Search results for: English (second language)
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The overall objective of this study was to investigate the constraints that have occurred regarding the first-year English language teachers’ professional identity construction at five Chinese universities. The approach adopted in the study was Narrative Inquiry. Interview data with five teachers were collected and analysed through a framework that identified emergent salient themes. All the preliminary results indicated major constraints in their experiences as first-year EFL teachers in the current Chinese university context. The discussion reflects on their newly negotiated and renegotiated identity after having suffered particular dilemmas in addition to the general difficulties, and how these processes have further reformulated their outlook in ways they did not expect.
Updated: Jul. 14, 2021
Learning to teach across the boundary: A cultural historical activity theory perspective on a university-school partnership in Vietnam
Featuring a fundamental component in initial teacher education (ITE), the practicum also presents pre-service teachers (PSTs) with challenges arising in the process of crossing the boundary between the university and school. This paper draws on the Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) to analyse case study data on a university-school partnership in Vietnam. Findings reveal a ‘separatist’ partnership, characterised by marked division of labour, and insufficient communication between the partners. In light of CHAT, the paper offers a renewed understanding of partnership, whereby contradictions are viewed as valuable for learning as consistent ideas and values held by the partners.
Updated: Jun. 23, 2021
Factors Influencing Preservice Teachers’ Self-Efficacy in Addressing Cultural and Linguistic Needs of Diverse Learners
How preservice teachers perceive their readiness to work with diverse learners can indicate their future success in the classroom. Using self-efficacy theory as a conceptual base, this study examined what factors contribute to preservice teachers’ self-efficacy level in addressing English Learners’ (ELs) cultural and linguistic needs, while adopting a multi-method design. Data sources included a self-efficacy survey of a group of preservice teachers, written rationales for their self-efficacy ratings, and suggestions for improving their self-efficacy. Data analyses revealed that the preservice teachers lacked self-efficacy in communicating with ELs while showing high self-efficacy in employing different learning modalities. In addition, direct exposure through field and/or life experiences and curriculum emphasis were identified as key factors. Findings further illuminate the preservice teachers’ incongruent understandings of mainstream school culture versus ELs’ cultures, the role of culture in academic versus social and emotional domains, and lack of interconnectedness between academic excellence and cultural competency.
Updated: Mar. 11, 2021
This paper presents a narrative inquiry study on agency development in student-teachers of an English language teacher program at a public university in the south of Colombia. The authors’ goal was to understand how student-teachers develop agency when narratively inquiring their community by planning and conducting community-based pedagogy projects on issues they found pertinent to investigate. The data were gathered through semi-structured focus group interviews, individual journal entries, and video-recorded talks about their inquiries. As a conclusion, they acknowledge that certain social and narrative practices such as interacting within their inquiry groups, interacting with their communities, voicing their communities’ necessities, and acting upon the inquired necessities facilitated developing agency and contributed to rethinking their roles as transformative members of their communities.
Updated: Jan. 30, 2021
This article presents the results of a qualitative study which aimed to develop an understanding of the emotions experienced by pre-service English language teachers during their teaching practicum and the emotions’ effects on instructional teaching. Attribution theory was used as a framework for analysing the results, while the data were gathered through classroom observation, reflection journals, and semi-structured interviews. Results revealed a need for language teaching programmes to include classroom management strategies; however, there is also evidence of the urgent need for socio-emotional support to be provided to pre-service teachers to help them shape their teaching practice through reflection. Providing a space for pre-service teachers to reflect on their beliefs and discuss the emotions experienced during practicum may help to instill commitment and responsibility in future teachers.
Updated: Jan. 28, 2021
Delivery of a western-centric initial teacher education award in a Chinese-centric context. What constitutes good practice?
