Search results for: Competencies
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It is the Shared Aims, Trust and Compassion that Allow People to Prosper: Teacher Educators´ Lifelong Learning in Competence-based Education
Teachers´ life-long learning and occupational well-being is significant in promoting educational goals and professional development. The aim of the study was to determine which factors contribute to teacher educators´ commitment to work and give them energy for work and self-development. The research data consisted of 24 teacher educators in Oulu University of Applied Sciences. The research method of this case study was a qualitative, thematic content analysis, the research approach phenomenography. The most important single factor seemed to be the community of teachers, students and the administrative staff which are included in dialogue and collaboration. Emotions, meaningfulness, and interaction play an important role, often via pedagogical fellowship. Committed teacher educators take responsibility for workplace culture and transformation of teaching. Positive attitudes, motivation, reflection, and dialogue seem to be connected to professional capability and the ethos of teacher educators´ work.
Updated: Jul. 13, 2022
This study examined student teachers’ perceptions of how well their Teacher Education (TE) had prepared them for 21st-century competencies, and how well they applied these competencies to their teaching. In addition, the study sought to identify best practices, major obstacles, and suggestions to achieve these competencies. The study was implemented in two universities and three universities of applied sciences in Finland that have TE programmes. This study used a mixed-method approach. Data were collected both quantitatively and qualitatively from student teachers (n = 227), who assessed 21st-century competencies with a structured questionnaire that included open-ended questions. Quantitative data analysis used descriptive statistics and correlations, while qualitative data analysis used content analysis. The study found that based on the student teachers’ self-assessment, the student teachers achieved successfully 21st-century competencies despite differences between competencies. The best-achieved competency was ‘Collaboration’ and the least well-achieved was ‘Global connections.’ The study illustrated student teachers’ perception of their success in applying 21st-century competencies to their teaching at schools. Answers to open-ended questions produced convincing evidence that courses involving collaborative and interactive learning, high quality, sufficient support, related 21st-century competencies, certain pedagogical methods used by teacher educators, and integrating theory and practice can contribute strongly to the development of student teachers’ 21st-century competencies.
Updated: Apr. 08, 2022
Key competencies straddle an educational reform that has taken on a central role within the European Union. However, there is a lack of empirical instruments aimed at assessing preservice teachers’ opinion of competency-based policies, their self-evaluation regarding such policies, and their understanding of the intended rationale behind competency mandates. Instruments with similar aims in other contexts suffer psychometric shortcomings. Therefore, the authors’ aim was to design an instrument to examine primary preservice teachers’ beliefs about the role of key competencies in education, self-evaluate their understanding of the concept of key competencies, and determine if they understood the intended interdisciplinary focus. A three-phase pilot (n = 295, n = 277, n = 263) was carried out with each phase aimed at progressively improving the instrument’s psychometric soundness. Drawing from data obtained from the third pilot, the psychometric scale properties are reported for a much-needed assessment tool.
Updated: Feb. 10, 2022
The purpose of the study is to examine how the student teachers’ perceptions of instructional planning competency predict their competency in instructional planning. The study was carried out through explanatory mixed method design. The participants of the study included 102 teacher candidates, 65 of whom were female and 37 of whom were male. As quantitative data collection tools, The Scale for Perception of Proficiency in Instruction Planning (SPPIP) developed by Gülbahar and UbD Design Standards Rubric developed by Wiggins and McTighe were used. As qualitative data collection tools, unit plans and focus group interview were used. The quantitative data was analyzed by applying correlational analysis and simple linear regression analysis. The qualitative data was analyzed through content analysis. The regression analysis demonstrate that student teachers’ perceived proficiency in instructional planning explained 57% (R2 = .57) of the competency in instructional planning. As for the qualitative portion of the study, the analysis of collected data revealed three themes regarding student teachers’ views on competency in instructional planning process: factors affecting competency, challenging elements in instructional planning, and strategies to develop competency.
