Search results for: Practicum placement
Page 1/2 13 items
This article explores how university learning and the period of school placement can contribute to identity development understood as a dynamic and evolving process. From this perspective, we understand the teacher’s professional identity as an ongoing process of interpretation and re-interpretation of experiences that are shaped in professional spaces of relationship with others, where each person makes different processes of identification, representations, and attributions, creating a spiral of continuous construction or reconstruction. It is thus a phenomenon of social interaction. Data collection involved eight students, their school tutors, and university teachers within the framework of 4th-year school placements. Data analysis was organised around three dimensions of the research project: the teacher him/herself, the bond between students and the educational community, and the relationship between the school and the university. The results highlighted the need to improve the practicum, especially at the university level. Both school and university tutors are crucial in promoting and guiding dialogical processes of knowledge construction with oneself, others, and the world. However, the university has an added responsibility in this key relational process; university tutors must improve their role as mediators between students and school tutors to contribute to the development of the teaching identity in a complex and dynamic way.
Updated: Jun. 13, 2022
Thriving, not just surviving: The impact of teacher mentors on pre-service teachers in disadvantaged school contexts
This study explores the perceptions held by nine mentor teachers from four Australian secondary schools about the impact they have on pre-service teachers during professional placement. Using Fraser’s (2000, 2005, 2008) social justice framework as a theoretical lens, this paper examines what can be learnt from these teacher mentors about mentoring in disadvantaged school contexts. These mentor teachers felt their most significant impact was in shaping pre-service teachers’ awareness and responsiveness to contextual factors so that they could not only fulfil professional experience requirements, but also be better prepared for potential future teaching opportunities in disadvantaged school contexts.
Updated: Jun. 17, 2021
You've Met Your Match: Using Culturally Relevant Pairing to Cultivate Mentoring Relationships during the Early Practicum Experience of Community College Preservice Teachers
This work explores mentoring triad relationships between pre-service teachers, school-based cooperating teachers, and professors at a community college. Using cultural historical activity theory, the authors provide a retrospective analysis of the factors influencing the success of the mentoring relationships. They assessed 60 mentoring triads with a rubric focused on how triads established intersubjectivity and the activity systems of practicum and college course were able to intersect and establish common goals. Results showed that highly successful triads were most likely to have culturally matched student/cooperating teacher pairs and culturally diverse practicum placements. Qualitative analysis showed that an equal exchange of power among the triad was foundational for enabling intersubjectivity. Therefore, equal power exchange between the triad during early practicum experiences are supported by and support cultural responsiveness. They argue for further research on this population of pre-service teachers as well as greater attention to issues of power and cultural responsivity during mentorship.
Updated: Mar. 15, 2021
In the field of teacher education, the disconnect between university-based coursework and practical field experiences has long been a concern. To make teacher preparation coursework more meaningful, some programs partner with P-12 schools to offer site-based courses. Although situated learning for novices in practice-based professions makes sense, more research is needed to determine if, how, and why site-based courses in particular may be beneficial for teacher candidates’ (TCs) learning. In this study, the authors used surveys and interviews with TCs, who had taken the same site-based literacy methods course, to identify which aspects of the course they found most facilitative of connections between the course content and the field. Our findings suggest working with children in classrooms, course instructors’ involvement at the school, and opportunities to discuss and reflect upon their experiences immediately after they had been in the field were the primary features of a site-based course TCs found valuable.
Updated: Mar. 09, 2021
The focus of this study is the practice of mentoring as perceived by key participants, and the backdrop is the changing training context. Particularly, this research aims to understand mentoring of student teachers as a practice-based learning process situated within the school as a workplace, and for the purposes of sustaining the working practices and staffing of that workplace. Experiences of mentoring in this specific case study of initial teacher education vary but there are common constraints and affordances. This research suggests that the wider value placed on mentoring within the workplace-orientated context of initial teacher education matters. Furthermore, the socio-cultural context within which mentoring occurs also has a significant impact, and indeed the extent to which the mentors are afforded the necessary time and mentor education to fulfil their role.
Updated: Oct. 12, 2015
This study investigates how iPhones® have been used by preservice students, supervising teachers and teacher educators to provide formative assessment to preservice teachers on practicum. Data from an action research project showed improvement of practicum experiences for mentors and preservice teachers. Results indicate that there is strong support for the use of mobile devices as a means to support supervising teachers in their decision-making processes.
Updated: Aug. 03, 2015
This article explores the pedagogical learning of South African pre-service teachers during a practicum in special schools. These placements do not only serve to promote an understanding of difference and disability. These pre-service teachers noticed aspects of pedagogy that had been less visible to them during previous practicum sessions in ‘mainstream’ schools. The authors conclude that a practicum placement in such settings has the potential to advance their pedagogical learning.
Updated: Jun. 14, 2015
Three research instruments were designed to explore how mentors judge readiness to teach during final practicum placements. This article describes the three instruments. It discusses how the three tasks worked as ways to understand how people judge readiness to teach and as ways to develop mentors’ judgement making.
Updated: Jun. 10, 2015
A Bourdieuian Analysis of Teachers’ Changing Dispositions towards Social Justice: The Limitations of Practicum Placements in Pre-service Teacher Education
The current paper illustrates and theorises change in two Australian teachers’ dispositions towards social justice over time from a Bourdieuian perspective. The interviews with the two participants over a two-year period provide evidence of change in their dispositions towards social justice. By the end of their first year of teaching, there is evidence that both experienced change in their dispositions towards social justice. There is clear movement towards social democratic or difference models of redistributive justice. Within this movement is a growing recognition of the appropriateness of the )re)distribution of different social goods for different people rather than a quest for sameness. This dispositional change took place at the same time as the two participants were developing competence as beginning teachers.
Updated: Oct. 19, 2014
This study examined preservice secondary science teachers’ perceptions of the classroom learning environment as experienced during their practicum. The study also compared this classroom learning environment to their espoused views of an ideal science classroom. The qualitative findings are corroborated by some of the results from the CLES scales, suggesting that preservice teachers perceived their practicum classrooms to incorporate only a few of the constructivist learning environment factors. Furthermore, most preservice teachers also believed that their practicum should be a flexible apprenticeship, where science teaching innovation was supported.
Updated: Oct. 22, 2013