This paper has two purposes. First, to explore ways in which a western-centric in-service teacher education programme has transformed the teaching of 14 teacher participants who hitherto used a more Chinese-centric approach to teaching. Second, to investigate if any changes that have occurred have diffused beyond the teacher participants’ classrooms and if so, to whom and to where. The teacher participants belonged to one of four cohorts of teachers who, between 2014–2019, enrolled onto a UK accredited, level seven, Post Graduate Certificate (International) Education (PGCIE), blended learning programme. All used English as the medium of instruction to teach English, Accounts or Business subjects to Chinese students, aged 18–23. Underpinned by principles of pedagogical gains through reflective practice, the programme’s aim was to develop teacher participants’ practice, with an emphasis on student-led approaches to teaching and learning. Tenets of two theoretical frameworks (transformational learning and diffusion of innovations) furnished a lens to view the data. Data were gathered from interviews with teacher participants and managers. Available and relevant statistical data were also used. The paper presents evidence of how transformational learning leads to improved teacher effectiveness and how changes in practice can become diffused beyond the classroom and to others.
Updated: Jan. 26, 2021
The use of digital badges has become increasingly common in educational settings as an alternative assessment tool, and they are linked with student motivation and integration of gamification elements into learning environments. This study explores the perceptions of pre-service English teachers at a university of the inclusion of digital badges in an LMS used in their face-to-face courses. Seventy-nine prospective English teachers participated in the 14-week study employing a mixed method design in which data were collected through a questionnaire and open-ended questions. Quantitative data analysis suggests that the participants had positive perceptions of the use of digital badges as an integral part of their courses. Content analysis of the qualitative data generated themes demonstrating teacher candidates’ perceptions of digital badges. Overall, the study provides some implications for using digital badges as well as caveats to be taken into account in planning their use.
Updated: Jan. 04, 2021
This study, which involves student teachers who were carrying out one semester's practice teaching, aims to investigate the self-efficacy beliefs these student teachers embraced for implementing self-regulated learning (SRL) in the English as a foreign language (EFL) classroom. Two surveys investigating student teachers’ self-efficacy for instructing SRL in classrooms and their self-efficacy for self-regulating their studies in the university teacher training program were administered to 128 student teachers. Results of this study suggest that it is imperative for school-based mentors to scaffold student teachers to SRL principles and application of SRL strategies while they engage in practice teaching during the practicum. The study also highlights a pressing need to include instruction of SRL in the university teacher training curriculum to foster self-regulated approaches to teaching and learning.
Updated: Dec. 28, 2020
English is vertically distributed in the socioeconomic layers of Turkish society as there has been a discrepancy between English learning opportunities in public vs. private educational institutions and developed vs. underdeveloped regions. Attracting qualified English teachers to work in unprivileged regions and public schools would be one of the solutions for the social inequity caused by unbalanced access opportunities to satisfactory English proficiency. Collecting and analysing questionnaire data from pre-service teachers from 13 English Language Teaching departments (N = 583), and conducting semi-structured interviews with 88 participants, this study aims to understand regional and institutional plans of pre-service English teachers with a focus on factors affecting their plans. Majority of the participants plan to work in public institutions as they offer job security and moderate workload; on the other hand, professional development opportunities in private institutions are quite attractive for many teacher candidates. Participants seem to have a tendency to work in developed regions. Cultural concerns, geographical concerns, altruistic concerns, opportunities and beliefs derived from others’ experiences are found to be effective on their regional plans.
Updated: Dec. 28, 2020
Although there has been increased interest in what constitutes effective professional development (PD) for in-service teachers in recent decades, the literature indicates that the issue continues to promote ongoing debate. Based upon the findings of previous research, this qualitative study set out to determine the extent to which, how, and why a PD course was considered effective in its contribution to the development and practice of the 28 in-service EFL teachers in Israel who participated in the course. Data from written reflective accounts, interviews, and field notes were collected and analysed. The findings identify various ways in which the course was considered effective, and reasons for such effectiveness, that, in turn, indicate the need for PD courses to be tailored to the current needs of practitioners as perceived by the course participants themselves.
Updated: Nov. 27, 2020