and support newly hired teachers.
Updated: May. 24, 2022
Cooperative learning in teacher education: its effects on EFL pre-service teachers’ content knowledge and teaching self-efficacy
This study examined the effect of Cooperative learning (CL) on content knowledge and teaching self-efficacy of EFL pre-service teachers using a pre-test/post-test quasi-experimental design. The experimental group (N = 35) and the control group (N = 30) were randomly selected from two Cambodian regional teacher training centres. For 16 weeks, the experimental group was exposed to CL while the control group participated in lecture-based learning. Data was collected before and after the experiment through an achievement test and an adapted scale on teaching self-efficacy. The ANCOVA results revealed that the EFL pre-service teachers in the experimental group outperformed their conventionally trained counterparts in terms of grammar and vocabulary achievement and teaching self-efficacy. This study adds to the existing literature, showing that CL significantly contributes to the increase in content knowledge and teaching self-efficacy among EFL pre-service teachers and highlights the need for applying CL in pre-service instruction.
Updated: Apr. 05, 2022
Achieving the goal of a scientifically literate society greatly depends on teachers. This study assesses preservice elementary teachers’ conceptual understanding of scientific literacy. Study participants include 20 preservice elementary teachers registered in an advanced science methods course at a midsize university in the United States. A qualitative interview design with a sem-istructured interview format was used. The results of this study showed that preservice elementary teachers’ scientific literacy and knowledge of the nature of science required improvement to comply with science education reforms; however, they showed adequate understanding of the relationship among science, technology, and society.
Updated: Oct. 21, 2021
Professional learning and development of two groups of pre-service teachers with different scientific knowledge bases and different teaching training in the course of their studies
This research study evaluated the professional development of two groups of pre-service biology teachers during a year-long biology didactics course in two different academic institutions. Verbal and qualitative analyses of lesson transcripts were employed to characterize explicit knowledge, while content and cluster analyses of the repertory grid technique were employed to characterize tacit knowledge. The group of pre-service teachers with lower content knowledge (CK) and more teaching experience during their training was concerned with student- and teacher-centered practices. The group with higher CK and less teaching experience was concerned with high-order thinking skills and the knowledge gap between themselves and their students.
Updated: Aug. 15, 2019
Content of Curriculum in Physical Education Teacher Education: Expectations of Undergraduate Physical Education Students
The present study aimed to examine the perceptions of the importance of content areas in physical education from the perspective of university students. The study also explored how those perceptions related to the reasons for course choice and motivation. The findings reveal that the participants mentioned sport and physical activity, confident interpersonal service, and role model as reasons for choosing to study physical education. The authors also found that the students were motivated towards study, with intrinsic motivation towards study higher than extrinsic motivation and lack of motivation.
Updated: Jun. 03, 2018
Teachers’ Content Knowledge and Pedagogical Content Knowledge: The Role of Structural Differences in Teacher Education
This article aims at investigating the impact of structural differences in teacher education on teachers’ CK and PCK. Therefore, the authors conducted a cross-sectional comparison with German pre- and inservice mathematics teachers at different points in their teaching careers. The findings showed that the CK of the teacher groups considered here differed significantly. As expected, the largest differences in CK and PCK were found between the beginning and the end of initial teacher education. Differences in the structures of teacher education were reasonably well reflected in participants’ CK and PCK.
Updated: Jan. 21, 2016
The Influence of (Research-Based) Teacher Training Programs on Evaluations of Central Computer Science Concepts
Based on a cross-contextual research paradigm, this study compares the combinations of content and process concepts identified as important in the context of professors with those considered relevant in the context of teachers. The authors found significant differences between computer science professors and teachers. The greatest differences were found in their evaluations of the content concepts algorithm and structure: professors and teachers differed significantly in their evaluations of these concepts’ relationships with five and four process concepts, respectively.
Updated: Oct. 07, 2014
Family Background, Entry Selectivity and Opportunities to Learn: What Matters in Primary Teacher Education? An International Comparison of Fifteen Countries
This article examines the effectiveness of teacher education programs from fifteen countries with respect to mathematics content knowledge (MCK) and mathematics pedagogical content knowledge (MPCK) as cognitive outcomes after equalizing their teacher intake. Data from the comparative TEDS-M study revealed that the mathematics content knowledge (MCK) and the mathematics pedagogical content knowledge (MPCK) of primary teachers differed significantly at the end of teacher education between the participating countries and between teacher education programs within countries.
Updated: Oct. 29, 2013
Promoting Creative Thinking and Expression of Science Concepts Among Elementary Teacher Candidates Through Science Content Movie Creation and Showcasing
The authors examined the use of video editing technology as a tool to support candidates’ conceptual understanding and expression of science content knowledge, as well as the potential to support creative thinking. The participants were 121 elementary teacher candidates in both sections of an elementary science methods course. The candidates found that the process gave them an opportunity to explore, assemble, and communicate a story of their concept in a creative and engaging way that was meaningful for them. Furthermore, many teacher candidates reported that learning to use the software had distinct advantages that included increasing their confidence in using the software and having to figure out how the software could support their ideas.
Updated: Jan. 30, 2013
The current study compared the child development content knowledge gains of two classes of undergraduate preservice early childhood teachers. Some of the preservice teachers taught child development with case-based instruction and some of them taught the same content with traditional didactic instruction. The study also sought to determine if students' level of prior knowledge interacted with the type of instruction they received.
Updated: Dec. 27, 2012