Updated: Jan. 03, 2022
The present research demonstrates initial evidence of validity of a model of pedagogical practice for teacher educators, the Pre-Service Teacher Motivation Model, which is conceptually based in self-determination theory. The study deployed a survey comprising items constituting the proposed model’s factors, and measures of satisfaction of basic psychological needs and teacher self-efficacy, which were completed by pre-service teachers (N = 402) in two independent cohorts (n = 185; n = 217). The final model comprised three factors, Relational Dynamics, Student-Centered Organization, and Connected Learning. The findings are evidence of the model’s potential utility as a tool for informing the design of learning and teaching, and reflective practices in teacher education.
Updated: Jul. 27, 2021
Millennial generation preservice teachers’ intrinsic motivation to become a teacher, professional learning and professional competence
This mixed methods study examined how millennial generation preservice teachers’ intrinsic motivation affects their professional learning in initial teacher education (ITE) and professional competence. The quantitative findings showed interest in teaching and subject taught and self-development and ideal lifestyle as the two aspects of millennial preservice teachers’ intrinsic motivation, and confirmed a significant, positive, mediated effect from preservice teachers’ intrinsic motivation on their perceived professional competence: Subject matter, pedagogical and educational knowledge, via their professional learning in ITE coursework and interaction with others. The qualitative findings showed four underpinning linkages with illustrations from six preservice teacher cases. Implications for ITE are discussed.
Updated: Jun. 16, 2021
Rethinking teacher education in a VUCA world: student teachers’ social-emotional competencies during the Covid-19 crisis
Policy documents from OECD and UNESCO have been stressing the need to prepare students for what has been termed a VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex, ambiguous) world. They emphasise social-emotional competencies as necessary for coping with such conditions. This qualitative research frames the COVID-19 outbreak as an extreme case of VUCA that grants the opportunity to examine whether our teacher preparation curriculum provides teacher students with these social-emotional competencies that they are expected to model and are necessary for coping with such circumstances. Fifty-four student teachers and 24 teacher educators responded to open-ended questionnaires, and 16 semi-structured interviews with teacher educators were analysed based on grounded theory. Results demonstrate that our student teachers struggle substantially with VUCA circumstances and do not seem to receive sufficient preparation in the domain of social-emotional competencies. These troubling findings serve as a wake-up call to increase a social-emotional orientation in teacher education curriculum.
Updated: Apr. 11, 2021
Competence and challenge in professional development: teacher perceptions at different stages of career
The present study investigates teachers’ perceived challenge and competence at different stages when dealing with professional requirements. A total of 655 teachers from 250 primary schools in the state of Zurich, Switzerland, at different career stages (pre-service, beginning and experienced teachers), completed a survey measuring four professional requirements in competence and challenge dimensions. Structural equation modelling was used to assess the validity of the measures and teachers’ sense of competence and perceived challenge were compared across different career stages. Beginning teachers were found to be lower in their sense of competence in all four requirements, but teachers’ experiences of challenge varied at different career stages. The findings call for attention to facilitating new teachers to accomplish the required competencies and to minimise any stress arising from the challenges they face. Promoting optimal use of resources through cooperation in the workplace may help beginning teachers to maximise their sense of competence.
Updated: Dec. 29, 2020
The purpose of this study is to determine how active learning in teacher education in Finnish and Turkish contexts affects student teachers’ professional competences. The findings revealed that active learning methods correlated strongly with professional competences in Turkish and Finnish teacher education. This study provides an evidence that active learning methods in pre-service teacher education positively contribute to professional competences, both to classroom-related competence and to a broader concept of teachers’ work.
Updated: Apr. 22, 2018
This study focuses on the way novice teachers, who are part of a one-year postgraduate diploma in post-primary teaching, have opted to negotiate their status as school teachers. In particular, it asks why novice teachers prefer to hide as they scramble to learn how to teach. Findings suggest that without quality mentoring support, our pre-service teachers prefer to become ‘invisible’ as learners. The authors identified three pre-professional stances: fragile, robust and competitive. The key finding is that none of these pre-professional stances mitigate pre-service students’ lack of negotiating power.
Updated: Sep. 06, 2017