Search results for: Tests and scales
Page 1/2 12 items
The meaning of teacher education in an exam-oriented education system: lessons from novice secondary teachers in Korea
This study investigated four novice secondary teachers’ experience and perceptions of teacher education in relation to their current work experience in a high-stakes testing context. The novice teachers commonly indicated that their preparation, which had focused on content expertise, turned out to have little significance in schools, as they mainly executed teaching to the test. Instead, their role as homeroom teachers, which was concerned with caring and supporting students, was found to have much more significance. Accordingly, they indicated that teacher education must more strongly emphasise preparing teachers for that role, which requires them to become mature, considerate, and autonomous educators. Based on this finding, this study suggests the need for a clearer conception of and emphasis on the subjectification function of teacher education that is grounded in the consideration of the fundamental vision, purpose, and meaning of teacher education in a society.
Updated: Oct. 24, 2019
“Slaying Ghosts in the Room:” Identity Contingencies, Teacher Licensure Testing Events, and African American Preservice Teachers
This study examined the subjective and social psychological ways African American test takers experience teacher licensure testing events. Findings illustrate how the licensure testing event can become a racialized experience for some participants through (a) interactions with test proctors and site administrators before and during examinations and (b) actions of other test takers that inadvertently signaled racial stereotypes about test preparation, intelligence, and character. Racialized experiences for participants were not based upon any specific test questions or content.
Updated: Aug. 31, 2016
“Teaching to the Test” in the NCLB Era: How Test Predictability Affects Our Understanding of Student Performance
This article explores one variant of the concept “teaching to the test'. It analyzes test item–level data from three states’ mathematics and reading tests. The article finds that students performed better on items testing frequently assessed standards—those that composed a larger fraction of the state test in prior years. These findings suggest that teachers targeted their instruction towards these predictably tested skills.
Updated: Feb. 11, 2015
Teaching to and Beyond the Test: The Influence of Mandated Accountability Testing in One Social Studies Teacher’s Classroom
The author presents an extended and fine-grained analysis of the influence of state-mandated accountability testing on one social studies teacher’s classroom practice and thinking about curriculum. Two main findings are presented in this article. First, this study sheds light on the problems and frustrations that one teacher faces when confronted with a testing apparatus that limits her instructional time with students. Second, the data add support to the viewpoint that while state-mandated accountability testing does influence classroom teaching, teachers’ beliefs about subject matter and their goals for students play an equal role in shaping their classroom practice.
Updated: Sep. 16, 2014
The Mentoring Profile Inventory: An Online Professional Development Resource for Cooperating Teachers
This article reports on the origins, development and refinement of an online inventory to help cooperating teachers focus on selected dimensions of their practice. Results can be used individually or collectively to facilitate cooperating teacher professional development by providing the opportunity for dialog around a set of common issues.
Updated: Nov. 20, 2013
The ACT of Enrollment: The College Enrollment Effects of State-Required College Entrance Exam Testing
Since 2001 Colorado, Illinois, and Maine have all enacted policies that require high school juniors to take college entrance exams. This article presents the effects of this state-mandated college entrance exam testing. The author finds evidence that entrance exam policies were associated with increases in overall college enrollment in Illinois and that such policies re-sorted students in all three states between different types of institutions.
Updated: Sep. 17, 2013
This article describes the Economic and Social Research Council-based research project. This project examines the ways in which Lyotard’s performative practices affect the identities of primary school learners and how they are constructed by Key Stage exam process. This project also examines performative progression through a system of learning targets. The project uses a Foucauldian approach to show how learners are influenced by performativity discourses and how they take part in constructing these performative identities.
Updated: Nov. 28, 2012
Test-Based Grade Retention: Does It Stand Up to Professional Standards for Fair and Appropriate Test Use?
This paper examines the extent to which test-based grade retention policies comply with standards for fair and appropriate test use based on norms established by the professional testing community. The results of the investigation indicate that test-based retention policies potentially violate several of the professional standards.
Updated: Oct. 19, 2010
This article discusses the issues and implications of high stakes tests on English language learners (ELLs).In this case, academic achievement tests are analyzed relative to their norming samples and validity to determine their usefulness to ELLs. Also, commonly used language proficiency tests are examined relative to definitions of proficiency, technical quality, alignment with criteria for language classification and reclassification, and their academic predictive validity. The author provides recommendations for addressing the issues related to high stakes tests and ELLs.
Updated: Oct. 27, 2008
Lissitz and Samuelsen (2007) have proposed an operational definition of validity to a utility of test use. The author claims that the definitions do not support interpretation of score. The author argues that validation should involve an evaluation of the proposed interpretations and uses of test scores, and Test developers may choose to adopt a narrow operational interpretation of test scores, but if they do so, they should label the test accordingly.
Updated: Sep. 18, 2008