Search results for: Ethnographic study
Page 2/7 62 items
In this article, the authors present the idea of “walking around” culture. By “walking around” culture, they mean that teachers need to put feet to pavement and purposefully “walk around” the neighborhoods of their students, similar to ethnographic study. The authors describe how each of them has “walked around” culture ethnographically. As they describe their experiences, they write in their own voice. As they have analyzed their experiences, several common themes have emerged. They have combined these themes into five critical factors, which they have labeled as “key principles”: culture is communication, culture is personal, culture has boundaries, culture is perceived by those who stand outside the culture, and culture is defined by the people in that culture.
Updated: Nov. 25, 2014
Opening the Black Box of Field Experiences: How Cooperating Teachers’ Beliefs and Practices Shape Student Teachers’ Beliefs and Practices
The purpose of this study was to describe how six preservice science teachers learn to teach over a year and explain their learning by documenting their field experiences, teacher education courses, and their changing beliefs and practices. The findings reveal that teaching practices were strongly influenced by the cooperating teachers. Initially, all six interns attempted to mimic the lessons they witnessed their cooperating teachers teach. Later, the interns independently implemented instruction that emphasized key instructional or relational strategies as the cooperating teachers, regardless of whether or not they were experiencing success.
Updated: Nov. 06, 2014
Classroom Culture, Mathematics Culture, and the Failures of Reform: The Need for a Collective View of Culture
The purpose of this study was to investigate the nature of classroom practice and how it is supported by the culture of a classroom. The primary participant in this study was an eighth-grade mathematics teacher renowned for being a good teacher whose teaching conformed to the intentions of the reform-oriented National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards, with a particular emphasis on problem solving. The authors found that although Ms. Bryans appropriated some of the rhetoric and practices of problem-solving-based practice, her goals and assessment methods and most of her instructional methods were not consistent with common ideas of problem-solving mathematics.
Updated: Jun. 23, 2014
This article uses previous research on beginning English teachers’ major concerns to frame the exploration of concerns faced by four beginning teachers. This article seeks to expand on that research by examining the concerns faced by four beginning teachers and considering the implications of those concerns for teacher preparation. The author concludes that in addition to those identified by the previous research, the four beginning teachers in this study dealt with adjusting to the teaching profession, accepting their students, and managing their emotions.
Updated: Feb. 10, 2014
The present article explores how researchers’ social identities influence data gathered through ethnographic research in multiracial K-12 educational settings. The authors examine how the processes of conducting, interpreting, and analyzing ethnographic fieldwork are impacted when researchers belong to marginalized social groups. The authors suggest that researchers can act as critical participants to create opportunities for dialog about racism, sexism, and other inequities in educational settings.
Updated: Jan. 19, 2014
The Construction of Researcher–Researched Relationships in School Ethnography: Doing Research, Participating in the Field and Reflecting on Ethical Dilemmas
This article draws upon the author's experience while conducting an ethnographic study in an international school in mainland China. The author reflected on two issues: what field relations were established in what ways, and what threads to ethics and research validity the author encountered in the course of the fieldwork.
Updated: Jan. 19, 2014
Translating Autoethnography Across the AERA Standards: Toward Understanding Autoethnographic Scholarship as Empirical Research
This article aims to move readers toward a deeper understanding of and widened respect for autoethnography’s capacity as an empirical endeavor. The authors argue in favor of autoethnography as empirical by translating information from its epistemological and methodological history across the AERA standards for reporting empirical social science research. The article concludes by imagining a rubric that may assist researchers, editors, and reviewers in translating autoethnographic scholarship as credible and defensible empirical research.
Updated: Oct. 22, 2013
The authors examine educational policy by focusing on the ways in which actors “play” or selectively follow, negotiate, and appropriate cultural instructions and rules. The authors outline a framework that situates assemblage, a notion utilized in actor-network theory, within the critical cultural study of policy. The authors pay particular attention to what happens when disparate actors join together to perform policy-directed tasks.
Updated: Aug. 20, 2013
The Dilemma of Cultural Responsiveness and Professionalization: Listening Closer to Immigrant Teachers Who Teach Children of Recent Immigrants
The authors present an analysis of the teacher interviews which were conducted in five U.S. cities with 50 preschool teachers. These interviews were part of a comparative study in Europe and the United States of what practitioners and parents who are recent immigrants think should happen in preschool. The authors compare the perspectives of these immigrant teachers with those of their nonimmigrant counterparts. Specifically, the authors focus on the cultural expertise of immigrant teachers who work within their own immigrant community. One of the major findings is that preschool teachers are caught between their pedagogical training and their cultural knowledge.
Updated: Jun. 17, 2013
Enriching Action Research with the Narrative Approach and Activity Theory: Analyzing the Consequences of an Intervention in a Public Sector Hospital in Finland
The current study aims at contributing to the development of theory and methodology in the field of organizational intervention research. An empirical case is presented of a public-sector hospital unit that was in crisis and took part in an organizational change process based on action research. The long-term consequences of the project are traced and analyzed by conducting ethnographic field research, including narrative inquiry.
Updated: Apr. 28, 2013